> > What about the toor user? > I think it has no shell associated. > > Hope that helps. bye. > > -------------------------- > Hi, > > i wanted to change the shell for user root to bash. > in the freebsd online handbook i found this command:
Don't set a password on the real root account or log in to it. For some little measure of safety, leave it starred '*' out. Just make your own root account if it is your machine and you will have the ability to have a root account. Use 'vipw' to edit the passwd file - it also updates master.passwd when you exit and write changes. Copy the entry for toor and replace the username and the information fields and the home directory and shell fields. Then set a password for this account and create the home directory and make sure the shell is in /etc/shells. The gory details in an example: Lets say your name is Clyde. - Make yourself root - either su, or go to single user and mount everything or whatever. - use vipw to edit the passwd file. Make a copy of the toor entry (Don't modify toor itself for reasons of cleanness and to avoid possible problems (unlikely nowdays, but) during upgrades. NOTE: Fields in the passwd file are separated with a colon (:). - then edit the _copy_ to change the username field from toor to Rclyde - Leave the uid and gid fields the same. - Modify the field that says something like 'Bourne-again Superuser' to say something like 'Clyde root account' (just for information) - modify the home(login) directory field that says /root to be /root/Rclyde - add /usr/local/bin/bash or whatever shell you want after the last (:) NOTE: Do not add another colon (:) after the shell field - write changes and exit the editor ':wq' - set a password for Rclyde 'passwd Rclyde' - make sure you include the username Rclyde because otherwise you will set the real root's password. - Create the home directory for Rclyde 'mkdir /root/Rclyde' - use some editor, probably vi to edit /etc/shells and make sure that /usr/local/bin/bash is listed. Now you should be able to log in as Rclyde with a root ability account and have bash as your shell and not skrew up root's shell which should stay /bin/sh for those times it is needed, as in when you are cleaning up some mess that can only be done in single user with none of the other filesystems mounted. You can also set up a nice convenient environment with .login, .bashrc, .cshrc, etc depending on shell and what you like, that suits you and doesn't make the real root requite stuff that might not be available when you are cleaning up messes in single user. NOTE: I don't use bash and haven't installed it, so if it installs somewhere other than /usr/local/bin/bash, make sure you use that instead of what I put in this example. ////jerry _______________________________________________ [EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"