Erik Nørgaard wrote:
.. snip ..
Well, my suggestion is not to exhaust your precious /28 address space
right away. And don't make your life unnecessary difficult, why choose
the addreses in the middle for bimap?
Rather than using all your external ip's right away I would save some
for later expansion, and reserve one for debugging. You may need to
connect a laptop on the external net to figure out what's going on. You
could do this: x.x.x.0/29 to servers (bimap), x.x.x.8/30 debug and
future expansion (not mapped), x.x.x.12/30 map for lan clients.
If you stick to cidr you can also write your filter rules in cidr making
it far easier to read an maintain.
For the mapping, and bimapping consider this:
The /24 network you want to map, it contains at most 254 hosts. If you
map that network to a single ip, then each host can establish at least
256 simultaneous connections. My experience is that this is far mor than
needed in most normal operating environments. I'd suggest using the same
ip as on the firewall external interface.
If the purpose of binatting is to make one service available, http say,
then you may consider using rdr. IIRC you can also use rdr to round
robin load balancing incoming connections.
That way you can have one host serving http and another serving smtp on
the same external ip. The only reason to use different ip's is if you're
hosting a number of https servers, each need a different ip.
There's no point in bimapping all ports on a external ip to one single
internal ip if most of them are blocked by the filter.
Thank you again for your advice.
Due to historical reasons I can not just take a /29 or /30 block out of
the middle of the cidr I will ultimately use -- this FreeBSD server will
implement a firewall on an existing connection replacing an old Cisco
router that only NAT'd. So I will see if things can work with "just"
one "map" with portmaps.
Please note that the "-" for the range syntax is documented in several
places, not just the FreeBSD handbook and should probably be fixed.
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