Debat di parlemen, debat antara parlemen dan pemerintah, harus disiarkan
live di TV.

On 11 March 2018 at 19:32, Sunny ambon ilmeseng...@gmail.com [GELORA45] <
GELORA45@yahoogroups.com> wrote:

>
>
> *Kalau di NKRI dilakukan perjanjian pengolahan kekayaan alam dengan pihak
> asing atau swasta, pada umumnya tidak atau sedikit sekali diberitahukan
> perjanjian tsb kepada umum, hal ini karena sifat kongkalikong penguasa
> rezim neo-Mojopahit untuk mendapat uang kopi yang mengemukan dompet
> pribadi-pribadi mereka. hehehe *
>
> https://www.reuters.com/article/us-timor-australia-
> lng/how-australia-east-timor-treaty-unlocks-65-billion-gas-
> fields-idUSKCN1GJ
>
> March 7, 2018 / 7:43 AM / 4 days ago
> How Australia-East Timor treaty unlocks $65 billion gas fields
>
> Henning Gloystein <https://www.reuters.com/journalists/henning-gloystein>,
> Sonali Paul <https://www.reuters.com/journalists/sonali-paul>
>
> 6 Min Read
>
>    -
>
>
> SINGAPORE/MELBOURNE (Reuters) - East Timor and Australia this week signed
> a treaty at the United Nations setting their maritime boundary for the
> first time, and striking a deal on sharing an estimated $65 billion in
> potential revenues from the Greater Sunrise gas fields in the Timor Sea.
>
> FILE PHOTO: Logos of Woodside Petroleum are seen at Gastech, the world's
> biggest expo for the gas industry, in Chiba, Japan, April 4, 2017.
> REUTERS/Toru Hanai/File Photo
>
> For impoverished East Timor, with a population of just 1.3 million,
> development of the fields is crucial — its main source of revenue since
> 2004, the Bayu Undan gas field, is set to run out of gas by 2022.
>
> The treaty signing in New York on Tuesday marked the first conciliation
> under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) — a
> process UN Secretary General António Guterres said could offer other
> countries a path toward resolving contentious maritime boundary disputes.
>
> At current market prices, the Greater Sunrise reserves would be worth more
> than 23 times East Timor’s annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $2.8
> billion. aTLWOGDPA
>
> Graphic on East Timor GDP: reut.rs/2tn4pVx
>
> [image: Reuters Graphic]Development of the reserves has been held back by
> the maritime border dispute between Australia and East Timor, a former
> Portuguese colony that gained independence from Indonesia in 2002.
>
> “The treaty is an important step that opens the way for developing a rich,
> shared resource, the Greater Sunrise gas fields. We know this resource is
> crucial to Timor Leste’s development,” said Australian Foreign Minister
> Julie Bishop, who signed the treaty in New York on Tuesday with East
> Timor’s Deputy Minister of the Prime Minister for the Delimitation of
> Borders Hermenegildo Augusto Cabral Pereira.
>
> However, the Greater Sunrise joint venture, led by Australia’s Woodside
> Petroleum (WPL.AX
> <https://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=WPL.AX>), which
> has been a key party in the long-running negotiation, said it was
> disappointed that the treaty did not contain a full development plan for
> the gas reserves.
>
> “It is disappointing that this process has not resulted in an alignment on
> a development concept,” the Sunrise joint venture said in a statement on
> Wednesday.
>
> The Sunrise partners did not specify what they felt was missing in the
> agreement, but it is likely that Dili insisted on the gas being processed
> in East Timor for overseas sale, while the joint venture would prefer to
> pipe the gas to Australia.
>
> Graphic on map of Greater Sunrise gas fields: reut.rs/2oVyq9F
>
>
>
> [image: Reuters Graphic]Under the terms of the deal, East Timor will get
> 70 percent of revenues if processing takes place in East Timor, and 80
> percent should the gas be piped to Australia.
>
> That compares with an equal share under a 2006 agreement between Dili and
> Canberra.
> HOW MUCH GAS IS THERE?
>
> The Sunrise and Troubadour gas fields, collectively known as Greater
> Sunrise, lie beneath waters 100 to 600 meters deep, making them shallow to
> medium-deepwater developments.
>
> The fields were discovered in 1974 and, according to Woodside, hold around
> 5.13 trillion cubic feet of gas, the equivalent of more than a third of
> current annual global LNG consumption.
>
> At current market prices, the LNG would be worth almost $50 billion.
>
> Like most gas fields in the wider region, including Papua New Guinea’s and
> Australia’s huge liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports facilities, Greater
> Sunrise also contains significant amounts of condensate, an ultra-light
> form of crude oil.
>
> Its 225.9 million barrels of condensate reserves at current market prices
> would be worth over $15 billion.
>
> Woodside Petroleum Ltd
> <https://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=WPL.AX>28.6
>
> WPL.AXAustralia Stock Exchange
>
> -0.39(-1.35%)
>
>
>    -
>
>    WPL.AX
>    -
>
>    COP.N
>    -
>
>    RDSa.L
>    -
>
>    9532.T
>
> WHO GETS WHAT?
>
> Woodside and its partners have long said they would prefer to develop the
> fields using a floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) platform, considered
> the most cost-effective option, as the fields are 150km away from East
> Timor and 450km away from Darwin in Australia.
>
> However the agreement signed on Tuesday lays out just two options — piping
> the gas either to East Timor or Australia.
>
> Dili has long pressed for the gas to be processed in East Timor, looking
> to generate thousands of jobs in construction and, once developed, in the
> lucrative oil and gas processing, storage, transport and petrochemical
> industries.
>
> Australia, however, has existing gas infrastructure and an experienced
> workforce, making it the industry’s preferred location.
> WHO IS INVOLVED?
>
> The partners in Greater Sunrise are Australia’s Woodside, U.S. firm
> ConocoPhillips (COP.N
> <https://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=COP.N>),
> Anglo-Dutch Royal Dutch Shell (RDSa.L
> <https://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=RDSa.L>) and
> Japan’s Osaka Gas (9532.T
> <https://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=9532.T>).
>
> Even with the new agreement, development could be years away. Woodside
> said last May it may only develop Greater Sunrise after 2027.
>
> Energy markets are just recovering from years of oversupply that depressed
> oil and gas prices and deterred development of new gas projects.
>
> Asia’s LNG markets, which Greater Sunrise would serve, are expected to
> remain oversupplied into the early 2020s as production rises in Australia,
> North America, Papua New Guinea and also Qatar.
>
> It’s likely the Sunrise partners will bide their time before committing
> billions of dollars to develop such a large project.
>
> Reporting by Henning Gloystein and Sonali Paul; Editing by Bill Tarrant
>
> Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.
> <http://thomsonreuters.com/en/about-us/trust-principles.html>
>
>
>
> 
>

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