hi sirs,

thanks to all who give me good helps and hints on my
problem.  but i afraid that i really need to replace
hard disk.  i try David Wolfskill's last help but
fialed.  i mean i could not re-allocate hard disk

but that is /home partion.  my other partion such as
/usr /var / are still clean.

at this time i simply want to backup /var ( actually
is mysql data), /etc and /usr/local/www/data,  should
only dump enough for backup ?

once again thanks so much to all of you.

--- David Wolfskill <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
> >Date: Sun, 29 Jun 2003 00:17:27 -0700 (PDT)
> >From: manee <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
> >Subject: Re: hard disk error , run fsck manually
> >To: David Wolfskill <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
> >i got , after running fsck -p
> >       /dev/ad0s2g (/home)
> >so that i ran fsck
> OK.
> >and the following messages come
> >Phase 1
> >ad0s2g: hard error reading fsbn 98971950 of
> >21364912-21365023( ad0s2 nb 98971950; cn 6160 tn
> 183
> >sn 21) status=59 error=40;
> >CAN NOT READ: BLK 21364912
> >continue? [yn]
> >i had to hit y and a few messages simila to the
> above
> >popped up and before Phase 2 started, i got
> Well, you had data on your disk that is no longer
> readable.
> If you are lucky, you may be able to get the disk to
> re-allocate some of
> the "bad sectors".  If there were more than about 6
> or 8 of these,
> though, I suspect that you will need to replace the
> disk soon enough
> that it is not worth your time.
> To try to get the disk to re-allocate block
> 21364912, I would do:
>       dd bs=512 count=1 if=/dev/zero of=/dev/ad0s2g
> seek=21364912
> Note that this has a very high probability of
> ensuring that whatever
> data is now written to block 21364912 is different
> from what it had
> been; its only "saving grace" is that it is data
> that may possibly be
> readable
> Once you have done this for each block that was
> reported as "CAN NOT
> READ: BLK xxxx", then re-run fsck.  Because things
> are almost assuredly
> going to be inconsistent, you may wish to merely do
>       fsck -y
> An alternate, and possibly faster approach would be
> to skip the fsck
> altogether, and just use "newfs".  Of course, that
> will obliterate any
> data you once had on the file system, and you would
> then need to
> reconstruct the data -- from backups or other
> sources.
> But then, you may well need to do that anyway,
> especially for files
> affected by the bad blocks.
> >at this ponit i had to edit /etc/fstab and put
> /home
> >as read only in order to bring system up and
> running.
> Seems that you have a disk drive that is getting bad
> enough that its
> continued usefulness is in question.

with best regards,


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