Hi Alexander,

Alexander Bokovoy wrote:
>On to, 09 helmi 2017, Piper, Nick wrote:

>>We're currently using FreeIPA 4.2.0, and we have two unrelated
>>instances of IdM server. We'd like the user list which IPA maintains
>>in one, to be a superset of the other; so we're looking for one way
>>replication (of cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=realm, not necessarily of host
>>entries etc.)

>>We use a different 'dc' in each instance, and could use a different cn
>>too if needed.

>In short, there is no support for IPA-IPA trust or replication. There
>are many reasons for that, including some complex technical issues on
>how this could be reliably working.

>If you are after actual POSIX systems where users need to logon to use
>their services, you may try to configure SSSD with two different domains
>(for IPA1 and IPA2). You can look at discussion we had in 2014:
>https://www.redhat.com/archives/freeipa-users/2014-January/msg00075.html
>You are not necessarily need to enroll the machine in two different
>realms, any Kerberos principal would do instead of a host principal to
>authenticate against IPA LDAP (see sssd-ldap man page for details on
>ldap_sasl_authid).

Thanks, so the idea here would be for SSSD (and any other software
which uses krb or LDAP) to be configured to use both our IPA instances
simultaneously. I'll ponder on this and check into if each of our
applications has support for multiple LDAP servers.

>>We believe we need one way sync (including passwords) to be able to
>>authenticate users which are mastered in the 'remote' IPA, even when
>>the 'remote' IPA is offline. Another option we might explore is
>>'cross-forest trust', although I believe this would make
>>authentication unavailable if the 'master' IPA is unavailable. Both
>>are discussed at
>>https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-US/Red_Hat_Enterprise_Linux/7/html-single/Windows_Integration_Guide/index.html#summary-indirect
>>, but again in the context of AD/IPA rather than IPA/IPA.

>>I'd welcome any pointers on trust or one-way replication between two
>>IPA instances!

>You are stuck, there is no such support between different IPA
>deployments.

>It would help to actually explain your real use case. So far you
>outlined above your approaches to solve a problem which is not really
>stated upfront.

Thanks - I'll try to explain the wider picture:

We have a Hadoop deployment which uses an instance of FreeIPA both for
the Operating Systems (using SSSD) and applications which use LDAP
(for authentication, authorisation and for directory search.) This
FreeIPA (Project IPA) is intended to be authoritative for user
accounts which are specific to the project, such as administrators,
contractors, and so on. The project fits into a wider estate, which
uses FreeIPA (call this Enterprise IPA) to manage general user
accounts.

For auditing and consistency purposes, the general users managed in
Enterprise IPA should be able to run POSIX processes under their
username (in this case YARN containers), log into project tools (which
use LDAP to Project IPA - although this could be changed to
SAML/Shibboleth which might avoid Project IPA having to validate
credentials) and so on.


+----------------------------------------------------------+                    
             
|                                                          |                    
             
| +----------------------------------------------------+   |                    
             
| |                                                    |   |                    
             
| | +-------+ +---------+ +--------+  +----------+     |   |                    
             
| | | IPA   | |Linux OS | |Linux OS|  | App using|     |   |                    
             
| | |       | |         | |        |  | LDAP     |     |   |                    
             
| | +-------+ +---------+ +--------+  +----------+     |   |                    
             
| |                                                    |   |                    
             
| |                ^                                   |   |                    
             
| |Project         +--------------------------------------------                
             
| +----------------------------------------------------+   |  user1 can own     
             
|                                                          |  processes here    
             
|                                                          |                    
             
|                                                          |                    
             
|                                                          |                    
             
|                                                          |                    
             
|   +--------+    +---------+  +---------+ +------------+  |                    
             
|   |        |    |         |  |         | |            |  |                    
             
|   | IPA    |    | Linux   |  | Linux   | | App using  |  |                    
             
|   |        |    | OS      |  | OS      | | LDAP       |  |                    
             
|   +--------+    +---------+  +---------+ +------------+  |                    
             
|                                                          |                    
             
|        ^                                                 |                    
             
|        |                                                 |                    
             
| Wider Enterprise Estate                                  |                    
             
+--------|-------------------------------------------------+                    
             
         |                                                                      
             
         |                                                                      
             
      user1 details mastered here                                               
             
                                                                                
             
                                                                                
             
If 'Enterprise' IPA was instead Active Directory, I believe the above
could be achieved with a One way Trust?

We have an additional aim to be able to set authorisation rules in the
Project IPA (e.g., putting the Enterprise IPA users into groups where
the groups are managed in Project IPA.)

Thanks,

 Nick

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