> > Hi community, > > I would like to transfer the contents of an hard disk > partition,in which is installed FreeBSD (in another partition > is installed NetBSD and another one is unused),to another hard disk. > The recipient hard disk will have only FreeBSD,and is capable to get > all the data from the original. > I guess I would perform such operation in a way like > disk image software for Windows (System Commander, > Norton Ghost) does.I've seen on previous postings the use > of command like 'dd' or 'ioctl',but I don't know if they > are appropriate or not. > In a few words,my goal is to have a bootable hard disk > with my FreeBSD and data,like the original one,original one that > I'm going to use for other purposes.
Does the NetBSD also need to be bootable? You really need to include the fdisk information too so we can see what the slices actually are - note you have a FreeBSD 'slice' not partition, in the FreeBSD world, and within that FreeBSD slice you have three partitions - a, b and e. You say you also have a NetBSD slice and an unused slice, but don't show anything. The fdisk output would at least show that. do: fdisk -v da0 > fdisk.out or fdisk -v ad0 > fdisk.out Then include the contents of fdisk.out in the message. Unless the new disk is identical in every way to the old one, you don't want to bother with dd or any of the other so-called imaging utilities. Even if they are identical, they represent the less reliable way. In general, I would recommend doing a fdisk on the new disk to make the slices and then disklabel the FreeBSD slice and newfs the newly created partitions. When you do the fdisk, make the FreeBSD slice bootable and put an MBR on it and in disklabel put a standard boot block in the slice. Then use dump(8) and restore(8) to copy the contents of each separate filesystem in the FreeBSD slice to the new filesystems on the new disk. You do not need to use tape for the dump. Just mount the new file system, to some alternate mount point such as /newroot. cd in to it and then pipe a dump of the old file system to a full restore in the new one. There used to be an example of this in the dump and restore man pages but I don't see it now. Maybe it was in man pages on another OS. You only need to do this for the root (a) and other big file system (e) (is it mounted as /usr?) Don't try to copy the swap partition. This is the most reliable way. Presuming that your e partition mounts as /usr and you did the fdisk, disklabel and newfs of the new disk OK. Also, presuming it is SCSI disk. If it is IDE, then da1s1a becomes ad1s1a, etc. recommend doing this in single user mode So, after rebooting in to single user. mount -a mkdir /newroot mount /dev/da1s1a /newroot cd /newroot dump 0af - / | restore -rf - mkdir /newusr mount /dev/da1s1e /newusr cd /newusr dump 0af - /usr | restore -rf - Since you don't show anything about the NetBSD slice, it is hard to know what to do with it. You might actually be able to use the dump/restore for it too if you can mount it in a running FreeBSD. Of course, there is no point in trying to copy the unused slice. ////jerry > > FreeBSD seekingjob.singles.it 4.9-RC FreeBSD 4.9-RC #0: Wed Oct 15 00:12:26 CEST > 2003 root@:/usr/obj/usr/src/sys/CURRENT_WITH_WINE_OPTIONS i386 > ------------------------------------------------------------- > For complete information,even in the case you don't need it, > I include the disklabel command output of my original > FreeBSD disk: > > 8 partitions: > # size offset fstype [fsize bsize bps/cpg] > a: 163840 0 4.2BSD 1024 8192 16 # (Cyl. 0 - 10*) > b: 532480 163840 swap # (Cyl. 10*- 46*) > c: 61432497 0 unused 0 0 # (Cyl. 0 - 4062*) > e: 60736177 696320 4.2BSD 1024 8192 16 # (Cyl. 46*- 4062*) > > /dev/ad2s1e: > type: ESDI > disk: ad2s1 > label: > flags: > bytes/sector: 512 > sectors/track: 63 > tracks/cylinder: 240 > sectors/cylinder: 15120 > cylinders: 4062 > sectors/unit: 61432497 > rpm: 3600 > interleave: 1 > trackskew: 0 > cylinderskew: 0 > headswitch: 0 # milliseconds > track-to-track seek: 0 # milliseconds > drivedata: 0 > ------------------------------------------- > Thank you > Bruno > > > --- > [Quipo ISP - Questa E-mail e' stata controllata dal programma Declude Virus] > [Quipo ISP - This E-mail was scanned for viruses by Declude Virus] > > _______________________________________________ > [EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list > http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions > To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]" > > _______________________________________________ [EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"