our dual pentium3 1GHz with 2G ram and 8 18G scsi drives (server holds
4) should be arriving in about 1 week. my son and i want to this up as
proper server rather than as a desktopish installation being used as a
server. it will serve primarily websites (static html) and email for
virtual domains as well as implement dns.
from the handbook, we are learning
1. how to installing scsi drives (we have some old 2G) from #18.3
2. about software raid #18.4.1 (because we don't have a hardware
solution and i guess you really don't have anything to figure out with
3. about geom #19 and vinum #20
4. about raid principles in general from wikipedia
after a first reading, some initial questions about items:
3. it seems that geom just does striping and mirroring, but vinum
offers more configurability and is really the preferred choice?
4.1 with 4 18G drives one thought is to do a raid1, but we really
don't want 3 identical copies. is the only way to have 2 36G mirrors,
by using raid0+1 or raid1+0?
4.2 another possibility is to do raid0, but is that ever wise unless
you desperately need the space since in our situation you run a 1/4
chance of going down completely?
4.3 is striping or mirroring faster as far as i/o goes (or does the
difference really matter)? i would have thought the former, but the
handbook says "Striping requires somewhat more effort to locate the
data, and it can cause additional I/O load where a transfer is spread
over multiple disks" #20.3
4.4 vinum introduces raid5 with striping and data integrity, but
exactly what are the parity blocks? furthermore, since the data is
striped, how can the parity blocks rebuild anything from a hard drive
that has crashed? surely, the data from each drive can't be duplicated
somehow over all the drives though #20.5.2 Redundant Data Storage has
me scratching my head! if there is complete mirroring, wouldn't the
disk space be cut in half as with raid1?
this is all very interesting and very new to us.
... with you on your journey
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