On Mon, Jun 16, 2008 at 6:41 PM,  <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
> Hi folks,
> Up to now, when I'm installing my FreeBSD boxes I download the latest RELEASE 
> iso-image for my platform. These days I used 7.0-RELEASE. For security fixes 
> I use the provided patches as mentioned in the security advisories.
> Since a long time I'm asking myself the following questions and I don't find 
> answers in the handbook (e.g. 
> http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/releng/article.html) or 
> other ressources:
> 1. Some SA's say that the a bug is corrected in a particular RELENG or 
> RELEASE or a patched RELEASE. For example FreeBSD-SA-08:05.openssh states 
> that >>RELENG_7_0, 7.0-RELEASE-p1<<. But where can I get a -p1??? I've never 
> seen iso-images for a x.y-RELEASE-pnn. Is this the time where I need to build 
> a release (as iso-image) by myself? If so, what branch-tag do I need to get 
> 7.0-RELEASE-p1?
> 2. I understood that there are two different development branches, >>HEAD aka 
> CURRENT<< and >>STABLE<<. I avoid using these branches because I'm not a 
> developer. Thats the reason why I only want to use RELEASES. But what the 
> hell is a "RELENG"??? Why are these things not called 7.0-CURRENT or 
> 7.0-STABLE and so on (and 7.0-RELEASE for me)? Maybe I've a problem to 
> understand this because I'm not really familar with CVSup.
> 3. I played around with jails these days and I had my first contact with 
> "make world". Despite the inconsistencies in the handbook where the 
> jail-chapter instructs to use "make world" and the rebuilding world part 
> warns explicitly and proposes "make buildworld" (but the Makefile tells me 
> that the target >>world<< stands for "buildworld + installworld, no kernel" 
> which seems okay?!), does it make sense to use "make buildworld" also when 
> I'm not updating to another RELEASE? As it compiles everything on my machine 
> (it autodetects my CPU and features?!) I guess the system should perform 
> better?! Is it possible or common to update to the latest source tree (where 
> latest means I want to stay at the current RELEASE but want to have all 
> patches like 7.0-RELEASE-p1)? Or results an updating process of the source 
> tree always in a switch to STABLE or CURRENT (depending on the branch tag in 
> CVSup config?)?
> Many thanks in advance to everyone who puts me in the right direction. Before 
> posting to the list I read some documents (mainly the handbook), but maybe I 
> missed some small but important sentences. Thanks!
> cheers,
> Ede

There are two branches of FreeBSD. The STABLE branch, and the CURRENT
branch. The CURRENT branch is like the "alpha". It has the most-recent
code changes, and it is not very stable. The STABLE branch is more
stable, but it is still considered a development branch.
Every so often, the STABLE branch is considered stable enough to make
a new release version. All the RELEASE is, is a snapshot of the code
at a specific time.

^ That page explains all the RELENG tags, in terms of branches and releases.

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