On Sun, Oct 23, 2016 at 08:37:15PM -0700, Fil Di Noto wrote:
> Hello,
> I would like to better understand why IPA requires SAN (subject alternative
> name) entries to have a backing host record. In order to sign a certificate
> with a SAN that corresponded to a user friendly CNAME I had to add a host
> record (ipa host) for that DNS name (use force option to create without an
> A/AAAA record) as well as a service principle.
> I'm sure I'm not alone when I say I don't like doing that because it means
> that a "Host" in FreeIPA is not a computer, it's a host record that may or
> may not be the only record that corresponds to a computer. It gets
> confusing.
> I assume things are this way to ensure integrity at some level. But I can't
> picture it. What is the potential danger of simply bypassing the
> host/principal checks and just signing the certificate with whatever SAN
> field we like?
In this specific case, it is because certmonger requests service
certificates with host credentials.  Therefore it is not just human
administrators issuing certs.  And we MUST validate SAN against
information in the directory (the only "source of truth" available
to the CA / IPA cert-request command).  Otherwise you could put e.g.
`google.com' into SAN, and we would issue the cert, and that would
be Very Bad.

The problem is slightly exacerbated in that 99% of the time you
really want to issue service certs, but FreeIPA does not permit the
creation of a service entry without a corresponding host entry.  So
you end up with spurious host entries that do not correspond to
actual hosts.  I have previously asked about relaxing this
restriction.  The idea was rejected (for reasons I don't remember).

> If this actually is a necessity and is not likely to change, I think it
> would be beneficial to administrators to be able to manage "Hosts" that
> correspond to CNAMEs (call them "Alias Hosts"? ) separately from Hosts that
> are actually enrolled computers. They could be managed in a similar fashion
> to SUDO rules, like maybe:
> Alias Hosts = a single name
> Alias Host Groups = groups of names
> Alias Host Maps = associate Alias Host/Group with a Hosts or Host Groups
> I'm picturing Alias Hosts and Alias groups as a seperate tab under Identity
> (and some corresponding "ipa aliashost-*" CLI) and Alias Host Maps tab
> under policy.
Now that we have kerberos principal aliases, we might be able to
leverage that, perhaps even directly for service principals.  Any
devs want to chime in on this idea?


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