> I compile a test C file. I notice there are a few lines at the
> beginning of the assembly code. I want to know what it means, but
> can't figure out one of them. Can anyone tell me what the
> following line does please?
> 
> and    $0xfffffff0,%esp

Hmmm, when I compile the simplest possible C file:

-------------------------------
int
main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
  return 0;
}
--------------------------------

I get this:

--------------------------------
        .file   "test1.c"
        .version        "01.01"
gcc2_compiled.:
.text
        .p2align 2,0x90
.globl main
                .type            main,@function
main:
        pushl %ebp
        movl %esp,%ebp
        xorl %eax,%eax
        jmp .L2
        .p2align 2,0x90
.L2:
        leave
        ret
.Lfe1:
                .size            main,.Lfe1-main
        .ident  "GCC: (GNU) c 2.95.4 20020320 [FreeBSD]"

--------------------------------

No such thing as:

and    $0xfffffff0,%esp

Are you using gcc 3.3.x?

Anyway, this code looks like it would align the stack
the stack pointer...

> best regards
> Chungwei

-- 
Cordula's Web. http://www.cordula.ws/

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