Robin Becker wrote:
1) is this a recognized form of attack? I can see that it could be used for password harvesting and traffic interception, but are there other implications.
ip spoofing is a well known attack.
2) Are there ways to mitigate this kind of problem? We have other hosted servers on machines with similar (root) access. They presumably could also be impersonated. We found this out by inspection of our own log files; could the provider be doing something more to prevent this?
All hosts and routers hold a local dynamic table of arp addresses and their corresponding ip addresses. Since the ip may change, these are held only for one minute and each node only keeps the addresses they actually communicate with.
When some node need to communicate with another node it does not know the arp address of it sends out an arp request "WHO-HAS" to all nodes on the network.
If two nodes uses the same ip, they will both respond and it is somewhat random who "wins". But one can use an attack called "arp cache poisoning" to make a particular arp address appear.
There is a solution to this problem: Static arp-tables. This requires that your provider in the router adds machines arp addresses and their ip addresses in a static table. Static by nature these are not flushed so the spoofing will fail.
Only the nodes that maintain a static arp table will ignore the spoofing, so if you need to communicate with other hosts on the network these need also to have the static table.
It is likely that your provider don't want to do the trouble of maintaining a static table. To prove the problem to them you can use arpwatch to monitor changes and document the problem.
You may also use arping to ping arp addresses, this may help you claim your ip - like the arp cache poisoning attack. This means that the other host will loose connection and maybe make the admin aware that there are problems.
But the real solution is to get to the administrator of the offending host and make him change the ip. Your provider should keep track of who has been assigned which ip. If someone else in error uses your ip, some other ip must be free and the provider should be able to identify who it is.
Unfortunately, AFIAK there is no way of identifying which machine is offending from analysing the network traffic, but the arp address is normally printed on the network interfaces so physical inspection will do it.
Things get complicated, because it is possible to change the arp address. This means that you can set your arp address to the same as the offending host.
If you're connected by a hub or a wireless network, both will get traffic to both hosts and it really becomes a mess if both try to respond. If you're on a switched network no one knows who gets the packets.
This arp spoofing is the ultimate way of hiding yourself behind someone else (or the other way round).
I once had ip's static assigned on a network, but users couldn't figure out what these numbers were and every once in a while someone would use the routers ip as their own ip taking down the entire network. That was when I learned about dhcp! (and all the arp spoofing stuff).
Note, ARP is the protocol, the network interface address is often called MAC.
Cheers, Erik -- Ph: +34.666334818 web: http://www.locolomo.org X.509 Certificate: http://www.locolomo.org/crt/8D03551FFCE04F0C.crt Key ID: 69:79:B8:2C:E3:8F:E7:BE:5D:C3:C3:B1:74:62:B8:3F:9F:1F:69:B9 _______________________________________________ firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"