On 01/16/2014 01:56 AM, Nathan Whitehorn wrote:
Thanks for the CC. Could you explain what you mean by "grant-parent"
etc? "interrupt-parent" is a fundamental part of the way PAPR (and
ePAPR) work, so I'm very very hesitant to start guessing. I think things
have broken for you because some (a lot, actually) of OF code does not
expect #interrupt-cells to be more than 2. Some APIs might need
updating, which I'll try to take care of. Could you tell me what the
difference between SPI and PPI is, by the way?
Sorry, I also made some typoes in my explanation so it was not clear.
interrupt-parent is a property in a device node which links this node to
an interrupt controller (in our case the GIC controller).
The way to handle it on Linux and the ePAR is different:
- ePAR (chapter 2.4) says:
The physical wiring of an interrupt source to an interrupt controller is
represented in the device tree with the interrupt-parent property. Nodes
that represent interrupt-generating devices contain an
interrupt-parent property which has a phandle value that points to the
device to which the device's interrupts are routed, typically an
interrupt controller. If an interrupt-generating device does not have
an interrupt-parent property, its interrupt parent is assumed to be its
device tree parent.
From my understanding, it's mandatory to have an interrupt-parent
property on each device node which is using interrupts. If it doesn't
exist it will assume that the parent is interrupt controller.
If I'm mistaken, at least FreeBSD handle the interrupt-parent property
in this way.
- Linux implementation will look at to the node, if the property
doesn't exists, it will check if the ancestor has this property ...
So the device tree below is valid on Linux, but not on FreeBSD:
interrupt-parent = &gic
interrupts = <...>
Most of shipped device tree use this trick.
IanC: I was reading the linux binding documentation
(devicetree/booting-without-of.txt VII.2) and it seems that the
explanation differs from the implementation, right?
For the #interrupt-cells property, the problem starts in fdt_intr_to_rl
(sys/dev/fdt/fdt_common.c:476). ofw_bus_map_intr is called always with
the first cells of the interrupt no matter the number of cells specified
On the subject of simple-bus, they usually aren't necessary. For
example, all hypervisor devices on IBM hardware live under /vdevice,
which is attached to the device tree root. They don't use MMIO, so
simple-bus doesn't really make sense. How does Xen communicate with the
OS in these devices?
As I understand, only the simple bus code (see simplebus_attach) is
translating the interrupts in the device on a resource.
So if you have a node directly attached to the root node with interrupts
and MMIO, the driver won't be able to retrieve and translate the
interrupts via bus_alloc_resources.
In the Xen device tree, we have an hypervisor node directly attach to
the root which contains both MMIO and interrupt used by Xen to
communicate with the guest.
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