tree f2db782c1a67c1d632942d43b68bd2c5c7c3981d
parent 5e1efe4931bf7d95b2f3d48ca0b79ea0e8341cc2
author H. Peter Anvin <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> Wed, 07 Sep 2005 05:17:24 -0700
committer Linus Torvalds <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> Thu, 08 Sep 2005 06:57:29 -0700

[PATCH] Make the bzImage format self-terminating

Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Cc: Frank Sorenson <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>

 Documentation/i386/boot.txt    |   35 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 arch/i386/boot/setup.S         |    2 +-
 arch/i386/boot/tools/build.c   |    4 +++-
 arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S       |    2 +-
 arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c |    4 +++-
 5 files changed, 30 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/i386/boot.txt b/Documentation/i386/boot.txt
--- a/Documentation/i386/boot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/i386/boot.txt
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
                     ----------------------------
 
                    H. Peter Anvin <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
-                       Last update 2002-01-01
+                       Last update 2005-09-02
 
 On the i386 platform, the Linux kernel uses a rather complicated boot
 convention.  This has evolved partially due to historical aspects, as
@@ -34,6 +34,8 @@ Protocol 2.02:        (Kernel 2.4.0-test3-pre3)
 Protocol 2.03: (Kernel 2.4.18-pre1) Explicitly makes the highest possible
                initrd address available to the bootloader.
 
+Protocol 2.04: (Kernel 2.6.14) Extend the syssize field to four bytes.
+
 
 **** MEMORY LAYOUT
 
@@ -103,10 +105,9 @@ The header looks like:
 Offset Proto   Name            Meaning
 /Size
 
-01F1/1 ALL     setup_sects     The size of the setup in sectors
+01F1/1 ALL(1   setup_sects     The size of the setup in sectors
 01F2/2 ALL     root_flags      If set, the root is mounted readonly
-01F4/2 ALL     syssize         DO NOT USE - for bootsect.S use only
-01F6/2 ALL     swap_dev        DO NOT USE - obsolete
+01F4/4 2.04+(2 syssize         The size of the 32-bit code in 16-byte paras
 01F8/2 ALL     ram_size        DO NOT USE - for bootsect.S use only
 01FA/2 ALL     vid_mode        Video mode control
 01FC/2 ALL     root_dev        Default root device number
@@ -129,8 +130,12 @@ Offset     Proto   Name            Meaning
 0228/4 2.02+   cmd_line_ptr    32-bit pointer to the kernel command line
 022C/4 2.03+   initrd_addr_max Highest legal initrd address
 
-For backwards compatibility, if the setup_sects field contains 0, the
-real value is 4.
+(1) For backwards compatibility, if the setup_sects field contains 0, the
+    real value is 4.
+
+(2) For boot protocol prior to 2.04, the upper two bytes of the syssize
+    field are unusable, which means the size of a bzImage kernel
+    cannot be determined.
 
 If the "HdrS" (0x53726448) magic number is not found at offset 0x202,
 the boot protocol version is "old".  Loading an old kernel, the
@@ -230,12 +235,16 @@ loader to communicate with the kernel.  
 relevant to the boot loader itself, see "special command line options"
 below.
 
-The kernel command line is a null-terminated string up to 255
-characters long, plus the final null.
+The kernel command line is a null-terminated string currently up to
+255 characters long, plus the final null.  A string that is too long
+will be automatically truncated by the kernel, a boot loader may allow
+a longer command line to be passed to permit future kernels to extend
+this limit.
 
 If the boot protocol version is 2.02 or later, the address of the
 kernel command line is given by the header field cmd_line_ptr (see
-above.)
+above.)  This address can be anywhere between the end of the setup
+heap and 0xA0000.
 
 If the protocol version is *not* 2.02 or higher, the kernel
 command line is entered using the following protocol:
@@ -255,7 +264,7 @@ command line is entered using the follow
 **** SAMPLE BOOT CONFIGURATION
 
 As a sample configuration, assume the following layout of the real
-mode segment:
+mode segment (this is a typical, and recommended layout):
 
        0x0000-0x7FFF   Real mode kernel
        0x8000-0x8FFF   Stack and heap
@@ -312,9 +321,9 @@ Such a boot loader should enter the foll
 
 **** LOADING THE REST OF THE KERNEL
 
-The non-real-mode kernel starts at offset (setup_sects+1)*512 in the
-kernel file (again, if setup_sects == 0 the real value is 4.)  It
-should be loaded at address 0x10000 for Image/zImage kernels and
+The 32-bit (non-real-mode) kernel starts at offset (setup_sects+1)*512
+in the kernel file (again, if setup_sects == 0 the real value is 4.)
+It should be loaded at address 0x10000 for Image/zImage kernels and
 0x100000 for bzImage kernels.
 
 The kernel is a bzImage kernel if the protocol >= 2.00 and the 0x01
diff --git a/arch/i386/boot/setup.S b/arch/i386/boot/setup.S
--- a/arch/i386/boot/setup.S
+++ b/arch/i386/boot/setup.S
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ start:
 # This is the setup header, and it must start at %cs:2 (old 0x9020:2)
 
                .ascii  "HdrS"          # header signature
-               .word   0x0203          # header version number (>= 0x0105)
+               .word   0x0204          # header version number (>= 0x0105)
                                        # or else old loadlin-1.5 will fail)
 realmode_swtch:        .word   0, 0            # default_switch, SETUPSEG
 start_sys_seg: .word   SYSSEG
diff --git a/arch/i386/boot/tools/build.c b/arch/i386/boot/tools/build.c
--- a/arch/i386/boot/tools/build.c
+++ b/arch/i386/boot/tools/build.c
@@ -177,7 +177,9 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)
                die("Output: seek failed");
        buf[0] = (sys_size & 0xff);
        buf[1] = ((sys_size >> 8) & 0xff);
-       if (write(1, buf, 2) != 2)
+       buf[2] = ((sys_size >> 16) & 0xff);
+       buf[3] = ((sys_size >> 24) & 0xff);
+       if (write(1, buf, 4) != 4)
                die("Write of image length failed");
 
        return 0;                                           /* Everything is OK 
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S b/arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S
+++ b/arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ start:
 # This is the setup header, and it must start at %cs:2 (old 0x9020:2)
 
                .ascii  "HdrS"          # header signature
-               .word   0x0203          # header version number (>= 0x0105)
+               .word   0x0204          # header version number (>= 0x0105)
                                        # or else old loadlin-1.5 will fail)
 realmode_swtch:        .word   0, 0            # default_switch, SETUPSEG
 start_sys_seg: .word   SYSSEG
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c b/arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c
+++ b/arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c
@@ -178,7 +178,9 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)
                die("Output: seek failed");
        buf[0] = (sys_size & 0xff);
        buf[1] = ((sys_size >> 8) & 0xff);
-       if (write(1, buf, 2) != 2)
+       buf[2] = ((sys_size >> 16) & 0xff);
+       buf[3] = ((sys_size >> 24) & 0xff);
+       if (write(1, buf, 4) != 4)
                die("Write of image length failed");
 
        return 0;                                           /* Everything is OK 
*/
-
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