On Tue, 23 Sep 2008 11:37:00 -0400 Jerry McAllister <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 23, 2008 at 11:04:13AM -0400, Joachim Rosenfeld wrote: > > > When mirroring a disk with dd, I notice that a blocksize of 512 runs > > awfully slow, but with bs=1MB (2^10bytes), it runs fairly quickly. > > > > Can someone explain the implications of this? Did all the data not > > copy properly with the larger blocksize? > > If you are on a beach moving sand and you pick up one grain at a > time and move it, it will take a very long time because the overhead > of moving yourself is much higher than the amount of sand moved. > If you use the largest bucket or scoop that you can handle, then > it goes much faster because the same body motions result in much > more being moved. Moving data has a similar dynamic. I tried playing around with this once, and I found that the speed rose rapidly up to a certain blocksize, then levelled-out for a decade or so and then dropped to half of the peak speed. IIRC in that particular case the optimum range was something like 20k-200k. I presume what happens is that you can make the blocksize too big for the other buffering, and end-up alternating reads and writes rather than doing them in parallel. _______________________________________________ firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"