On 6/26/20 11:34 PM, Chun-Yu Shei wrote:
> Hi,
> I was recently interested in whether portage could be speed up, since
> dependency resolution can sometimes take a while on slower machines.
> After generating some flame graphs with cProfile and vmprof, I found 3
> functions which seem to be called extremely frequently with the same
> arguments: catpkgsplit, use_reduce, and match_from_list.  In the first
> two cases, it was simple to cache the results in dicts, while
> match_from_list was a bit trickier, since it seems to be a requirement
> that it return actual entries from the input "candidate_list".  I also
> ran into some test failures if I did the caching after the
> mydep.unevaluated_atom.use and mydep.repo checks towards the end of the
> function, so the caching is only done up to just before that point.
> The catpkgsplit change seems to definitely be safe, and I'm pretty sure
> the use_reduce one is too, since anything that could possibly change the
> result is hashed.  I'm a bit less certain about the match_from_list one,
> although all tests are passing.
> With all 3 patches together, "emerge -uDvpU --with-bdeps=y @world"
> speeds up from 43.53 seconds to 30.96 sec -- a 40.6% speedup.  "emerge
> -ep @world" is just a tiny bit faster, going from 18.69 to 18.22 sec
> (2.5% improvement).  Since the upgrade case is far more common, this
> would really help in daily use, and it shaves about 30 seconds off
> the time you have to wait to get to the [Yes/No] prompt (from ~90s to
> 60s) on my old Sandy Bridge laptop when performing normal upgrades.
> Hopefully, at least some of these patches can be incorporated, and please
> let me know if any changes are necessary.
> Thanks,
> Chun-Yu

Using global variables for caches like these causes a form of memory
leak for use cases involving long-running processes that need to work
with many different repositories (and perhaps multiple versions of those

There are at least a couple of different strategies that we can use to
avoid this form of memory leak:

1) Limit the scope of the caches so that they have some sort of garbage
collection life cycle. For example, it would be natural for the depgraph
class to have a local cache of use_reduce results, so that the cache can
be garbage collected along with the depgraph.

2) Eliminate redundant calls. For example, redundant calls to catpkgslit
can be avoided by constructing more _pkg_str instances, since
catpkgsplit is able to return early when its argument happens to be a
_pkg_str instance.

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