I am sure the total par of a course of 18 holes is 72.
If you divide 72 by 18 you get 4.
So in designing a course you should have the same amount of par 3 holes as
par 5 and most of the holes should be par 4.
If you want a par 6 hole, then you should have two par 3 holes to balance
the course out.
What par is on each hole is based on the distance, so shorter distances
should be par 3 and the longest ones should be par 5.
Of course you can design anything you want but those rules guide official
Here is from the Golf Wiki:
A hole is classified by its par, meaning the number of strokes a skilled
golfer should require to complete play of the hole. For example, a
skilled golfer expects to reach the green on a par-4 hole in two strokes:
one from the tee (the 'drive') and another, second, stroke to the green (the
'approach'); and then roll the ball into the hole in two putts for par. This
would be termed a 'green in regulation' golf.
A hole is either a par-3, par-4 or par-5. Par-6 holes are extremely rare.
The key factor for classifying the par of a hole is the distance from the
tee to the green. A typical par-3 hole is less than 250 yards in length,
with a par-4 hole ranging between 251 and 475 yards,
and a par-5 hole being longer than 475 yards.
The rare par-6 can stretch well over 650 yards.
Eighteen-hole courses may typically comprise four par-3, ten par-4, and four
par-5 holes, though other combinations exist and are not less worthy than
courses of a total par-72. Many major championships are contested on courses
playing to a par of 70, 71, or 72.
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