IMHO it *must* be documented very well. Thank for scenario proposal!

There is a new documentation ticket: 

Another ticket exists for CA master recovery procedure: https://fedorahosted.org/freeipa/ticket/2749

Petr^2 Spacek

On 05/15/2012 01:19 AM, Gelen James wrote:
Hi Dimitri,

thanks a lot for your offer. It will be more than appreciated if Rob, or some
other talented genius could wiki the steps. The more details, the sooner, and
the better. It will help IPA projects and its users dramatically, especially
for newbies like me. :)

Thanks again for you, Rob and others for the coming documentation work.


*From:* Dmitri Pal <d...@redhat.com>
*To:* Robinson Tiemuqinke <hahaha_...@yahoo.com>
*Cc:* "Freeipa-users@redhat.com" <Freeipa-users@redhat.com>; Rich Megginson
*Sent:* Monday, May 14, 2012 1:20 PM
*Subject:* Re: Please help: How to restore IPA Master/Replicas from daily IPA
Replica setup???

On 05/14/2012 03:48 PM, Robinson Tiemuqinke wrote:
Hi Dmitri, Rich and all,

I am a newbie to Redhat IPA, It looks like pretty cool compared with other
solutions I've tried before. Thanks a lot for this great product! :)

But there are still some things I needs your help. My main question is: How
to restore the IPA setup with a daily machine-level IPA Replica backup?

Please let me explain my IPA setup background and backup/restore goals
trying to reach:

I'm running IPA 2.1.3 on Redhat Enterprise 6.2. The IPA master is setup with
Dogtag CA system. It is installed first. Then two IPA replicas are installed
-- with '--setup-ca' options -- for load balancing and failover purposes.

To describe my problems/objectives, I'll name the IPA Master as machine A,
IPA replicas as B and C. and now I've one more extra IPA replica 'D'
(virtual machine) setup ONLY for backup purposes.
The setup looks like the following, A is the configuration Hub. B,C,D are

/ | \

The following are the steps I backup IPA setups and LDAP backends daily --
it is a whole machine-level backup (through virtual machine D).

1, First, IPA replica D is backed up daily. The backup happens like this:

1.1 on IP replica D, run 'service IPA stop'. Then run 'shutdown -h <D>'. On
the Hypervisor which holds virtual machine D, do a daily backup of the whole
virtual disk that D is on.
1.2 turn on the IP replica D again.
1.3 after virtual machine D is up, on D optionally run a 'ipa-replica-manage
--force-sync --from <A>' to sync the IPA databases forcibly.

Now comes to restore part, which is pretty confusing to me. I've tried
several times, and every times it comes this or that kinds of issues and so
I am wondering that correct steps/ineraction of IPA Master/replicas are the
king :(

2, case #1, A is broken, like disc failure, and then re-imaged after several

2.1 How to rebuild the IPA Master/Hub A after A is re-imaged, with the daily
backup from IPA replica D?
2.2 do I have to check some files on A into subversion immediately after A
was initially installed?
2.3 Please describe the steps. I'll follow exactly and report the results.

3, case #2, A is working, but either B, or C is broken.

3.1 It looks that I don't need the daily backup of D to kick in, is that right?
3.2 What are the correct steps on A; and B after it is re-imaged?
3.3 Please describe the steps. I'll follow exactly and report the results.

4, case #3, If some un-expected IPA changes happens on A -- like all users
are deleted by human mistakes --, and even worse, all the changes are
propagated to B and C in minutes.

4.1 How can I recover the IPA setup from daily backup from D?
4.2 which IPA master/replicas I should recover first? IPA master A, or IPA
replicas B/C? and then how to recover others left one by one?
4.3 Do I have to disconnect replication agreement of B,C,D from A first?
4.4 Please describe the steps. I'll follow exactly and report the results.

I've heard something about tombstone records too, Not sure whether the
problem still exists in 2.1.3, or 2.2.0(on 6.3Beta)? If so, How can I avoid
it with correct recovery steps/interactions.

Thanks a lot.


I can explain it conceptually. Rob is probably best to define the exact
sequence and commands.

If you A is broken you reinstall it, make it connect to D and init (force
sync) A from D. Now you have a new A.

If B or C dies you just re-install B or C and init from A.

If you lost a lot of data I suggest you start a saved D instance and
force-sync A from it and then force sync B and C from A.

Thank you,
Dmitri Pal

Sr. Engineering Manager IPA project,
Red Hat Inc.

Looking to carve out IT costs?
www.redhat.com/carveoutcosts/  <http://www.redhat.com/carveoutcosts/>

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