Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=1a21e49a8d60f588c1276f765198b14d5688a778
Commit:     1a21e49a8d60f588c1276f765198b14d5688a778
Parent:     179ebc9f92da88e15ea86d7d27308c92712d8ee9
Author:     Gerrit Renker <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Sun Dec 10 00:02:12 2006 -0200
Committer:  David S. Miller <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Mon Dec 11 14:34:42 2006 -0800

    [DCCP] ccid3: Finer-grained resolution of sending rates
    
    This patch
     * resolves a bug where packets smaller than 32/64 bytes resulted in 
sending rates of 0
     * supports all sending rates from 1/64 bytes/second up to 4Gbyte/second
     * simplifies the present overflow problems in calculations
    
    Current sending rate X and the cached value X_recv of the receiver-estimated
    sending rate are both scaled by 64 (2^6) in order to
     * cope with low sending rates (minimally 1 byte/second)
     * allow upgrading to use a packets-per-second implementation of CCID 3
     * avoid calculation errors due to integer arithmetic cut-off
    
    The patch implements a revised strategy from
    http://www.mail-archive.com/dccp@vger.kernel.org/msg01040.html
    
    The only difference with regard to that strategy is that t_ipi is already
    used in the calculation of the nofeedback timeout, which saves one division.
    
    Signed-off-by: Gerrit Renker <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Acked-by: Ian McDonald <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 include/linux/tfrc.h   |    8 ++++-
 net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.c |   76 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.h |   33 ++++++++++++++++----
 3 files changed, 78 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/tfrc.h b/include/linux/tfrc.h
index 31a9b25..8a8462b 100644
--- a/include/linux/tfrc.h
+++ b/include/linux/tfrc.h
@@ -37,10 +37,14 @@ struct tfrc_rx_info {
  *     @tfrctx_p:      current loss event rate (5.4)
  *     @tfrctx_rto:    estimate of RTO, equals 4*RTT (4.3)
  *     @tfrctx_ipi:    inter-packet interval (4.6)
+ *
+ *  Note: X and X_recv are both maintained in units of 64 * bytes/second. This
+ *        enables a finer resolution of sending rates and avoids problems with
+ *        integer arithmetic; u32 is not sufficient as scaling consumes 6 bits.
  */
 struct tfrc_tx_info {
-       __u32 tfrctx_x;
-       __u32 tfrctx_x_recv;
+       __u64 tfrctx_x;
+       __u64 tfrctx_x_recv;
        __u32 tfrctx_x_calc;
        __u32 tfrctx_rtt;
        __u32 tfrctx_p;
diff --git a/net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.c b/net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.c
index c54663f..aa355d4 100644
--- a/net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.c
+++ b/net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.c
@@ -108,8 +108,9 @@ static inline void ccid3_update_send_time(struct 
ccid3_hc_tx_sock *hctx)
 {
        timeval_sub_usecs(&hctx->ccid3hctx_t_nom, hctx->ccid3hctx_t_ipi);
 
-       /* Calculate new t_ipi (inter packet interval) by t_ipi = s / X_inst */
-       hctx->ccid3hctx_t_ipi = usecs_div(hctx->ccid3hctx_s, hctx->ccid3hctx_x);
+       /* Calculate new t_ipi = s / X_inst (X_inst is in 64 * bytes/second) */
+       hctx->ccid3hctx_t_ipi = scaled_div(hctx->ccid3hctx_s,
+                                          hctx->ccid3hctx_x >> 6);
 
        /* Update nominal send time with regard to the new t_ipi */
        timeval_add_usecs(&hctx->ccid3hctx_t_nom, hctx->ccid3hctx_t_ipi);
@@ -128,26 +129,33 @@ static inline void ccid3_update_send_time(struct 
ccid3_hc_tx_sock *hctx)
  *          X = max(min(2 * X, 2 * X_recv), s / R);
  *          tld = now;
  *
+ * Note: X and X_recv are both stored in units of 64 * bytes/second, to support
+ *       fine-grained resolution of sending rates. This requires scaling by 2^6
+ *       throughout the code. Only X_calc is unscaled (in bytes/second).
+ *
  * If X has changed, we also update the scheduled send time t_now,
  * the inter-packet interval t_ipi, and the delta value.
- */ 
+ */
 static void ccid3_hc_tx_update_x(struct sock *sk, struct timeval *now)
 
 {
        struct ccid3_hc_tx_sock *hctx = ccid3_hc_tx_sk(sk);
-       const __u32 old_x = hctx->ccid3hctx_x;
+       const  __u64 old_x = hctx->ccid3hctx_x;
 
        if (hctx->ccid3hctx_p > 0) {
-               hctx->ccid3hctx_x = max_t(u32, min(hctx->ccid3hctx_x_calc,
-                                                  hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv * 2),
-                                              hctx->ccid3hctx_s / TFRC_T_MBI);
+
+               hctx->ccid3hctx_x = min_t(u64, hctx->ccid3hctx_x_calc << 6,
+                                              hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv * 2  );
+               hctx->ccid3hctx_x = max_t(u64, hctx->ccid3hctx_x,
+                                         (hctx->ccid3hctx_s << 6)/TFRC_T_MBI);
 
        } else if (timeval_delta(now, &hctx->ccid3hctx_t_ld) >=
                                                          hctx->ccid3hctx_rtt) {
-               hctx->ccid3hctx_x = max(min(hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv,
-                                           hctx->ccid3hctx_x      ) * 2,
-                                       usecs_div(hctx->ccid3hctx_s,
-                                                 hctx->ccid3hctx_rtt)   );
+
+               hctx->ccid3hctx_x = max(2 * min(hctx->ccid3hctx_x,
+                                               hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv),
+                                       scaled_div(hctx->ccid3hctx_s << 6,
+                                                  hctx->ccid3hctx_rtt    ));
                hctx->ccid3hctx_t_ld = *now;
        }
 
@@ -194,13 +202,13 @@ static void ccid3_hc_tx_no_feedback_timer(unsigned long 
data)
        case TFRC_SSTATE_NO_FBACK:
                /* RFC 3448, 4.4: Halve send rate directly */
                hctx->ccid3hctx_x = max_t(u32, hctx->ccid3hctx_x / 2,
-                                              hctx->ccid3hctx_s / TFRC_T_MBI);
+                                         (hctx->ccid3hctx_s << 6)/TFRC_T_MBI);
 
-               ccid3_pr_debug("%s, sk=%p, state=%s, updated tx rate to %d "
+               ccid3_pr_debug("%s, sk=%p, state=%s, updated tx rate to %u "
                               "bytes/s\n",
                               dccp_role(sk), sk,
                               ccid3_tx_state_name(hctx->ccid3hctx_state),
-                              hctx->ccid3hctx_x);
+                              (unsigned)(hctx->ccid3hctx_x >> 6));
                /* The value of R is still undefined and so we can not recompute
                 * the timout value. Keep initial value as per [RFC 4342, 5]. */
                t_nfb = TFRC_INITIAL_TIMEOUT;
@@ -209,11 +217,11 @@ static void ccid3_hc_tx_no_feedback_timer(unsigned long 
data)
        case TFRC_SSTATE_FBACK:
                /*
                 * Check if IDLE since last timeout and recv rate is less than
-                * 4 packets per RTT
+                * 4 packets (in units of 64*bytes/sec) per RTT
                 */
                if (!hctx->ccid3hctx_idle ||
-                   (hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv >=
-                    4 * usecs_div(hctx->ccid3hctx_s, hctx->ccid3hctx_rtt))) {
+                   (hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv >= 4 *
+                    scaled_div(hctx->ccid3hctx_s << 6, hctx->ccid3hctx_rtt))) {
                        struct timeval now;
 
                        ccid3_pr_debug("%s, sk=%p, state=%s, not idle\n",
@@ -227,17 +235,23 @@ static void ccid3_hc_tx_no_feedback_timer(unsigned long 
data)
                         *    X_recv = max(X_recv / 2, s / (2 * t_mbi));
                         *  Else
                         *    X_recv = X_calc / 4;
+                        *
+                        *  Note that X_recv is scaled by 2^6 while X_calc is 
not
                         */
                        BUG_ON(hctx->ccid3hctx_p && !hctx->ccid3hctx_x_calc);
 
                        if (hctx->ccid3hctx_p  == 0 ||
-                           hctx->ccid3hctx_x_calc > 2 * 
hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv)  {
-                               hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv = max_t(u32, 
hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv / 2,
-                                                                   
hctx->ccid3hctx_s / (2 * TFRC_T_MBI));
+                           hctx->ccid3hctx_x_calc > (hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv >> 
5))  {
+
+                               hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv =
+                                       max_t(u64, hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv / 2,
+                                                 (hctx->ccid3hctx_s << 6) /
+                                                               (2*TFRC_T_MBI));
+
                                if (hctx->ccid3hctx_p == 0)
                                        dccp_timestamp(sk, &now);
                        } else
-                               hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv = hctx->ccid3hctx_x_calc 
/ 4;
+                               hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv = hctx->ccid3hctx_x_calc 
<< 4;
 
                        /* Now recalculate X [RFC 3448, 4.3, step (4)] */
                        ccid3_hc_tx_update_x(sk, &now);
@@ -315,9 +329,9 @@ static int ccid3_hc_tx_send_packet(struct sock *sk, struct 
sk_buff *skb)
                hctx->ccid3hctx_t_last_win_count = now;
                ccid3_hc_tx_set_state(sk, TFRC_SSTATE_NO_FBACK);
 
-               /* Set initial sending rate to 1 packet per second */
+               /* Set initial sending rate X/s to 1pps (X is scaled by 2^6) */
                ccid3_hc_tx_update_s(hctx, skb->len);
-               hctx->ccid3hctx_x     = hctx->ccid3hctx_s;
+               hctx->ccid3hctx_x = hctx->ccid3hctx_s << 6;
 
                /* First timeout, according to [RFC 3448, 4.2], is 1 second */
                hctx->ccid3hctx_t_ipi = USEC_PER_SEC;
@@ -438,8 +452,8 @@ static void ccid3_hc_tx_packet_recv(struct sock *sk, struct 
sk_buff *skb)
                        return;
                }
 
-               /* Update receive rate */
-               hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv = opt_recv->ccid3or_receive_rate;
+               /* Update receive rate in units of 64 * bytes/second */
+               hctx->ccid3hctx_x_recv = opt_recv->ccid3or_receive_rate << 6;
 
                /* Update loss event rate */
                pinv = opt_recv->ccid3or_loss_event_rate;
@@ -475,12 +489,14 @@ static void ccid3_hc_tx_packet_recv(struct sock *sk, 
struct sk_buff *skb)
                 * q is a constant, RFC 3448 recomments 0.9
                 */
                if (hctx->ccid3hctx_state == TFRC_SSTATE_NO_FBACK) {
-                       /* Use Larger Initial Windows [RFC 4342, sec. 5]
-                        * We deviate in that we use `s' instead of `MSS'. */
+                       /*
+                        * Larger Initial Windows [RFC 4342, sec. 5]
+                        * We deviate in that we use `s' instead of `MSS'.
+                        */
                        u16 w_init = min(    4 * hctx->ccid3hctx_s,
                                         max(2 * hctx->ccid3hctx_s, 4380));
                        hctx->ccid3hctx_rtt  = r_sample;
-                       hctx->ccid3hctx_x    = usecs_div(w_init, r_sample);
+                       hctx->ccid3hctx_x    = scaled_div(w_init<< 6, r_sample);
                        hctx->ccid3hctx_t_ld = now;
 
                        ccid3_update_send_time(hctx);
@@ -488,7 +504,7 @@ static void ccid3_hc_tx_packet_recv(struct sock *sk, struct 
sk_buff *skb)
                        ccid3_pr_debug("%s(%p), s=%u, w_init=%u, "
                                       "R_sample=%ldus, X=%u\n", dccp_role(sk),
                                       sk, hctx->ccid3hctx_s, w_init, r_sample,
-                                      hctx->ccid3hctx_x);
+                                      (unsigned)(hctx->ccid3hctx_x >> 6));
 
                        ccid3_hc_tx_set_state(sk, TFRC_SSTATE_FBACK);
                } else {
@@ -508,7 +524,7 @@ static void ccid3_hc_tx_packet_recv(struct sock *sk, struct 
sk_buff *skb)
                                       sk, hctx->ccid3hctx_rtt, r_sample,
                                       hctx->ccid3hctx_s, hctx->ccid3hctx_p,
                                       hctx->ccid3hctx_x_calc,
-                                      hctx->ccid3hctx_x);
+                                      (unsigned)(hctx->ccid3hctx_x >> 6));
                }
 
                /* unschedule no feedback timer */
diff --git a/net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.h b/net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.h
index 07596d7..cd4fc54 100644
--- a/net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.h
+++ b/net/dccp/ccids/ccid3.h
@@ -75,14 +75,14 @@ enum ccid3_hc_tx_states {
 
 /** struct ccid3_hc_tx_sock - CCID3 sender half-connection socket
  *
- * @ccid3hctx_x - Current sending rate
- * @ccid3hctx_x_recv - Receive rate
- * @ccid3hctx_x_calc - Calculated send rate (RFC 3448, 3.1)
+ * @ccid3hctx_x - Current sending rate in 64 * bytes per second
+ * @ccid3hctx_x_recv - Receive rate    in 64 * bytes per second
+ * @ccid3hctx_x_calc - Calculated rate in bytes per second
  * @ccid3hctx_rtt - Estimate of current round trip time in usecs
  * @ccid3hctx_p - Current loss event rate (0-1) scaled by 1000000
- * @ccid3hctx_s - Packet size
- * @ccid3hctx_t_rto - Retransmission Timeout (RFC 3448, 3.1)
- * @ccid3hctx_t_ipi - Interpacket (send) interval (RFC 3448, 4.6)
+ * @ccid3hctx_s - Packet size in bytes
+ * @ccid3hctx_t_rto - Nofeedback Timer setting in usecs
+ * @ccid3hctx_t_ipi - Interpacket (send) interval (RFC 3448, 4.6) in usecs
  * @ccid3hctx_state - Sender state, one of %ccid3_hc_tx_states
  * @ccid3hctx_last_win_count - Last window counter sent
  * @ccid3hctx_t_last_win_count - Timestamp of earliest packet
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ enum ccid3_hc_tx_states {
  * @ccid3hctx_idle - Flag indicating that sender is idling
  * @ccid3hctx_t_ld - Time last doubled during slow start
  * @ccid3hctx_t_nom - Nominal send time of next packet
- * @ccid3hctx_delta - Send timer delta
+ * @ccid3hctx_delta - Send timer delta (RFC 3448, 4.6) in usecs
  * @ccid3hctx_hist - Packet history
  * @ccid3hctx_options_received - Parsed set of retrieved options
  */
@@ -171,4 +171,23 @@ static inline struct ccid3_hc_rx_sock 
*ccid3_hc_rx_sk(const struct sock *sk)
     return ccid_priv(dccp_sk(sk)->dccps_hc_rx_ccid);
 }
 
+static inline u64 scaled_div(u64 a, u32 b)
+{
+       BUG_ON(b==0);
+       a *= 1000000;
+       do_div(a, b);
+       return a;
+}
+
+static inline u32 scaled_div32(u64 a, u32 b)
+{
+       u64 result = scaled_div(a, b);
+
+       if (result > UINT_MAX) {
+               DCCP_CRIT("Overflow: a(%llu)/b(%u) > ~0U",
+                         (unsigned long long)a, b);
+               return UINT_MAX;
+       }
+       return result;
+}
 #endif /* _DCCP_CCID3_H_ */
-
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