Thank you! I’ll give the re-initialization of all my replicas a try!


On 4/27/17, 5:58 AM, "thierry bordaz" <> wrote:

    On 04/26/2017 11:58 PM, Rob Crittenden wrote:
    > Kendal Montgomery wrote:
    >> Hi all,
    >> I’ve been struggling the last few days with rebuilding part of my
    >> FreeIPA infrastructure, which has lead me to some questions about how
    >> some of the IPA infrastructure works.  To give a bit of background, I
    >> have two IPA servers (my initially installed IPA server, and a replica)
    >> both of which have DNS, NTP, and CA roles.  I’m running CentOS 7.3,
    >> FreeIPA 4.4 currently (upgraded from original CentOS 7 installations
    >> which I believe was FreeIPA 4.1? initiall).  I have several remote sites
    >> that each have two IPA server replicas that have replication topology
    >> segments for domain and ca suffixes back to the two on-prem IPA
    >> servers.  This has been working quite well for over a year now, through
    >> the upgrades, etc.  Occasionally I get an issue with getting some
    >> conflicting records in LDAP, which I’ve cleared up by following some of
    >> the documentation out there.  It seems when this happens however, I end
    >> up getting into a situation where replication stops working, and I end
    >> up needing to “refresh” the installations. I have done this once so far,
    >> and am in the process again currently, by deleting each remote IPA
    >> server (ipa server-del), then re-installing each server to get a clean
    >> copy of the databases for everything.  Last time I had no issues doing
    >> this.  This time around, I’m running into some issues with the CA
    >> setup.  I seem to be able to run ipa-replica-install just fine without
    >> the --setup-ca option.  I may be running into some issues identified in
    >> an earlier post this week, so I’ll ask about this issue separately if I
    >> continue to have problems.  In working through these issues, I realized
    >> I don’t really know enough about how the interaction between the IPA
    >> clients and IPA server is working, with regard to the PKI
    >> infrastructure.  I have some questions on what server roles I need at
    >> each site and how the PKI infrastructure works within the IPA
    >> environment, and how the clients communicate to it:
    > You don't need to uninstall a master in order to fix replication issues.
    > You can re-initialize it from a working master. I'm pretty sure that if
    > you re-init one you need to re-init them all though, to be safe. I cc'd
    > a couple of 389-ds devs to clarify.
    Hi Kendal,
    Regarding re-initialization it is a safety practice to re-init all of 
    them when you need to re-init one.
    It is sometime not necessary to re-init all servers but checking if it 
    is necessary or not take usually more time that a full reinit. A concern 
    of full reinit is if you have large database (so reinit take longer) or 
    difficulty to find a calm period to do this this task.
    Reading your description I understand that you had to cleanup some 
    conflicting entries (ldapsearch -D 'cn=directory manager' -W -b 
    "<suffix>" "(objectclass=nsds5ReplConflict)" dn). The management of 
    those entries will greatly improve but it is a complex task, with many 
    corner cases. The better is to avoid creation of those entries. A 
    recommendation to avoid those entries is, avoid parallel upgrade of IPA 
    servers and do not disconnect IPA servers when doing those upgrade.
    >> 1)       How do the IPA clients discover servers with the CA role and
    >> use them?
    > They don't, they talk to one of the IPA masters and lets that figure it 
    > An IPA master does this by looking at cn=<host>,
    > cn=masters,cn=ipa,cn=etc,$SUFFIX
    >> 2)       Is all this interaction done through APIs on the IPA server –
    >> in other words, are these requests fielded by the IPA server and proxied
    >> somehow to known servers with the CA role?
    > Right.
    >> 3)       Do the clients need “direct” access to a server with the CA
    >> role to request and obtain certificates and renewals? (i.e. do I need
    >> each IPA server to have the CA role)?
    > Nope.
    >> 4)       Is it sufficient to just have one server with CA role at each
    >> site?  Or even just one at the main on-prem site?
    > One per site may be sufficient, you want to ensure that you have > 1 CAs
    > and since you have separate sites, having one at each would give you
    > lots of leeway in case of catastrophe.
    > rob

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