Several months ago I bought a bigger (IDE) disk and set about the task of moving a FreeBSD 6.1 STABLE #0 system to teh new disk. I did the fdisk, boot0cfg and bsdlabel stuff and dumps piped to restores to get all the bytes moved. I thought all was well so I got lazy and never removed the old disk.

After doing an update this week via make buildworld etc, I realized that the box was still booting from the old small drive and loading an old kernel before mounting everything mentioned in /etc/fstab.


I used fdisk to make the 1st slice of teh new disk active, edited fstab to change all the ad2s1x entries to ad0s1x, disconnected the first drive and moved the new drive to the first IDE channel. No joy.

I used bsdlabel -e to change my "/" partition from ad2s1d to ad2s1a (sysinstall disklabel would not let me assign "a" to a partition on the second disk). Still no joy and worse, it wouldn't boot even with the first disk in place.

I managed to get it booting with both drives installed again, but now it wants my fstab entries to be "ad2a", "ad2e" etc. It doesn't like the "ad2s1x" stuff in there any more. Then for the heck of it, I disconnected the first drive, left the new drive on the second channel and it booted just fine!

here's fdisk output:

[EMAIL PROTECTED] ~]# fdisk
******* Working on device /dev/ad2 *******
parameters extracted from in-core disklabel are:
cylinders=119705 heads=16 sectors/track=255 (4080 blks/cyl)

Figures below won't work with BIOS for partitions not in cyl 1
parameters to be used for BIOS calculations are:
cylinders=119705 heads=16 sectors/track=255 (4080 blks/cyl)

Media sector size is 512
Warning: BIOS sector numbering starts with sector 1
Information from DOS bootblock is:
The data for partition 1 is:
<UNUSED>
The data for partition 2 is:
<UNUSED>
The data for partition 3 is:
<UNUSED>
The data for partition 4 is:
sysid 165 (0xa5),(FreeBSD/NetBSD/386BSD)
   start 0, size 50000 (24 Meg), flag 80 (active)
       beg: cyl 0/ head 0/ sector 1;
       end: cyl 1023/ head 254/ sector 63

I don't know why part #4 is active when I marked #1 active earlier tonight... and the disk is way bigger than 24 MB as shown by df -h:
[EMAIL PROTECTED] ~]# df -h
Filesystem    Size    Used   Avail Capacity  Mounted on
/dev/ad2a     1.9G    191M    1.6G    10%    /
devfs         1.0K    1.0K      0B   100%    /dev
/dev/ad2e     1.9G    2.4M    1.8G     0%    /tmp
/dev/ad2g     176G    7.8G    154G     5%    /usr
/dev/ad2f      44G    558M     40G     1%    /var
devfs         1.0K    1.0K      0B   100%    /var/named/dev

and here's bsdlabel:

[EMAIL PROTECTED] ~]# bsdlabel ad2
# /dev/ad2:
8 partitions:
#        size   offset    fstype   [fsize bsize bps/cpg]
 a:  4194304        0    4.2BSD     2048 16384 28552
 b:  4194304  4194304      swap
c: 488397168 0 unused 0 0 # "raw" part, don't edit
 e:  4194304  8388608    4.2BSD     2048 16384 28552
 f: 94371840 12582912    4.2BSD     2048 16384 28552
 g: 381442416 106954752    4.2BSD     2048 16384 28552

How do I make this "ad0" instead of "ad2"?

            TIA   ...jgm







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