Review at  https://gerrit.osmocom.org/7705

refactor subscr_conn and subscr_conn_fsm de-/alloc

Refactor:

1. Glue the gsm_subscriber_connection alloc to the subscr_conn_fsm.
2. Add separate AUTH_CIPH state to the FSM.
3. Use conn->use_count to trigger conn release.
4. Add separate RELEASING state to the FSM.
5. Add rate counters for each of the three Complete Layer 3 types.

Details:

1. Glue the gsm_subscriber_connection alloc to the subscr_conn_fsm.

Historically, a gsm_subscriber_connection was allocated in libbsc land, and
only upon Complete Layer 3 did libmsc add the fsm instance. After splitting
openbsc.git into a separate osmo-msc, this is no longer necessary, hence:

Closely tie gsm_subscriber_connection allocation to the subscr_conn_fsm
instance: talloc the conn as a child of the FSM instance, and discard the conn
as soon as the FSM terminates.

2. Add separate AUTH_CIPH state to the FSM.

Decoding the Complete Layer 3 message is distinctly separate from waiting for
the VLR FSMs to conclude. Use the NEW state as "we don't know if this is a
valid message yet", and the AUTH_CIPH state as "evaluating, don't release".

A profound effect of this: should we for any odd reason fail to leave the FSM's
NEW state, the conn will be released right at the end of msc_compl_l3(),
without needing to trigger release in each code path.

3. Use conn->use_count to trigger conn release.

Before, the FSM itself would hold a use count on the conn, and hence we would
need to ask it whether it is ready to release the conn yet by dispatching
events, to achieve a use_count decrement.

Instead, unite the FSM instance and conn, and do not hold a use count by the
FSM. Hence, trigger an FSM "UNUSED" event only when the use_count reaches zero.
As long as use counts are done correctly, the FSM will terminate correctly.

These exceptions:

- The new AUTH_CIPH state explicitly ignores UNUSED events, since we expect the
  use count to reach zero while evaluating Authentication and Ciphering. (I
  experimented with holding a use count by AUTH_CIPH onenter() and releasing by
  onleave(), but the use count and thus the conn are released before the next
  state can initiate transactions that would increment the use count again.
  Same thing for the VLR FSMs holding a use count, they should be done before
  we advance to the next state. The easiest is to simply expect zero use count
  during the AUTH_CIPH state.)

- A CM Service Request means that even though the MSC would be through with all
  it wants to do, we shall still wait for a request to follow from the MS.
  Hence the FSM holds a use count on itself while a CM Service is pending.

- While waiting for a Release/Clear Complete, the FSM holds a use count on
  itself.

4. Add separate RELEASING state to the FSM.

If we decide to release for other reasons than a use count reaching zero, we
still need to be able to wait for the msc_dtap() use count on the conn to
release.

(An upcoming patch will further use the RELEASING state to properly wait for
Clear Complete / Release Complete messages.)

5. Add rate counters for each of the three Complete Layer 3 types.

Besides LU, also count CM Service Request and Paging Response
acceptance/rejections. Without these counters, only very few of the auth+ciph
outcomes actually show in the counters.

Related: OS#3122
Change-Id: I55feb379e176a96a831e105b86202b17a0ffe889
---
M include/osmocom/msc/gsm_data.h
M include/osmocom/msc/osmo_msc.h
M src/libmsc/gsm_04_08.c
M src/libmsc/msc_ifaces.c
M src/libmsc/osmo_msc.c
M src/libmsc/subscr_conn.c
M src/libmsc/transaction.c
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_authen_reuse.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_call.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_gsm_authen.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_gsm_ciph.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_hlr_reject.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_hlr_timeout.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_ms_timeout.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_no_authen.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_reject_concurrency.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_rest.c
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_rest.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_test_umts_authen.err
M tests/msc_vlr/msc_vlr_tests.c
20 files changed, 3,576 insertions(+), 2,937 deletions(-)


  git pull ssh://gerrit.osmocom.org:29418/osmo-msc refs/changes/05/7705/1


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Gerrit-MessageType: newchange
Gerrit-Change-Id: I55feb379e176a96a831e105b86202b17a0ffe889
Gerrit-PatchSet: 1
Gerrit-Project: osmo-msc
Gerrit-Branch: master
Gerrit-Owner: Neels Hofmeyr <nhofm...@sysmocom.de>

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