On 3/30/06, Bill Moran <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
>
> "Ashish Awasthi" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
>
> > I am a relative newbie, so please don't flame me if my question doesn't
> make
> > sense.
> >
> > In a network experiment to determine appropriate length of router
> buffers, I
> > am using pfctl on FreeBSD 5.3 to limit the bandwidth to 100 Mbps on a 1
> Gig
> > link and limit the queue to 240 packets, and I use iperf for sending out
> > data. Connection is maintained between two routers running FreeBSD 5.3,
> > connected by a 1 Gig link. I monitor on sender the pfctl and iperf
> > statisitcs.
> >
> > As I see the iperf throughput go down from 94 Mbps to 50 Mbps and then
> rise
> > again in accordance with the classic sawtooth curve of TCP, it is clear
> that
> > there must have been a packet drop, but "pfctl -s -queue -v -v" at the
> > sender shows 0 losses and 0 drops. Moreover, the queue length as
> reported
> > never overflows. Even netstat shows 0 retransmissions!
> >
> > I tried this with queue lengths of 50, 100, 240, 10 and 5. Only when
> queue
> > length is on the order of 5 or 10 do I see packet drops in pfctl report
> (and
> > also retransmissions in the netstat report); however, since I have
> limited
> > the bandwidth and the outgoing traffic is shaped by this limitation, it
> is
> > clear that there must be some packet losses in other cases as well.
> >
> > So, I tend to think that some other queueing is occuring apart from the
> > ALTQ, and drops are occuring there. If so, how can I obtain those
> > statistics?
>
> You're making a lot of assumptions about how things work, so I'll follow
> in kind.
>
> I would assume that pf is sending ICMP source quench messages to the
> sending machine to avoid overflowing its queues.  If it's proactive
> in doing this, it would never overflow, except in the case where the
> queue is so short that it can't reply with a source quench fast enough.
> To me, this would be expected behaviour.  A little packet sniffing should
> show whether this is what is actually happening or not.
>
> As a side note, this is why arbitrarily blocking all ICMP messages is a
> bad
> idea.
>
> --
> Bill Moran



Hi,

Thanks for your response. However, the problem still remains. I did check
for ICMP packets at both the source and the router, but there are NO source
quench packets at all in the tcpdump traces.

Where should I be looking? Any suggestions?

Thanks a lot!

Ashish
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