To fight spam, I want to validate the address (not necessarily in real-time) of the a given email sender. Is there a Unix tool that does this?
The basics are simple: to validate "[EMAIL PROTECTED]", I connect to the MX record of wnonline.net and go as far as "RCPT TO" as follows:
host -t mx wnonline.net
wnonline.net mail is handled by 5 wnspf.bayou.com.
telnet wnspf.bayou.com. 25
Trying 18.104.22.168... Connected to wnspf.bayou.com.. Escape character is '^]'. 220 Welcome to Bayou mxfilter HELO domaintester.com 250 mxfilter.bayou.com MAIL FROM: <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> 250 Ok RCPT TO: <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> 550 <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>: Recipient address rejected: 5.1.1 <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>... User unknown QUIT 221 Bye Connection closed by foreign host. This tells me [EMAIL PROTECTED] is an invalid address and that mail from that address is probably bogus. A more sophisticated tool would cache results, handle temporary failures (eg, inability to connect to the MX server), handle multiple MX records, perhaps even publish results [carefully, to avoid giving spammers a source of legit email addresses!], etc. Plus, I'd prefer to use a tested tool vs hacking something up myself. I realize this technique is far from perfect: Spammers spoof legit addresses Bounces/Mailing lists/etc legitimately use "do not reply" addresses It could be considered unfriendly to the target MX servers Some mail servers incorrectly say "user unknown" when they see spam, figuring it's more of a deterrent than saying "you're a spammer" Some mail servers inefficiently accept mail for "[EMAIL PROTECTED]" (where xxx.com is one of their domains), figure out if foo exists later, and send a bounce back to the envelope sender, instead of rejecting email at the SMTP level (a really good tool would create throwaway addresses to catch these cases too) ... but I still think it might help. -- We're just a Bunch Of Regular Guys, a collective group that's trying to understand and assimilate technology. We feel that resistance to new ideas and technology is unwise and ultimately futile. _______________________________________________ firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"