On ke, 19 loka 2016, Chris Dagdigian wrote:
Thanks to great tips and pointers from people on this list (h/t
Alexander B) I was able to build an IPA master + replica setup that
can recognize and allow logins from users coming from multiple
disconnected AD Forests with 1-way trusts to the IPA servers
Sanitized view of our AWS footprint:
AD Servers & IPA:
AD Forest #1: company-test.org
AD Forest #2: company-aws.org
AD Forest #3: company.org
IPA Domain/Realm: company-ipa.org (successful 1-way trusts to
company-test.org and company-aws.org etc.)
With basic recognition of users and working SSH logins based on AD
username and passwords I'm moving on to trying to use the far more
interesting IPA/IDM features.
Using user accounts defined locally on the IPA server I'm having a
blast uploading SSH keys and creating sudo rules and groups. So the
natural next question is "can we do this for users who exist only in
remote AD controllers?
Yes, you can, by using ID views and ID overrides.
In FreeIPA < 4.4 you need admins to create and populate the overrides.
You can see how it works in this video:
Starting with FreeIPA 4.4 you only need to create override as IPA admin,
users can populate it with the use of IPA command line interface while
'kinit' as AD user:
$ kinit admin
$ ipa idoverrideuser-add 'Default Trust View' firstname.lastname@example.org
then AD user can do:
$ kinit user@AD.DOMAIN
$ ipa idoverrideuser-mod 'Default Trust View' email@example.com \
There are access controls in place which don't allow to change things
like username (--login) or home directory in self-service. Practically,
AD users can maintain their public SSH keys and (starting with FreeIPA
4.4) attach public certificates to their ID overrides.
IPA is doing 100% of the UID/GID/Posix stuff management - we are only
pulling usernames & groups from AD and checking passwords against the
The basic question -- is it possible for me to get to "hybrid linux
user management" nirvana whereby IPA/IDM manages everything about AD
users except for their username and passwords?
Tried to find this in the official documentation but it dives
instantly into deep topics about user data mapping, custom schemas and
dealing with POSIX data served up by the AD controllers. Hard to
figure out the boundary between what IPA can support with local user
accounts vs what it can do when the users exist in remote AD forests.
Any URLs or documentation pointers would be appreciated
ID Views are the thing you need to deal with. FreeIPA 4.4 adds support
for 'self-service' for AD users in the command line. Versions before it
require IPA admins to handle ID overrides. No Web UI support for the
FreeIPA 4.4 is what is available in RHEL 7.3 beta already.
/ Alexander Bokovoy
Manage your subscription for the Freeipa-users mailing list:
Go to http://freeipa.org for more info on the project