On Tue, 17 Feb 2004, Saint Aardvark the Carpeted wrote:

> Jack L. Stone disturbed my sleep to write:
> > This would be the steps:
> > - grep(1) the new string and pipe to sed(1) ..??
> > - sed(1) to find the old string & replace with the new string in a file.
> > Am I on the right track....??
> I think so, yeah -- something like this should work:
>       #!/bin/sh
>       new=`grep foo /path/to/bar`
>       old=`cat /path/to/oldvariable`
>       sed -i.bak -e "s/$old/$new/" /file/to/edit
> Note that I'm using double quotes (") rather than the single quotes (')
> you usually see with sed scripts; that's so I can use $newvariable
> and still have the varible substituted in.  This assumes there's nothing
> in $old or $new that would need to be escaped (quotes, slashes, etc).
> Also, my simplistic example for grep and cat assumes that the product of
> each is the thing you need to search/replace and nothing else -- if you
> need the third field (say), look at awk(1).  The "-i" option tells sed
> to edit the file in place, but keep a backup named "/file/to/edit.bak".
> Another, and maybe more robust approach, to editing the file would be to
> try Perl, Programming Language of the Elder Gods.  (Yeah, I'm a fan. :-).
> The last line could be replaced by:
>       perl -i.bak -new="$new" -old="$old" -e's/$old/$new/' \
>               /file/to/edit
> ...which would be a way of getting difficult values of new and old into
> single quotes.
> HTH,
> Hugh

Hugh: Thanks for the reply. This gives me two interesting approaches which
should do the job.

Appreciate it.....
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