Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=7ea7e98fd8d02351c43ef4ab35d70f3aaa26c31d
Commit:     7ea7e98fd8d02351c43ef4ab35d70f3aaa26c31d
Parent:     50bf14b3ff05fb6e10688021b96f95d30a300f8d
Author:     Matthew Wilcox <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Thu Oct 19 09:41:28 2006 -0600
Committer:  Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Fri Dec 1 14:36:58 2006 -0800

    PCI: Block on access to temporarily unavailable pci device
    
    The existing implementation of pci_block_user_cfg_access() was recently
    criticised for providing out of date information and for returning errors
    on write, which applications won't be expecting.
    
    This reimplementation uses a global wait queue and a bit per device.
    I've open-coded prepare_to_wait() / finish_wait() as I could optimise
    it significantly by knowing that the pci_lock protected us at all points.
    
    It looked a bit funny to be doing a spin_unlock_irqsave(); schedule(),
    so I used spin_lock_irq() for the _user versions of pci_read_config and
    pci_write_config.  Not carrying a flags pointer around made the code
    much less nasty.
    
    Attempts to block an already blocked device hit a BUG() and attempts to
    unblock an already unblocked device hit a WARN().  If we need to block
    access to a device from userspace, it's because it's unsafe for even
    another bit of the kernel to access the device.  An attempt to block
    a device for a second time means we're about to access the device to
    perform some other operation, which could provoke undefined behaviour
    from the device.
    
    Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Acked-by: Adam Belay <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Acked-by: Alan Cox <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 drivers/pci/access.c |   75 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/access.c b/drivers/pci/access.c
index ea16805..73a58c7 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/access.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/access.c
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
 #include <linux/pci.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/ioport.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
 
 #include "pci.h"
 
@@ -63,30 +64,42 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_write_config_byte)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_write_config_word);
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_write_config_dword);
 
-static u32 pci_user_cached_config(struct pci_dev *dev, int pos)
-{
-       u32 data;
+/*
+ * The following routines are to prevent the user from accessing PCI config
+ * space when it's unsafe to do so.  Some devices require this during BIST and
+ * we're required to prevent it during D-state transitions.
+ *
+ * We have a bit per device to indicate it's blocked and a global wait queue
+ * for callers to sleep on until devices are unblocked.
+ */
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(pci_ucfg_wait);
 
-       data = dev->saved_config_space[pos/sizeof(dev->saved_config_space[0])];
-       data >>= (pos % sizeof(dev->saved_config_space[0])) * 8;
-       return data;
+static noinline void pci_wait_ucfg(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+       DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
+
+       __add_wait_queue(&pci_ucfg_wait, &wait);
+       do {
+               set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+               spin_unlock_irq(&pci_lock);
+               schedule();
+               spin_lock_irq(&pci_lock);
+       } while (dev->block_ucfg_access);
+       __remove_wait_queue(&pci_ucfg_wait, &wait);
 }
 
 #define PCI_USER_READ_CONFIG(size,type)                                        
\
 int pci_user_read_config_##size                                                
\
        (struct pci_dev *dev, int pos, type *val)                       \
 {                                                                      \
-       unsigned long flags;                                            \
        int ret = 0;                                                    \
        u32 data = -1;                                                  \
        if (PCI_##size##_BAD) return PCIBIOS_BAD_REGISTER_NUMBER;       \
-       spin_lock_irqsave(&pci_lock, flags);                            \
-       if (likely(!dev->block_ucfg_access))                            \
-               ret = dev->bus->ops->read(dev->bus, dev->devfn,         \
+       spin_lock_irq(&pci_lock);                                       \
+       if (unlikely(dev->block_ucfg_access)) pci_wait_ucfg(dev);       \
+       ret = dev->bus->ops->read(dev->bus, dev->devfn,                 \
                                        pos, sizeof(type), &data);      \
-       else if (pos < sizeof(dev->saved_config_space))                 \
-               data = pci_user_cached_config(dev, pos);                \
-       spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pci_lock, flags);                       \
+       spin_unlock_irq(&pci_lock);                                     \
        *val = (type)data;                                              \
        return ret;                                                     \
 }
@@ -95,14 +108,13 @@ int pci_user_read_config_##size                            
                \
 int pci_user_write_config_##size                                       \
        (struct pci_dev *dev, int pos, type val)                        \
 {                                                                      \
-       unsigned long flags;                                            \
        int ret = -EIO;                                                 \
        if (PCI_##size##_BAD) return PCIBIOS_BAD_REGISTER_NUMBER;       \
-       spin_lock_irqsave(&pci_lock, flags);                            \
-       if (likely(!dev->block_ucfg_access))                            \
-               ret = dev->bus->ops->write(dev->bus, dev->devfn,        \
+       spin_lock_irq(&pci_lock);                                       \
+       if (unlikely(dev->block_ucfg_access)) pci_wait_ucfg(dev);       \
+       ret = dev->bus->ops->write(dev->bus, dev->devfn,                \
                                        pos, sizeof(type), val);        \
-       spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pci_lock, flags);                       \
+       spin_unlock_irq(&pci_lock);                                     \
        return ret;                                                     \
 }
 
@@ -117,21 +129,23 @@ PCI_USER_WRITE_CONFIG(dword, u32)
  * pci_block_user_cfg_access - Block userspace PCI config reads/writes
  * @dev:       pci device struct
  *
- * This function blocks any userspace PCI config accesses from occurring.
- * When blocked, any writes will be bit bucketed and reads will return the
- * data saved using pci_save_state for the first 64 bytes of config
- * space and return 0xff for all other config reads.
- **/
+ * When user access is blocked, any reads or writes to config space will
+ * sleep until access is unblocked again.  We don't allow nesting of
+ * block/unblock calls.
+ */
 void pci_block_user_cfg_access(struct pci_dev *dev)
 {
        unsigned long flags;
+       int was_blocked;
 
-       pci_save_state(dev);
-
-       /* spinlock to synchronize with anyone reading config space now */
        spin_lock_irqsave(&pci_lock, flags);
+       was_blocked = dev->block_ucfg_access;
        dev->block_ucfg_access = 1;
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pci_lock, flags);
+
+       /* If we BUG() inside the pci_lock, we're guaranteed to hose
+        * the machine */
+       BUG_ON(was_blocked);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_block_user_cfg_access);
 
@@ -140,14 +154,19 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_block_user_cfg_acc
  * @dev:       pci device struct
  *
  * This function allows userspace PCI config accesses to resume.
- **/
+ */
 void pci_unblock_user_cfg_access(struct pci_dev *dev)
 {
        unsigned long flags;
 
-       /* spinlock to synchronize with anyone reading saved config space */
        spin_lock_irqsave(&pci_lock, flags);
+
+       /* This indicates a problem in the caller, but we don't need
+        * to kill them, unlike a double-block above. */
+       WARN_ON(!dev->block_ucfg_access);
+
        dev->block_ucfg_access = 0;
+       wake_up_all(&pci_ucfg_wait);
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pci_lock, flags);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_unblock_user_cfg_access);
-
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