(CC to gentoo-project as required by the GLEP itself).

On Tue, Jul 12, 2022 at 05:28:36AM +0500, Anna Vyalkova wrote:
> This patch uses more friendly language towards potential transgender
> and plural contributors.
> No other projects require to use a legal name, e.g. Linux says to use
> your real name[0].
> Government issued documents are really a bad example since in some
> countries it's really hard to get your name changed there.
Hi Anna,

There was a very long discussion in #gentoo-council IRC about this
today, with many sides represented.

I apologize I didn't follow who suggested some of the ideas first, so if
something was mis-credited, the fault lies with me.

The need is for GLEP76's name requirement to balance copyright protection with
complexities of jurisdictional naming complexities [4][5].

The kernel DCO says:
"using your real name (sorry, no pseudonyms or anonymous contributions.)"

Copyright law itself, at various levels (including US law and WIPO treaty
[CR001EN]) treaty does permit copyright held by pseudonyms in many cases.
But Copyright law also makes assumptions that some body, be it publisher or
government office, holds the "real" identity (which can be discovered by legal
or other actions), and the publisher holds some liability in this process.

Thus Copyright law tries to impose the need to associate a person with a
a copyrightable work.

Thus it raises two questions:
- Is the open source organization that receives a contribution a publisher in
  this case?
- If the organization is a publisher, does this mean they are required to
  implement some level of Know-Your-Customer (KYC) system?

This is all so messy :-(. Maybe we can approach it from a different angle.

The older version of the GLEP did use the term "real name", and it was
changed to "legal name" because the advice at the time is that "real
name" wasn't well-defined.

I previously proposed amending it further:

But in further discussion, even my proposal didn't go far enough.

Neither "real name" or "legal name" correctly convey the underlying intent
here, and both of them have additional unwanted baggage [1][2][3], and
disproportionately impact some population groups.

Tying this back together: 
The Foundation has *zero* desire to implement a KYC system, or to be the
holders of any non-public personal information. Esp. The Foundation does
not want to even have to look at ID documents. So it's not acceptable to
just have: "send your linkage between pseudonym and name-on-ID to

What's really needed?
GLEP76 must show that Gentoo (as a legal entity: the current Foundation, or
future umbrella), has undertaken due diligence in accepting the contribution.

The discussion in #gentoo-council ended up producing a potential text that I'll
attached as a patch.

I'd like to thank the following for their contributions to the text.

kuzetsa CatSwarm <kuze...@searh.us> ** significant wording
Richard Freeman <ri...@gentoo.org>
John Helmert III <a...@gentoo.org>
Ulrich Müller <u...@gentoo.org>
Alec Warner <anta...@gentoo.org>

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle.net#Privacy_and_Real_ID
[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebook_real-name_policy_controversy
[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nymwars
[4] Depending where you are, it can range from very easy to almost-impossible 
to change your name.
[5] In 
 I linked many other examples
[CR001EN] https://wipolex-res.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/cr/cr001en.html

Robin Hugh Johnson
Gentoo Linux: Dev, Infra Lead, Foundation Treasurer
E-Mail   : robb...@gentoo.org
GnuPG FP : 11ACBA4F 4778E3F6 E4EDF38E B27B944E 34884E85
GnuPG FP : 7D0B3CEB E9B85B1F 825BCECF EE05E6F6 A48F6136
From 77a948ffecf97035a42359be0a0b40ad5059fe2f Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: "Robin H. Johnson" <robb...@gentoo.org>
Date: Tue, 12 Jul 2022 14:52:23 -0700
Subject: [PATCH] glep-0076: clarify name policy

Signed-off-by: Robin H. Johnson <robb...@gentoo.org>
 glep-0076.rst | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git glep-0076.rst glep-0076.rst
index 2216483..ce98ac8 100644
--- glep-0076.rst
+++ glep-0076.rst
@@ -5,12 +5,13 @@ Author: Richard Freeman <ri...@gentoo.org>,
         Alice Ferrazzi <ali...@gentoo.org>,
         Ulrich Müller <u...@gentoo.org>,
         Robin H. Johnson <robb...@gentoo.org>,
-        Michał Górny <mgo...@gentoo.org>
+        Michał Górny <mgo...@gentoo.org>,
+        kuzetsa CatSwarm <kuze...@searh.us>
 Type: Informational
 Status: Active
-Version: 1.1
+Version: 1.2
 Created: 2013-04-23
-Last-Modified: 2022-07-02
+Last-Modified: 2022-07-12
 Post-History: 2018-06-10, 2018-06-19, 2018-08-31, 2018-09-26
 Content-Type: text/x-rst
@@ -136,9 +137,8 @@ the Certificate of Origin by adding ::
     Signed-off-by: Name <e-mail>
-to the commit message as a separate line.  The sign-off must contain
-the committer's legal name as a natural person, i.e., the name that
-would appear in a government issued document.
+to the commit message as a separate line. The Name used is discussed in
+the next section.
 The following is the current Gentoo Certificate of Origin, revision 1:
@@ -179,6 +179,21 @@ commits with the Linux Kernel DCO 1.1 [#DCO-1.1]_.  This shall be
 indicated by adding ``(DCO-1.1)`` at the end of the ``Signed-off-by``
 line.  Using the Gentoo Certificate of Origin is strongly preferred.
+Contributor Name
+Contributors must sign off on contributions with a name that can be made
+public and would pass copyright due diligence.
+Nothing further is required if the name matches a government issued
+document of the contributor.
+If the name does not match any government issued document, it must be a
+name that can be verified by simple records search, and/or attestable in
+a written statement, with a witnessed signature as before a notary.
+For the purposes of this policy, the Gentoo Foundation will not request
+any verification of the name until such time as required by government
+action or legal proceedings.
 Copyright Attribution
@@ -344,6 +359,8 @@ In particular, the authors would like to thank David Abbott,
 Roy Bamford, Kristian Fiskerstrand, Andreas K. Hüttel, Manuel Rüger,
 Matija Šuklje, Matthew Thode, and Alec Warner for their input.
+For revision 1.2, further thanks are extended to kuzetsa CatSwarm,
+Richard Freeman, John Helmert III, Ulrich Müller and Alec Warner.

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