tree f77b01974f0c773a828b7f910f9269a0a07d298f
parent cf4ef01440ca5c6d96f2ea2b793a37a0a863a045
author Pablo Neira Ayuso <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> Fri, 26 Aug 2005 06:12:22 -0700
committer David S. Miller <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> Tue, 30 Aug 2005 06:11:06 -0700

[LIB]: Boyer-Moore extension for textsearch infrastructure strike #2

Attached the implementation of the Boyer-Moore string search
algorithm for the new textsearch infrastructure.

I've added as well a note about the limitations that this approach
presents, as Thomas has remarked.

Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>

 lib/Kconfig  |   10 +++
 lib/Makefile |    1 
 lib/ts_bm.c  |  185 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 196 insertions(+)

diff --git a/lib/Kconfig b/lib/Kconfig
--- a/lib/Kconfig
+++ b/lib/Kconfig
@@ -72,6 +72,16 @@ config TEXTSEARCH
 config TEXTSEARCH_KMP
        tristate
 
+config TEXTSEARCH_BM
+        depends on TEXTSEARCH
+        tristate "Boyer-Moore"
+        help
+          Say Y here if you want to be able to search text using the
+          Boyer-Moore textsearch algorithm.
+
+          To compile this code as a module, choose M here: the
+          module will be called ts_bm.
+
 config TEXTSEARCH_FSM
        tristate
 
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_REED_SOLOMON) += reed_solom
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_TEXTSEARCH) += textsearch.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_TEXTSEARCH_KMP) += ts_kmp.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_TEXTSEARCH_BM) += ts_bm.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_TEXTSEARCH_FSM) += ts_fsm.o
 
 hostprogs-y    := gen_crc32table
diff --git a/lib/ts_bm.c b/lib/ts_bm.c
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/ts_bm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,185 @@
+/*
+ * lib/ts_bm.c         Boyer-Moore text search implementation
+ *
+ *             This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *             modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *             as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ *             2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * Authors:    Pablo Neira Ayuso <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
+ *
+ * ==========================================================================
+ * 
+ *   Implements Boyer-Moore string matching algorithm:
+ *
+ *   [1] A Fast String Searching Algorithm, R.S. Boyer and Moore.
+ *       Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery, 
+ *       20(10), 1977, pp. 762-772.
+ *       http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/moore/publications/fstrpos.pdf
+ *
+ *   [2] Handbook of Exact String Matching Algorithms, Thierry Lecroq, 2004
+ *       http://www-igm.univ-mlv.fr/~lecroq/string/string.pdf
+ *
+ *   Note: Since Boyer-Moore (BM) performs searches for matchings from right 
+ *   to left, it's still possible that a matching could be spread over 
+ *   multiple blocks, in that case this algorithm won't find any coincidence.
+ *   
+ *   If you're willing to ensure that such thing won't ever happen, use the
+ *   Knuth-Pratt-Morris (KMP) implementation instead. In conclusion, choose 
+ *   the proper string search algorithm depending on your setting. 
+ *
+ *   Say you're using the textsearch infrastructure for filtering, NIDS or 
+ *   any similar security focused purpose, then go KMP. Otherwise, if you 
+ *   really care about performance, say you're classifying packets to apply
+ *   Quality of Service (QoS) policies, and you don't mind about possible
+ *   matchings spread over multiple fragments, then go BM.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/textsearch.h>
+
+/* Alphabet size, use ASCII */
+#define ASIZE 256
+
+#if 0
+#define DEBUGP printk
+#else
+#define DEBUGP(args, format...)
+#endif
+
+struct ts_bm
+{
+       u8 *            pattern;
+       unsigned int    patlen;
+       unsigned int    bad_shift[ASIZE];
+       unsigned int    good_shift[0];
+};
+
+static unsigned int bm_find(struct ts_config *conf, struct ts_state *state)
+{
+       struct ts_bm *bm = ts_config_priv(conf);
+       unsigned int i, text_len, consumed = state->offset;
+       const u8 *text;
+       int shift = bm->patlen, bs;
+
+       for (;;) {
+               text_len = conf->get_next_block(consumed, &text, conf, state);
+
+               if (unlikely(text_len == 0))
+                       break;
+
+               while (shift < text_len) {
+                       DEBUGP("Searching in position %d (%c)\n", 
+                               shift, text[shift]);
+                       for (i = 0; i < bm->patlen; i++) 
+                            if (text[shift-i] != bm->pattern[bm->patlen-1-i])
+                                    goto next;
+
+                       /* London calling... */
+                       DEBUGP("found!\n");
+                       return consumed += (shift-(bm->patlen-1));
+
+next:                  bs = bm->bad_shift[text[shift-i]];
+
+                       /* Now jumping to... */
+                       shift = max_t(int, shift-i+bs, shift+bm->good_shift[i]);
+               }
+               consumed += text_len;
+       }
+
+       return UINT_MAX;
+}
+
+static void compute_prefix_tbl(struct ts_bm *bm, const u8 *pattern,
+                              unsigned int len)
+{
+       int i, j, ended, l[ASIZE];
+
+       for (i = 0; i < ASIZE; i++)
+               bm->bad_shift[i] = len;
+       for (i = 0; i < len - 1; i++)
+               bm->bad_shift[pattern[i]] = len - 1 - i;
+
+       /* Compute the good shift array, used to match reocurrences 
+        * of a subpattern */
+       for (i = 1; i < bm->patlen; i++) {
+               for (j = 0; j < bm->patlen && bm->pattern[bm->patlen - 1 - j]
+                               == bm->pattern[bm->patlen - 1 - i - j]; j++);
+               l[i] = j;
+       }  
+
+       bm->good_shift[0] = 1;
+       for (i = 1; i < bm->patlen; i++)
+               bm->good_shift[i] = bm->patlen;
+       for (i = bm->patlen - 1; i > 0; i--)
+               bm->good_shift[l[i]] = i;
+       ended = 0;
+       for (i = 0; i < bm->patlen; i++) {
+               if (l[i] == bm->patlen - 1 - i)
+                       ended = i;
+               if (ended)
+                       bm->good_shift[i] = ended;
+       }
+}
+
+static struct ts_config *bm_init(const void *pattern, unsigned int len,
+                                int gfp_mask)
+{
+       struct ts_config *conf;
+       struct ts_bm *bm;
+       unsigned int prefix_tbl_len = len * sizeof(unsigned int);
+       size_t priv_size = sizeof(*bm) + len + prefix_tbl_len;
+
+       conf = alloc_ts_config(priv_size, gfp_mask);
+       if (IS_ERR(conf))
+               return conf;
+
+       bm = ts_config_priv(conf);
+       bm->patlen = len;
+       bm->pattern = (u8 *) bm->good_shift + prefix_tbl_len;
+       compute_prefix_tbl(bm, pattern, len);
+       memcpy(bm->pattern, pattern, len);
+
+       return conf;
+}
+
+static void *bm_get_pattern(struct ts_config *conf)
+{
+       struct ts_bm *bm = ts_config_priv(conf);
+       return bm->pattern;
+}
+
+static unsigned int bm_get_pattern_len(struct ts_config *conf)
+{
+       struct ts_bm *bm = ts_config_priv(conf);
+       return bm->patlen;
+}
+
+static struct ts_ops bm_ops = {
+       .name             = "bm",
+       .find             = bm_find,
+       .init             = bm_init,
+       .get_pattern      = bm_get_pattern,
+       .get_pattern_len  = bm_get_pattern_len,
+       .owner            = THIS_MODULE,
+       .list             = LIST_HEAD_INIT(bm_ops.list)
+};
+
+static int __init init_bm(void)
+{
+       return textsearch_register(&bm_ops);
+}
+
+static void __exit exit_bm(void)
+{
+       textsearch_unregister(&bm_ops);
+}
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+module_init(init_bm);
+module_exit(exit_bm);
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