On 12.04.2012 17:54, Richard Guenther wrote:
2012/4/12 Andrey Belevantsev<a...@ispras.ru>:
On 12.04.2012 16:38, Richard Guenther wrote:
On Thu, Apr 12, 2012 at 2:36 PM, Igor Zamyatin<izamya...@gmail.com>
On Thu, Apr 12, 2012 at 4:24 PM, Richard Guenther
On Thu, Apr 12, 2012 at 2:00 PM, Alexander Monakov<amona...@ispras.ru>
Can atom execute two IMUL in parallel? Or what exactly is the
As I understand from Intel's optimization reference manual, the
behavior is as
follows: if the instruction immediately following IMUL has shorter
execution is stalled for 4 cycles (which is IMUL's latency); otherwise,
4-or-more cycles latency instruction can be issued after IMUL without a
In other words, IMUL is pipelined with respect to other long-latency
instructions, but not to short-latency instructions.
It seems to be modeled in the pipeline description though:
;;; imul insn has 5 cycles latency
"atom-imul-1, atom-imul-2, atom-imul-3, atom-imul-4,
;;; imul instruction excludes other non-FP instructions.
(exclusion_set "atom-eu-0, atom-eu-1"
"atom-imul-1, atom-imul-2, atom-imul-3, atom-imul-4")
The main idea is quite simple:
If we are going to schedule IMUL instruction (it is on the top of
ready list) we try to find out producer of other (independent) IMUL
instruction that is in ready list too. The goal is try to schedule
such a producer to get another IMUL in ready list and get scheduling
of 2 successive IMUL instructions.
Why does that not happen without your patch? Does it never happen without
your patch or does it merely not happen for one EEMBC benchmark (can
you provide a testcase?)?
It does not happen because the scheduler by itself does not do such specific
reordering. That said, it is easy to imagine the cases where this patch
will make things worse rather than better.
That surprises me. What is so specific about this reordering?
I mean that the scheduler does things like "sort the ready list according
to a number of heuristics and to the insn priority, then choose the insn
that would allow the maximum of ready insns to be issued on the current
cycle". The heuristics are rather general. The scheduler does not do
things like "if some random insn is ready, then choose some other random
insn from the ready list and schedule it" (which is what the patch does).
This is what scheduler hooks are for, to account for some target-specific
The problem is that this particular implementation looks somewhat like an
overkill and also motivated by a single benchmark. Testing on a wider set
of benchmarks and checking compile-time hit would make the motivation more
Igor, why not try different subtler mechanisms like adjust_priority, which
is get called when an insn is added to the ready list? E.g. increase the
The patch as is misses checks for NONDEBUG_INSN_P. Also, why bail out when
you have more than one imul in the ready list? Don't you want to bump the
priority of the other imul found?
And MD allows us only prefer scheduling of successive IMUL instructions,
If IMUL was just scheduled and ready list contains another IMUL
instruction then it will be chosen as the best candidate for
at least from my very limited guessing of what the above does. So, did
analyze why the scheduler does not properly schedule things for you?
From reading the patch, I could not understand the link between
behavior and what the patch appears to do.
Hope that helps.