Marc Coyles wrote:
Am running freebsd-update following instructions at
http://www.daemonology.net/blog/2007-11-11-freebsd-major-version-upgrade.html

It’s decided that it can’t merge named.conf changes automagically and has
dropped me into vi with the file open… looking as below. What exactly is it
wanting me to do? T’isn’t particularly clear, and this is the first time
I’ve ever attempted an upgrade…

It's [apparently] expecting you to use vi to create a named.conf
that will work, and showing you the contents of both the old
named.conf and the one found in 7.0-RELEASE.  I'm not familiar
with freebsd-update (still using the old csup/buildworld routine)
but it sure look like mergemaster, more or less, except that
mergemaster not only allowed you to leave it until later and
do the merge "by hand" but also had a two-column "diff" with
a selector routine, so you could create a "merged" version
on-the-fly.

Is the box an important DNS server?  What happens if you just
save the file as is and try and come back to it later? (YMMV,
standard disclaimer, and all that).  if you've *never* edited
named.conf before, you'd probably be OK to just remove all the
current version stuff in favor of the 7.0-RELEASE stuff, *but*
generally all my boxen *have* been altered, so that wouldn't
work.

<<<<<<< current version
include "/etc/namedb/rndc.key";

controls {
        inet 127.0.0.1 allow { localhost; } keys { "rndc-key"; };
};

// $FreeBSD: src/etc/namedb/named.conf,v 1.21.2.1 2005/09/10 08:27:27 dougb
Exp
$
=======
// $FreeBSD: src/etc/namedb/named.conf,v 1.26.4.1 2008/01/13 20:48:23 dougb
Exp
$
7.0-RELEASE
//
// Refer to the named.conf(5) and named(8) man pages, and the documentation
// in /usr/share/doc/bind9 for more details.
//
// If you are going to set up an authoritative server, make sure you
// understand the hairy details of how DNS works.  Even with
// simple mistakes, you can break connectivity for affected parties,
// or cause huge amounts of useless Internet traffic.

options {
<<<<<<< current version
        pid-file "/var/run/named/pid";
=======
        // Relative to the chroot directory, if any
7.0-RELEASE
        directory       "/etc/namedb";
        dump-file       "/var/dump/named_dump.db";
        statistics-file "/var/stats/named.stats";

// If named is being used only as a local resolver, this is a safe default.
// For named to be accessible to the network, comment this option, specify
// the proper IP address, or delete this option.
        listen-on       { 127.0.0.1; };

// If you have IPv6 enabled on this system, uncomment this option for
// use as a local resolver.  To give access to the network, specify
// an IPv6 address, or the keyword "any".
//      listen-on-v6    { ::1; };

// These zones are already covered by the empty zones listed below.
// If you remove the related empty zones below, comment these lines out.
        disable-empty-zone "255.255.255.255.IN-ADDR.ARPA";
        disable-empty-zone
"0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.
0.0.0.0.0.0.IP6.ARPA";
        disable-empty-zone
"1.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.
0.0.0.0.0.0.IP6.ARPA";

// In addition to the "forwarders" clause, you can force your name
// server to never initiate queries of its own, but always ask its
// forwarders only, by enabling the following line:
//
//      forward only;
// If you've got a DNS server around at your upstream provider, enter
// its IP address here, and enable the line below.  This will make you
// benefit from its cache, thus reduce overall DNS traffic in the Internet.
/*
        forwarders {
                127.0.0.1;
        };
*/
        /*
         * If there is a firewall between you and nameservers you want
         * to talk to, you might need to uncomment the query-source
         * directive below.  Previous versions of BIND always asked
         * questions using port 53, but BIND versions 8 and later
         * use a pseudo-random unprivileged UDP port by default.
         */
        // query-source address * port 53;
};

// If you enable a local name server, don't forget to enter 127.0.0.1
// first in your /etc/resolv.conf so this server will be queried.
// Also, make sure to enable it in /etc/rc.conf.

// The traditional root hints mechanism. Use this, OR the slave zones below.
zone "." { type hint; file "named.root"; };

/*      Slaving the following zones from the root name servers has some
        significant advantages:
        1. Faster local resolution for your users
        2. No spurious traffic will be sent from your network to the roots
        3. Greater resilience to any potential root server failure/DDoS

        On the other hand, this method requires more monitoring than the
        hints file to be sure that an unexpected failure mode has not
        incapacitated your server.  Name servers that are serving a lot
        of clients will benefit more from this approach than individual
        hosts.  Use with caution.

        To use this mechanism, uncomment the entries below, and comment
        the hint zone above.
*/
/*
zone "." {
<<<<<<< current version
        type hint;
        file "/etc/namedb/named.root";
=======
        type slave;
        file "slave/root.slave";
        masters {
                192.5.5.241;    // F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
        };
        notify no;
7.0-RELEASE
};
<<<<<<< current version

zone "0.0.127.IN-ADDR.ARPA" {
        type master;
        file "/etc/namedb/localhost.rev";
=======
zone "arpa" {
        type slave;
        file "slave/arpa.slave";
        masters {
                192.5.5.241;    // F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
        };
        notify no;
7.0-RELEASE
};
<<<<<<< current version

// RFC 3152
zone
"1.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.IP6.ARPA"
{
        type master;
        file "/etc/namedb/localhost-v6.rev";
=======
zone "in-addr.arpa" {
        type slave;
        file "slave/in-addr.arpa.slave";
        masters {
                192.5.5.241;    // F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
        };
        notify no;
7.0-RELEASE
};
*/

/*      Serving the following zones locally will prevent any queries
        for these zones leaving your network and going to the root
        name servers.  This has two significant advantages:
        1. Faster local resolution for your users
        2. No spurious traffic will be sent from your network to the roots


(no other <<<current or >>>>7.0-RELEASE beyond this point…

Marc A Coyles
ICT Support Team (ext 730)
Mbl: 07850 518106

Good luck,

Kevin Kinsey

--
The three best things about going to school are June, July, and August.
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