I'm out of ideas, It doesn't matter if I use other PC or hard disks, performance
sucks compared to Linux :-(


Any advice or idea about the possible cause?
I can't believe this difference of throughput with ata disks.Hello Martin,

for linux it took about 23 seconds write the file and 18 read it.

# time dd if=/dev/zero of=aa bs=1024k count=1024
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out

real    0m23.408s
user    0m0.000s
sys    0m4.470s

# time dd if=aa of=/dev/null bs=1024k
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out

real    0m18.311s
user    0m0.000s
sys    0m5.850s

and for FreeBSD it took 40 seconds write the file and 42 read it:

# dd if=/dev/zero of=aa bs=1024k count=1024
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
1073741824 bytes transferred in 40.143630 secs (26747502 bytes/sec)

# dd if=aa of=/dev/null bs=1024k
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
1073741824 bytes transferred in 42.711242 secs (25139560 bytes/sec)

so as you can see linux was two times faster that FreeBSD :-?
I would like to know if anyone knows  if this is normal or
is a bug?

On linux which filesystem - ext2/ext3/....also which kernal/distro

vanilla slackware 8.1 with an old 2.4.18 kernel and ext2 filesystem

For FreeBSD I presume this was UFS2 rather the UFS, in either case did you enable softupdates?

A better 'test' is the bonnie++ utility where you can throw different file sizes etc at the disks, so see what happens with multiple files etc. This gives a more real world view, rather a single file write.

I don't think so. I suspect a low level problem.

This time I did the test using raw devices instead of block devices, this way
filesystem, buffer-cache, softupdates are not present at all. The results were
as bad as predicted.


# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/ad4 bs=1024k count=1024
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
1073741824 bytes transferred in 38.184851 secs (28119576 bytes/sec)

# dd if=/dev/ad4 of=/dev/null bs=1024k count=1024
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
1073741824 bytes transferred in 31.090536 secs (34535970 bytes/sec)

As a curiosity transfers between disk are slower :-?

# dd if=/dev/ad4 of=/dev/ad6 bs=1024k count=1024
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
1073741824 bytes transferred in 69.606197 secs (15425952 bytes/sec)

I'm out of ideas, It doesn't matter if I use other PC or hard disks, performance
sucks compared to Linux :-(


Any advice or idea about the possible cause?
I can't believe this difference of throughput with ata disks.

# atacontrol list
ATA channel 0:
   Master:  ad0 <ST340823A/3.32> ATA/ATAPI revision 4
   Slave:  acd0 <HL-DT-ST DVDRAM GSA-4081B/A100> ATA/ATAPI revision 5
ATA channel 1:
   Master:  ad2 <ST340810A/5.33> ATA/ATAPI revision 6
   Slave:  acd1 <TOSHIBA DVD-ROM SD-M1612/1004> ATA/ATAPI revision 5
ATA channel 2:
   Master:  ad4 <ST340014A/3.54> ATA/ATAPI revision 6
   Slave:       no device present
ATA channel 3:
   Master:  ad6 <ST340014A/3.06> ATA/ATAPI revision 6
   Slave:       no device present

# atacontrol mode 2
Master = UDMA100
Slave  = BIOSPIO
# atacontrol mode 3
Master = UDMA100
Slave  = BIOSPIO

dmesg:
http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-geom/2004-October/000350.html

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