On Thu, 2016-02-25 at 12:19 -0500, Nathaniel McCallum wrote:
> On Thu, 2016-02-25 at 10:49 -0500, Simo Sorce wrote:
> > 
> > On Thu, 2016-02-25 at 10:32 -0500, Nathaniel McCallum wrote:
> > > 
> > > 
> > > On Wed, 2016-02-24 at 09:55 -0500, Nathaniel McCallum wrote:
> > > > 
> > > > 
> > > > On Sun, 2016-02-21 at 20:50 -0500, Simo Sorce wrote:
> > > > > 
> > > > > 
> > > > > 
> > > > > On Sun, 2016-02-21 at 20:20 -0500, Nathaniel McCallum wrote:
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > https://github.com/npmccallum/freeipa/pull/1
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > The above (pseudo) pull request contains four patches
> > > > > > against
> > > > > > FreeIPA
> > > > > > to enable the insertion of Authentication Indicators into
> > > > > > Kerberos
> > > > > > tickets. The basic flow looks like this.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > First, we patch ipa-pwd-extop to return a control
> > > > > > indicating
> > > > > > what
> > > > > > authentication method succeeded resulting in a successful
> > > > > > bind.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > Second, we patch ipa-otpd to check the returned control to
> > > > > > ensure
> > > > > > that
> > > > > > the bind resulted from an otp validation.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > Third, we patch ipa-kdb to enable the KDC to return either
> > > > > > the
> > > > > > encrypted timestamp or encrypted challenge preauth
> > > > > > mechanism
> > > > > > when
> > > > > > the
> > > > > > user is configured for optional 2FA logins. Clients can
> > > > > > then
> > > > > > decide
> > > > > > whether to do 1FA or 2FA login (for kinit, sane behavior
> > > > > > already
> > > > > > exists).
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > Forth, we patch ipa-kdb again to insert hard-coded
> > > > > > authentication
> > > > > > indicators for either OTP or RADIUS.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > Some explanation is required for the first two patches.
> > > > > > Currently,
> > > > > > it
> > > > > > is possible to do a 1FA through the otp preauthentication
> > > > > > mechanism
> > > > > > if
> > > > > > the user is configured for doing optional 2FA. However,
> > > > > > because
> > > > > > we
> > > > > > want
> > > > > > to insert an authentication indicator in this code path, we
> > > > > > need
> > > > > > to
> > > > > > guarantee that a request going through the otp preauth
> > > > > > mechanism
> > > > > > actually validates an OTP. This is the purpose of the
> > > > > > control.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > Items still on the TODO list:
> > > > > > 
> > > > > >   * Authentication Indicator enforcement
> > > > > >     - Upstream libkrb5 needs to grow funcs for reading
> > > > > > indicators
> > > > > >     - Schema change to add indicators multi-value attr to
> > > > > > services
> > > > > >     - ipa-kdb needs to implement check_policy_tgs()
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > 
> > > > > >   * SSSD needs to learn to handle optional 2FA
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > I will write up a project page for all of this tomorrow.
> > > > > > But
> > > > > > this
> > > > > > small
> > > > > > code basically amounts to my brainstorming. It is not ready
> > > > > > for
> > > > > > merge,
> > > > > > just basic review.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > It looks mostly ok, however the LDAP control part needs to be
> > > > > done
> > > > > as
> > > > > a
> > > > > request/response pair.
> > > > > A client that wishes to know what kind of authentication
> > > > > happened
> > > > > should
> > > > > send a request control, and only in that case , the server
> > > > > will
> > > > > send
> > > > > the
> > > > > associated reply control with the requested information.
> > > > I just pushed a new version of the control (now merged into a
> > > > single
> > > > patch): https://github.com/npmccallum/freeipa/commit/a78191ee5d
> > > > 31
> > > > e1de
> > > > 39
> > > > f28eb637f66199da7e9225
> > > > 
> > > > In this version the client sends a critical control with no
> > > > content
> > > > indicating that the server must validate an OTP. If the LDAP
> > > > server
> > > > doesn't support the control (for whatever reason), bind will
> > > > fail. If
> > > > the LDAP server doesn't validate an OTP (for whatever reason),
> > > > bind
> > > > will fail.
> > > > 
> > > > This approach is simpler and doesn't require a request/response
> > > > control
> > > > pair.
> > > I need some design advice. My goal here is that we need a way to
> > > expose
> > > the authentication indicators to services in the FreeIPA UI/CLI.
> > > 
> > > Here is the good news: users can already set these values in
> > > FreeIPA
> > > using kadmin. They do this by simply setting the require_auth
> > > string on
> > > the target service principal. Our kdb plugin then encodes these
> > > with
> > > the rest of the tl_data into the krbExtraData attribute.
> > > 
> > > I see two approaches here. First, we can try to manipulate the
> > > krbExtraData attribute directly. Second, we can create a separate
> > > attribute for the authentication indicator strings and then
> > > synthesize
> > > the tl_data internally in kdb. We would have to do this for both
> > > reads
> > > and writes so as not to break existing kdb functionality.
> > > 
> > > The trade-off that I see is that the first method complicates the
> > > python framework side where the second method complicates the kdb
> > > plugin.
> > > 
> > > A third option, which I doubt is even possible, is to use kadmin
> > > to
> > > manipulate this option rather than modifying LDAP directly.
> > > 
> > > Thoughts?
> > We should translate it, we need that to allow to delegate access
> > only
> > to
> > the specific attribute via our standard means.
> > 
> > We already do this for other tl_data entries.
> > 
> > The krbExtraData access cannot always be delegated because it would
> > be
> > open ended. also it is really obnoxious to have to manipulate ASN.1
> > stuff in the framework.
> > 
> > kadmin could be used at some point, but we'd still want to have
> > this
> > attribute extracted in order to be able to grant access control
> > individually, as our ACL system and delegation system is more fine
> > grained than what kadmin can offer.
> After discussing this with MIT, Simo and Matt, it seems that the best
> option is to update the (MIT) upstream krbPrincipal objectClass to
> have
> a new attribute. The reason for this is twofold. First, it has
> upstream
> value. Second, we don't have good objectClass to attach the new
> attribute to inside FreeIPA.
> 
> So the current plan is that Matt will create a patch for storing auth
> indicators (specifically, the "required_auth" strings) in a new
> multi-
> value string attribute on krbPrincipal objects. The get_principal()
> KDB
> hook will read "required_auth" from krbExtraData or (if present,
> preferred) the new attribute. In turn, the put_principal() KDB hook
> will store "required_auth" in the new attribute. This will allow the
> transparent migration of any data currently stored in krbExtraData.
> 
> As part of this process, Matt will also refactor put_principal() into
> smaller functions (it is currently 800+ LOC).
> 
> Once we have an attribute in upstream krbPrincipal, we will use this
> attribute exclusively in our KDB plugin.

I have started a project page:
http://www.freeipa.org/page/V4/AuthenticationIndicators

We are still waiting on some details. But the general shape of things
is there. Please review. :)

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