Hardware: SuperMicro X5DE8-GG motherboard, dual Xeon 2.8Ghz, 2GB memory. Using onboard SCSI controller for disks, onboard IDE for DVD burner. DVD burner is a Pioneer DVR-108.
Software: cdrecord and/or cdrecord-ProDVD. Problem: CD burning Always Fails. Failure mode is 100% repeatable and consistent: cdrecord: Input/output error. write_g1: scsi sendcmd: retryable error CDB: 2A 00 00 00 01 55 00 00 1F 00 status: 0x2 (CHECK CONDITION) Sense Bytes: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 Sense Key: 0xFFFFFFFF , Segment 0 Sense Code: 0x00 Qual 0x00 (no additional sense information) Fru 0x0 Sense flags: Blk 0 (not valid) cmd finished after 0.000s timeout 40s write track data: error after 698368 bytes Sense Bytes: 70 00 02 00 00 00 00 0E 00 00 00 00 04 08 00 00 00 00 Mr. Schilling says "Install a non-defective kernel." I am assuming that this doesn't mean "some other OS". Googling around on the CDB bytes turns up lots of people with cabling problems, especially on SCSI busses. Googling around on FreeBSD and 698368 turns up someone who needed the P1003_1B option added to a kernel. (It's now just the _KPOSIX option, and it's already in there.) I got as far as putting in the atapicam and related devices. This happens whether or not I leave the atapicd driver in place. (dmesg output below is without.) I enclose dmesg and config file as attachments for perusal. I am Very Worried by the observation that the CD is claiming a 3.300MB/sec transfer rate: cd0 at ata0 bus 0 target 0 lun 0 cd0: <PIONEER DVD-RW DVR-108 1.10> Removable CD-ROM SCSI-0 device cd0: 3.300MB/s transfers This is almost certainly incorrect; it should be ATA66, and I have an 80-pin cable. I'm not *totally* hopeless: # cat /boot/loader.conf hw.ata.atapi_dma="1" but I can't tell whether that's fixed anything. My hypothesis is that I have somehow failed to persuade the kernel to Really And Truly do DMA on this device, and that it's fallen back on a pathetically slow and inappropriate PIO mode. Clues will be gratefully appreciated; also, since I've seen other people with similar problems, if I can find a fix, I will write about it and put lots of happy Google-friendly keywords in it so fewer people will ask in the future. Dmesg output: --- Copyright (c) 1992-2004 The FreeBSD Project. Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. FreeBSD 5.2.1-RELEASE #0: Thu Oct 14 20:07:13 EDT 2004 [EMAIL PROTECTED]:/usr/src/sys/i386/compile/JPC Preloaded elf kernel "/boot/kernel/kernel" at 0xc09e8000. MPTable: <AMI GCHE > Timecounter "i8254" frequency 1193182 Hz quality 0 CPU: Intel(R) Xeon(TM) CPU 2.80GHz (2800.12-MHz 686-class CPU) Origin = "GenuineIntel" Id = 0xf25 Stepping = 5 Features=0xbfebfbff<FPU,VME,DE,PSE,TSC,MSR,PAE,MCE,CX8,APIC,SEP,MTRR,PGE,MCA,CMOV,PAT,PSE36,CLFLUSH,DTS,ACPI,MMX,FXSR,SSE,SSE2,SS,HTT,TM,PBE> Hyperthreading: 2 logical CPUs real memory = 2147483648 (2048 MB) avail memory = 2080739328 (1984 MB) FreeBSD/SMP: Multiprocessor System Detected: 4 CPUs cpu0 (BSP): APIC ID: 0 cpu1 (AP): APIC ID: 1 cpu2 (AP): APIC ID: 6 cpu3 (AP): APIC ID: 7 ioapic0: Assuming intbase of 0 ioapic1: Assuming intbase of 16 ioapic2: Assuming intbase of 32 ioapic3: Assuming intbase of 48 ioapic0 <Version 1.1> irqs 0-15 on motherboard ioapic1 <Version 1.1> irqs 16-31 on motherboard ioapic2 <Version 1.1> irqs 32-47 on motherboard ioapic3 <Version 1.1> irqs 48-63 on motherboard Pentium Pro MTRR support enabled npx0: [FAST] npx0: <math processor> on motherboard npx0: INT 16 interface pcibios: BIOS version 2.10 Using $PIR table, 11 entries at 0xc00f4a20 pcib0: <MPTable Host-PCI bridge> at pcibus 0 on motherboard pci0: <PCI bus> on pcib0 pcib0: slot 8 INTA routed to irq 28 pcib0: slot 9 INTA routed to irq 26 pcib0: slot 10 INTA routed to irq 30 pcib0: slot 10 INTB routed to irq 31 pcib0: slot 11 INTA routed to irq 29 pcib0: slot 15 INTA routed to irq 17 pcib1: <MPTable PCI-PCI bridge> at device 6.0 on pci0 pci1: <PCI bus> on pcib1 pcib1: slot 8 INTA routed to irq 22 pcib1: slot 9 INTA routed to irq 23 pcib1: slot 9 INTB routed to irq 18 pcib1: slot 9 INTC routed to irq 19 fwohci0: <VIA VT6306> port 0xa800-0xa87f mem 0xfc8ff000-0xfc8ff7ff irq 22 at device 8.0 on pci1 fwohci0: OHCI version 1.0 (ROM=1) fwohci0: No. of Isochronous channel is 8. fwohci0: EUI64 00:11:06:00:00:00:50:66 fwohci0: Phy 1394a available S400, 3 ports. fwohci0: Link S400, max_rec 2048 bytes. firewire0: <IEEE1394(FireWire) bus> on fwohci0 fwe0: <Ethernet over FireWire> on firewire0 if_fwe0: Fake Ethernet address: 02:11:06:00:50:66 sbp0: <SBP-2/SCSI over FireWire> on firewire0 fwohci0: Initiate bus reset fwohci0: BUS reset fwohci0: node_id=0xc800ffc0, gen=1, CYCLEMASTER mode firewire0: 1 nodes, maxhop <= 0, cable IRM = 0 (me) firewire0: bus manager 0 (me) ohci0: <NEC uPD 9210 USB controller> mem 0xfc8fd000-0xfc8fdfff irq 23 at device 9.0 on pci1 usb0: OHCI version 1.0 usb0: <NEC uPD 9210 USB controller> on ohci0 usb0: USB revision 1.0 uhub0: NEC OHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1 uhub0: 3 ports with 3 removable, self powered ohci1: <NEC uPD 9210 USB controller> mem 0xfc8fe000-0xfc8fefff irq 18 at device 9.1 on pci1 usb1: OHCI version 1.0 usb1: <NEC uPD 9210 USB controller> on ohci1 usb1: USB revision 1.0 uhub1: NEC OHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1 uhub1: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered pci1: <serial bus, USB> at device 9.2 (no driver attached) em0: <Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Connection, Version - 1.7.19> port 0xc800-0xc83f mem 0xfea60000-0xfea7ffff irq 28 at device 8.0 on pci0 em0: Speed:N/A Duplex:N/A em1: <Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Connection, Version - 1.7.19> port 0xd000-0xd03f mem 0xfeba0000-0xfebbffff irq 26 at device 9.0 on pci0 em1: Speed:N/A Duplex:N/A ahd0: <Adaptec AIC7902 Ultra320 SCSI adapter> port 0xd400-0xd4ff,0xd800-0xd8ff mem 0xfebfa000-0xfebfbfff irq 30 at device 10.0 on pci0 aic7902: Ultra320 Wide Channel A, SCSI Id=7, PCI 33 or 66Mhz, 512 SCBs ahd1: <Adaptec AIC7902 Ultra320 SCSI adapter> port 0xe000-0xe0ff,0xe400-0xe4ff mem 0xfebfc000-0xfebfdfff irq 31 at device 10.1 on pci0 aic7902: Ultra320 Wide Channel B, SCSI Id=7, PCI 33 or 66Mhz, 512 SCBs pci0: <display, VGA> at device 11.0 (no driver attached) atapci0: <ServerWorks CSB6 UDMA100 controller> port 0xffa0-0xffaf,0x374-0x377,0x170-0x177,0x3f4-0x3f7,0x1f0-0x1f7 at device 15.1 on pci0 ata0: at 0x1f0 irq 14 on atapci0 ata0: [MPSAFE] ata1: at 0x170 irq 15 on atapci0 ata1: [MPSAFE] ohci2: <OHCI (generic) USB controller> mem 0xfebfe000-0xfebfefff irq 17 at device 15.2 on pci0 usb2: OHCI version 1.0, legacy support usb2: <OHCI (generic) USB controller> on ohci2 usb2: USB revision 1.0 uhub2: (0x1166) OHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1 uhub2: 4 ports with 4 removable, self powered isab0: <PCI-ISA bridge> at device 15.3 on pci0 isa0: <ISA bus> on isab0 pcib255: <ServerWorks host to PCI bridge(unknown chipset)> at pcibus 255 on motherboard pci255: <PCI bus> on pcib255 orm0: <Option ROM> at iomem 0xc0000-0xc7fff on isa0 pmtimer0 on isa0 atkbdc0: <Keyboard controller (i8042)> at port 0x64,0x60 on isa0 atkbd0: <AT Keyboard> flags 0x1 irq 1 on atkbdc0 kbd0 at atkbd0 fdc0: <Enhanced floppy controller (i82077, NE72065 or clone)> at port 0x3f7,0x3f0-0x3f5 irq 6 drq 2 on isa0 fdc0: FIFO enabled, 8 bytes threshold fd0: <1440-KB 3.5" drive> on fdc0 drive 0 ppc0: <Parallel port> at port 0x378-0x37f irq 7 on isa0 ppc0: Generic chipset (ECP/PS2/NIBBLE) in COMPATIBLE mode ppc0: FIFO with 16/16/8 bytes threshold ppbus0: <Parallel port bus> on ppc0 plip0: <PLIP network interface> on ppbus0 lpt0: <Printer> on ppbus0 lpt0: Interrupt-driven port ppi0: <Parallel I/O> on ppbus0 sc0: <System console> at flags 0x100 on isa0 sc0: VGA <16 virtual consoles, flags=0x300> sio0 at port 0x3f8-0x3ff irq 4 flags 0x10 on isa0 sio0: type 16550A sio1 at port 0x2f8-0x2ff irq 3 on isa0 sio1: type 16550A vga0: <Generic ISA VGA> at port 0x3c0-0x3df iomem 0xa0000-0xbffff on isa0 unknown: <PNP0303> can't assign resources (port) unknown: <PNP0501> can't assign resources (port) unknown: <PNP0501> can't assign resources (port) unknown: <PNP0401> can't assign resources (port) unknown: <PNP0700> can't assign resources (port) Timecounters tick every 10.000 msec Waiting 15 seconds for SCSI devices to settle GEOM: create disk cd0 dp=0xc83f9600 GEOM: create disk da0 dp=0xc8796850 GEOM: create disk da1 dp=0xc879f450 da0 at ahd0 bus 0 target 0 lun 0 da0: <FUJITSU MAP3367NP 0108> Fixed Direct Access SCSI-3 device da0: 320.000MB/s transfers (160.000MHz, offset 127, 16bit), Tagged Queueing Enabled da0: 35046MB (71775284 512 byte sectors: 255H 63S/T 4467C) da1 at ahd0 bus 0 target 1 lun 0 da1: <FUJITSU MAP3367NP 0108> Fixed Direct Access SCSI-3 device da1: 320.000MB/s transfers (160.000MHz, offset 127, 16bit), Tagged Queueing Enabled da1: 35046MB (71775284 512 byte sectors: 255H 63S/T 4467C) cd0 at ata0 bus 0 target 0 lun 0 cd0: <PIONEER DVD-RW DVR-108 1.10> Removable CD-ROM SCSI-0 device cd0: 3.300MB/s transfers cd0: cd present [1 x 2048 byte records] SMP: AP CPU #3 Launched! SMP: AP CPU #1 Launched! SMP: AP CPU #2 Launched! Mounting root from ufs:/dev/da0s1a em0: Link is up 100 Mbps Half Duplex --- Kernel config file: --- # # GENERIC -- Generic kernel configuration file for FreeBSD/i386 # # For more information on this file, please read the handbook section on # Kernel Configuration Files: # # http://www.FreeBSD.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/kernelconfig-config.html # # The handbook is also available locally in /usr/share/doc/handbook # if you've installed the doc distribution, otherwise always see the # FreeBSD World Wide Web server (http://www.FreeBSD.org/) for the # latest information. # # An exhaustive list of options and more detailed explanations of the # device lines is also present in the ../../conf/NOTES and NOTES files. # If you are in doubt as to the purpose or necessity of a line, check first # in NOTES. # # $FreeBSD: src/sys/i386/conf/GENERIC,v 1.394.2.3 2004/01/26 19:42:11 nectar Exp $ machine i386 cpu I486_CPU cpu I586_CPU cpu I686_CPU ident GENERIC #To statically compile in device wiring instead of /boot/device.hints #hints "GENERIC.hints" #Default places to look for devices. #makeoptions DEBUG=-g #Build kernel with gdb(1) debug symbols options SCHED_4BSD #4BSD scheduler options INET #InterNETworking options INET6 #IPv6 communications protocols options FFS #Berkeley Fast Filesystem options SOFTUPDATES #Enable FFS soft updates support options UFS_ACL #Support for access control lists options UFS_DIRHASH #Improve performance on big directories options MD_ROOT #MD is a potential root device options NFSCLIENT #Network Filesystem Client options NFSSERVER #Network Filesystem Server options NFS_ROOT #NFS usable as /, requires NFSCLIENT options MSDOSFS #MSDOS Filesystem options CD9660 #ISO 9660 Filesystem options PROCFS #Process filesystem (requires PSEUDOFS) options PSEUDOFS #Pseudo-filesystem framework options COMPAT_43 #Compatible with BSD 4.3 [KEEP THIS!] options COMPAT_FREEBSD4 #Compatible with FreeBSD4 options SCSI_DELAY=15000 #Delay (in ms) before probing SCSI options KTRACE #ktrace(1) support options SYSVSHM #SYSV-style shared memory options SYSVMSG #SYSV-style message queues options SYSVSEM #SYSV-style semaphores options _KPOSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULING #Posix P1003_1B real-time extensions options KBD_INSTALL_CDEV # install a CDEV entry in /dev options AHC_REG_PRETTY_PRINT # Print register bitfields in debug # output. Adds ~128k to driver. options AHD_REG_PRETTY_PRINT # Print register bitfields in debug # output. Adds ~215k to driver. options PFIL_HOOKS # pfil(9) framework # Debugging for use in -current #options DDB #Enable the kernel debugger #options INVARIANTS #Enable calls of extra sanity checking options INVARIANT_SUPPORT #Extra sanity checks of internal structures, required by INVARIANTS #options WITNESS #Enable checks to detect deadlocks and cycles #options WITNESS_SKIPSPIN #Don't run witness on spinlocks for speed # To make an SMP kernel, the next two are needed options SMP # Symmetric MultiProcessor Kernel device apic # I/O APIC device isa device eisa device pci # Floppy drives device fdc # ATA and ATAPI devices device ata device atadisk # ATA disk drives device ataraid # ATA RAID drives device atapicd # ATAPI CDROM drives device atapifd # ATAPI floppy drives device atapist # ATAPI tape drives options ATA_STATIC_ID #Static device numbering # SCSI Controllers device ahb # EISA AHA1742 family device ahc # AHA2940 and onboard AIC7xxx devices device ahd # AHA39320/29320 and onboard AIC79xx devices device amd # AMD 53C974 (Tekram DC-390(T)) device isp # Qlogic family device mpt # LSI-Logic MPT-Fusion #device ncr # NCR/Symbios Logic device sym # NCR/Symbios Logic (newer chipsets + those of `ncr') device trm # Tekram DC395U/UW/F DC315U adapters device adv # Advansys SCSI adapters device adw # Advansys wide SCSI adapters device aha # Adaptec 154x SCSI adapters device aic # Adaptec 15x SCSI adapters, AIC-660. device bt # Buslogic/Mylex MultiMaster SCSI adapters device ncv # NCR 53C500 device nsp # Workbit Ninja SCSI-3 device stg # TMC 18C30/18C50 # SCSI peripherals device atapicam # ATAPI support for CAM device scbus # SCSI bus (required for SCSI) device ch # SCSI media changers device da # Direct Access (disks) device sa # Sequential Access (tape etc) device cd # CD device pass # Passthrough device (direct SCSI access) device ses # SCSI Environmental Services (and SAF-TE) # RAID controllers interfaced to the SCSI subsystem device amr # AMI MegaRAID device asr # DPT SmartRAID V, VI and Adaptec SCSI RAID device ciss # Compaq Smart RAID 5* device dpt # DPT Smartcache III, IV - See NOTES for options device iir # Intel Integrated RAID device ips # IBM (Adaptec) ServeRAID device mly # Mylex AcceleRAID/eXtremeRAID # RAID controllers device aac # Adaptec FSA RAID device aacp # SCSI passthrough for aac (requires CAM) device ida # Compaq Smart RAID device mlx # Mylex DAC960 family device pst # Promise Supertrak SX6000 device twe # 3ware ATA RAID # atkbdc0 controls both the keyboard and the PS/2 mouse device atkbdc # AT keyboard controller device atkbd # AT keyboard device psm # PS/2 mouse device vga # VGA video card driver device splash # Splash screen and screen saver support # syscons is the default console driver, resembling an SCO console device sc # Enable this for the pcvt (VT220 compatible) console driver #device vt #options XSERVER # support for X server on a vt console #options FAT_CURSOR # start with block cursor device agp # support several AGP chipsets # Floating point support - do not disable. device npx # Power management support (see NOTES for more options) #device apm # Add suspend/resume support for the i8254. device pmtimer # PCCARD (PCMCIA) support # Pcmcia and cardbus bridge support device cbb # cardbus (yenta) bridge #device pcic # ExCA ISA and PCI bridges device pccard # PC Card (16-bit) bus device cardbus # CardBus (32-bit) bus # Serial (COM) ports device sio # 8250, 1650 based serial ports # Parallel port device ppc device ppbus # Parallel port bus (required) device lpt # Printer device plip # TCP/IP over parallel device ppi # Parallel port interface device #device vpo # Requires scbus and da # If you've got a "dumb" serial or parallel PCI card that is # supported by the puc(4) glue driver, uncomment the following # line to enable it (connects to the sio and/or ppc drivers): #device puc # PCI Ethernet NICs. device de # DEC/Intel DC21x4x (``Tulip'') device em # Intel PRO/1000 adapter Gigabit Ethernet Card device txp # 3Com 3cR990 (``Typhoon'') device vx # 3Com 3c590, 3c595 (``Vortex'') # PCI Ethernet NICs that use the common MII bus controller code. # NOTE: Be sure to keep the 'device miibus' line in order to use these NICs! device miibus # MII bus support device bfe # Broadcom BCM440x 10/100 ethernet device bge # Broadcom BCM570xx Gigabit Ethernet device dc # DEC/Intel 21143 and various workalikes device fxp # Intel EtherExpress PRO/100B (82557, 82558) device pcn # AMD Am79C97x PCI 10/100 (precedence over 'lnc') device re # RealTek 8139C+/8169/8169S/8110S device rl # RealTek 8129/8139 device sf # Adaptec AIC-6915 (``Starfire'') device sis # Silicon Integrated Systems SiS 900/SiS 7016 device sk # SysKonnect SK-984x and SK-982x gigabit ethernet device ste # Sundance ST201 (D-Link DFE-550TX) device ti # Alteon Networks Tigon I/II gigabit ethernet device tl # Texas Instruments ThunderLAN device tx # SMC EtherPower II (83c170 ``EPIC'') device vr # VIA Rhine, Rhine II device wb # Winbond W89C840F device xl # 3Com 3c90x (``Boomerang'', ``Cyclone'') # ISA Ethernet NICs. pccard nics included. device cs # Crystal Semiconductor CS89x0 NIC # 'device ed' requires 'device miibus' device ed # NE000, SMC Ultra, 3c503, DS8390 cards device ex # Intel EtherExpress Pro/10 and Pro/10+ device ep # Etherlink III based cards device fe # Fujitsu MB8696x based cards device ie # EtherExpress 8/16, 3C507, StarLAN 10 etc. device lnc # NE2100, NE32-VL Lance Ethernet cards device sn # SMC's 9000 series of ethernet chips device xe # Xircom pccard ethernet # ISA devices that use the old ISA shims #device le # Wireless NIC cards device wlan # 802.11 support device an # Aironet 4500/4800 802.11 wireless NICs. device awi # BayStack 660 and others device wi # WaveLAN/Intersil/Symbol 802.11 wireless NICs. #device wl # Older non 802.11 Wavelan wireless NIC. # Pseudo devices - the number indicates how many units to allocate. device random # Entropy device device loop # Network loopback device ether # Ethernet support device sl # Kernel SLIP device ppp # Kernel PPP device tun # Packet tunnel. device pty # Pseudo-ttys (telnet etc) device md # Memory "disks" device gif # IPv6 and IPv4 tunneling device faith # IPv6-to-IPv4 relaying (translation) # The `bpf' device enables the Berkeley Packet Filter. # Be aware of the administrative consequences of enabling this! device bpf # Berkeley packet filter # USB support device uhci # UHCI PCI->USB interface device ohci # OHCI PCI->USB interface device usb # USB Bus (required) #device udbp # USB Double Bulk Pipe devices device ugen # Generic device uhid # "Human Interface Devices" device ukbd # Keyboard device ulpt # Printer device umass # Disks/Mass storage - Requires scbus and da device ums # Mouse device urio # Diamond Rio 500 MP3 player device uscanner # Scanners # USB Ethernet, requires mii device aue # ADMtek USB ethernet device axe # ASIX Electronics USB ethernet device cue # CATC USB ethernet device kue # Kawasaki LSI USB ethernet # FireWire support device firewire # FireWire bus code device sbp # SCSI over FireWire (Requires scbus and da) device fwe # Ethernet over FireWire (non-standard!) # smbus device smbus device bktr device iicbus device iicsmb device smb --- _______________________________________________ [EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"