Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=3007e997de91ec59af39a3f9c91595b31ae6e08b
Commit:     3007e997de91ec59af39a3f9c91595b31ae6e08b
Parent:     5f9953237f684ea1778adb9d26162da00b282225
Author:     Tejun Heo <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Thu Jun 14 04:27:23 2007 +0900
Committer:  Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Wed Jul 11 16:09:08 2007 -0700

    sysfs: use sysfs_mutex to protect the sysfs_dirent tree
    
    As kobj sysfs dentries and inodes are gonna be made reclaimable,
    i_mutex can't be used to protect sysfs_dirent tree.  Use sysfs_mutex
    globally instead.  As the whole tree is protected with sysfs_mutex,
    there is no reason to keep sysfs_rename_sem.  Drop it.
    
    While at it, add docbook comments to functions which require
    sysfs_mutex locking.
    
    Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 fs/sysfs/dir.c     |  101 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 fs/sysfs/file.c    |   31 ++++++++--------
 fs/sysfs/inode.c   |   11 ++----
 fs/sysfs/symlink.c |   51 +++++++++++++-------------
 fs/sysfs/sysfs.h   |    2 +-
 5 files changed, 116 insertions(+), 80 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/sysfs/dir.c b/fs/sysfs/dir.c
index 1b56434..9fc8558 100644
--- a/fs/sysfs/dir.c
+++ b/fs/sysfs/dir.c
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@
 #include <asm/semaphore.h>
 #include "sysfs.h"
 
-DECLARE_RWSEM(sysfs_rename_sem);
+DEFINE_MUTEX(sysfs_mutex);
 spinlock_t sysfs_assoc_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
 
 static spinlock_t sysfs_ino_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ static DEFINE_IDA(sysfs_ino_ida);
  *     sd->s_parent->s_children.
  *
  *     Locking:
- *     mutex_lock(sd->s_parent->dentry->d_inode->i_mutex)
+ *     mutex_lock(sysfs_mutex)
  */
 static void sysfs_link_sibling(struct sysfs_dirent *sd)
 {
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ static void sysfs_link_sibling(struct sysfs_dirent *sd)
  *     sd->s_parent->s_children.
  *
  *     Locking:
- *     mutex_lock(sd->s_parent->dentry->d_inode->i_mutex)
+ *     mutex_lock(sysfs_mutex)
  */
 static void sysfs_unlink_sibling(struct sysfs_dirent *sd)
 {
@@ -215,6 +215,9 @@ void release_sysfs_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent * sd)
        struct sysfs_dirent *parent_sd;
 
  repeat:
+       /* Moving/renaming is always done while holding reference.
+        * sd->s_parent won't change beneath us.
+        */
        parent_sd = sd->s_parent;
 
        if (sysfs_type(sd) == SYSFS_KOBJ_LINK)
@@ -291,6 +294,17 @@ struct sysfs_dirent *sysfs_new_dirent(const char *name, 
umode_t mode, int type)
        return NULL;
 }
 
+/**
+ *     sysfs_attach_dentry - associate sysfs_dirent with dentry
+ *     @sd: target sysfs_dirent
+ *     @dentry: dentry to associate
+ *
+ *     Associate @sd with @dentry.  This is protected by
+ *     sysfs_assoc_lock to avoid race with sysfs_d_iput().
+ *
+ *     LOCKING:
+ *     mutex_lock(sysfs_mutex)
+ */
 static void sysfs_attach_dentry(struct sysfs_dirent *sd, struct dentry *dentry)
 {
        dentry->d_op = &sysfs_dentry_ops;
@@ -304,6 +318,17 @@ static void sysfs_attach_dentry(struct sysfs_dirent *sd, 
struct dentry *dentry)
        d_rehash(dentry);
 }
 
+/**
+ *     sysfs_attach_dirent - attach sysfs_dirent to its parent and dentry
+ *     @sd: sysfs_dirent to attach
+ *     @parent_sd: parent to attach to (optional)
+ *     @dentry: dentry to be associated to @sd (optional)
+ *
+ *     Attach @sd to @parent_sd and/or @dentry.  Both are optional.
+ *
+ *     LOCKING:
+ *     mutex_lock(sysfs_mutex)
+ */
 void sysfs_attach_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent *sd,
                         struct sysfs_dirent *parent_sd, struct dentry *dentry)
 {
@@ -324,7 +349,7 @@ void sysfs_attach_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent *sd,
  *     Look for sysfs_dirent with name @name under @parent_sd.
  *
  *     LOCKING:
- *     mutex_lock(parent->i_mutex)
+ *     mutex_lock(sysfs_mutex)
  *
  *     RETURNS:
  *     Pointer to sysfs_dirent if found, NULL if not.
@@ -349,7 +374,7 @@ struct sysfs_dirent *sysfs_find_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent 
*parent_sd,
  *     it if found.
  *
  *     LOCKING:
- *     Kernel thread context (may sleep)
+ *     Kernel thread context (may sleep).  Grabs sysfs_mutex.
  *
  *     RETURNS:
  *     Pointer to sysfs_dirent if found, NULL if not.
@@ -359,10 +384,10 @@ struct sysfs_dirent *sysfs_get_dirent(struct sysfs_dirent 
*parent_sd,
 {
        struct sysfs_dirent *sd;
 
-       mutex_lock(&parent_sd->s_dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
        sd = sysfs_find_dirent(parent_sd, name);
        sysfs_get(sd);
-       mutex_unlock(&parent_sd->s_dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
        return sd;
 }
@@ -408,14 +433,20 @@ static int create_dir(struct kobject *kobj, struct 
sysfs_dirent *parent_sd,
        }
 
        /* link in */
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
        error = -EEXIST;
-       if (sysfs_find_dirent(parent_sd, name))
+       if (sysfs_find_dirent(parent_sd, name)) {
+               mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
                goto out_iput;
+       }
 
        sysfs_instantiate(dentry, inode);
        inc_nlink(parent->d_inode);
        sysfs_attach_dirent(sd, parent_sd, dentry);
 
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
        *p_sd = sd;
        error = 0;
        goto out_unlock;        /* pin directory dentry in core */
@@ -493,6 +524,8 @@ static struct dentry * sysfs_lookup(struct inode *dir, 
struct dentry *dentry,
        if (!inode)
                return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
        if (inode->i_state & I_NEW) {
                /* initialize inode according to type */
                switch (sysfs_type(sd)) {
@@ -516,6 +549,8 @@ static struct dentry * sysfs_lookup(struct inode *dir, 
struct dentry *dentry,
        sysfs_instantiate(dentry, inode);
        sysfs_attach_dentry(sd, dentry);
 
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
        return NULL;
 }
 
@@ -526,17 +561,13 @@ const struct inode_operations sysfs_dir_inode_operations 
= {
 
 static void remove_dir(struct sysfs_dirent *sd)
 {
-       struct dentry *parent = sd->s_parent->s_dentry;
-
-       mutex_lock(&parent->d_inode->i_mutex);
-
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
        sysfs_unlink_sibling(sd);
        sd->s_flags |= SYSFS_FLAG_REMOVED;
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
        pr_debug(" o %s removing done\n", sd->s_name);
 
-       mutex_unlock(&parent->d_inode->i_mutex);
-
        sysfs_drop_dentry(sd);
        sysfs_deactivate(sd);
        sysfs_put(sd);
@@ -552,15 +583,12 @@ static void __sysfs_remove_dir(struct sysfs_dirent 
*dir_sd)
 {
        struct sysfs_dirent *removed = NULL;
        struct sysfs_dirent **pos;
-       struct dentry *dir;
 
        if (!dir_sd)
                return;
 
-       dir = dir_sd->s_dentry;
-
        pr_debug("sysfs %s: removing dir\n", dir_sd->s_name);
-       mutex_lock(&dir->d_inode->i_mutex);
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
        pos = &dir_sd->s_children;
        while (*pos) {
                struct sysfs_dirent *sd = *pos;
@@ -573,7 +601,7 @@ static void __sysfs_remove_dir(struct sysfs_dirent *dir_sd)
                } else
                        pos = &(*pos)->s_sibling;
        }
-       mutex_unlock(&dir->d_inode->i_mutex);
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
        while (removed) {
                struct sysfs_dirent *sd = removed;
@@ -621,7 +649,6 @@ int sysfs_rename_dir(struct kobject *kobj, struct 
sysfs_dirent *new_parent_sd,
        if (!new_parent_sd)
                return -EFAULT;
 
-       down_write(&sysfs_rename_sem);
        mutex_lock(&new_parent->d_inode->i_mutex);
 
        new_dentry = lookup_one_len(new_name, new_parent, strlen(new_name));
@@ -661,12 +688,16 @@ int sysfs_rename_dir(struct kobject *kobj, struct 
sysfs_dirent *new_parent_sd,
        d_add(new_dentry, NULL);
        d_move(sd->s_dentry, new_dentry);
 
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
        sysfs_unlink_sibling(sd);
        sysfs_get(new_parent_sd);
        sysfs_put(sd->s_parent);
        sd->s_parent = new_parent_sd;
        sysfs_link_sibling(sd);
 
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
        error = 0;
        goto out_unlock;
 
@@ -678,7 +709,6 @@ int sysfs_rename_dir(struct kobject *kobj, struct 
sysfs_dirent *new_parent_sd,
        dput(new_dentry);
  out_unlock:
        mutex_unlock(&new_parent->d_inode->i_mutex);
-       up_write(&sysfs_rename_sem);
        return error;
 }
 
@@ -717,12 +747,15 @@ again:
        dput(new_dentry);
 
        /* Remove from old parent's list and insert into new parent's list. */
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
        sysfs_unlink_sibling(sd);
        sysfs_get(new_parent_sd);
        sysfs_put(sd->s_parent);
        sd->s_parent = new_parent_sd;
        sysfs_link_sibling(sd);
 
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 out:
        mutex_unlock(&new_parent_dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
        mutex_unlock(&old_parent_dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
@@ -736,11 +769,12 @@ static int sysfs_dir_open(struct inode *inode, struct 
file *file)
        struct sysfs_dirent * parent_sd = dentry->d_fsdata;
        struct sysfs_dirent * sd;
 
-       mutex_lock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
        sd = sysfs_new_dirent("_DIR_", 0, 0);
-       if (sd)
+       if (sd) {
+               mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
                sysfs_attach_dirent(sd, parent_sd, NULL);
-       mutex_unlock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
+               mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
+       }
 
        file->private_data = sd;
        return sd ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
@@ -748,12 +782,11 @@ static int sysfs_dir_open(struct inode *inode, struct 
file *file)
 
 static int sysfs_dir_close(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 {
-       struct dentry * dentry = file->f_path.dentry;
        struct sysfs_dirent * cursor = file->private_data;
 
-       mutex_lock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
        sysfs_unlink_sibling(cursor);
-       mutex_unlock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
        release_sysfs_dirent(cursor);
 
@@ -794,6 +827,8 @@ static int sysfs_readdir(struct file * filp, void * dirent, 
filldir_t filldir)
                        i++;
                        /* fallthrough */
                default:
+                       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
                        pos = &parent_sd->s_children;
                        while (*pos != cursor)
                                pos = &(*pos)->s_sibling;
@@ -826,6 +861,8 @@ static int sysfs_readdir(struct file * filp, void * dirent, 
filldir_t filldir)
                        /* put cursor back in */
                        cursor->s_sibling = *pos;
                        *pos = cursor;
+
+                       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
        }
        return 0;
 }
@@ -834,7 +871,6 @@ static loff_t sysfs_dir_lseek(struct file * file, loff_t 
offset, int origin)
 {
        struct dentry * dentry = file->f_path.dentry;
 
-       mutex_lock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
        switch (origin) {
                case 1:
                        offset += file->f_pos;
@@ -842,10 +878,11 @@ static loff_t sysfs_dir_lseek(struct file * file, loff_t 
offset, int origin)
                        if (offset >= 0)
                                break;
                default:
-                       mutex_unlock(&file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
                        return -EINVAL;
        }
        if (offset != file->f_pos) {
+               mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
                file->f_pos = offset;
                if (file->f_pos >= 2) {
                        struct sysfs_dirent *sd = dentry->d_fsdata;
@@ -866,8 +903,10 @@ static loff_t sysfs_dir_lseek(struct file * file, loff_t 
offset, int origin)
                        cursor->s_sibling = *pos;
                        *pos = cursor;
                }
+
+               mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
        }
-       mutex_unlock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
+
        return offset;
 }
 
@@ -933,7 +972,9 @@ struct sysfs_dirent *sysfs_create_shadow_dir(struct kobject 
*kobj)
        sd->s_elem.dir.kobj = kobj;
        /* point to parent_sd but don't attach to it */
        sd->s_parent = sysfs_get(parent_sd);
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
        sysfs_attach_dirent(sd, NULL, shadow);
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
        d_instantiate(shadow, igrab(inode));
        inc_nlink(inode);
diff --git a/fs/sysfs/file.c b/fs/sysfs/file.c
index 20703b9..d0deed3 100644
--- a/fs/sysfs/file.c
+++ b/fs/sysfs/file.c
@@ -415,29 +415,28 @@ const struct file_operations sysfs_file_operations = {
 int sysfs_add_file(struct sysfs_dirent *dir_sd, const struct attribute *attr,
                   int type)
 {
-       struct dentry *dir = dir_sd->s_dentry;
        umode_t mode = (attr->mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG;
        struct sysfs_dirent *sd;
-       int error = 0;
 
-       mutex_lock(&dir->d_inode->i_mutex);
+       sd = sysfs_new_dirent(attr->name, mode, type);
+       if (!sd)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+       sd->s_elem.attr.attr = (void *)attr;
 
-       if (sysfs_find_dirent(dir_sd, attr->name)) {
-               error = -EEXIST;
-               goto out_unlock;
-       }
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
-       sd = sysfs_new_dirent(attr->name, mode, type);
-       if (!sd) {
-               error = -ENOMEM;
-               goto out_unlock;
+       if (!sysfs_find_dirent(dir_sd, attr->name)) {
+               sysfs_attach_dirent(sd, dir_sd, NULL);
+               sd = NULL;
        }
-       sd->s_elem.attr.attr = (void *)attr;
-       sysfs_attach_dirent(sd, dir_sd, NULL);
 
- out_unlock:
-       mutex_unlock(&dir->d_inode->i_mutex);
-       return error;
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
+
+       if (sd) {
+               sysfs_put(sd);
+               return -EEXIST;
+       }
+       return 0;
 }
 
 
diff --git a/fs/sysfs/inode.c b/fs/sysfs/inode.c
index e4c2393..d439c0b 100644
--- a/fs/sysfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/sysfs/inode.c
@@ -277,20 +277,14 @@ void sysfs_drop_dentry(struct sysfs_dirent *sd)
 
 int sysfs_hash_and_remove(struct sysfs_dirent *dir_sd, const char *name)
 {
-       struct dentry *dir;
        struct sysfs_dirent **pos, *sd;
        int found = 0;
 
        if (!dir_sd)
                return -ENOENT;
 
-       dir = dir_sd->s_dentry;
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
-       if (dir->d_inode == NULL)
-               /* no inode means this hasn't been made visible yet */
-               return -ENOENT;
-
-       mutex_lock_nested(&dir->d_inode->i_mutex, I_MUTEX_PARENT);
        for (pos = &dir_sd->s_children; *pos; pos = &(*pos)->s_sibling) {
                sd = *pos;
 
@@ -304,7 +298,8 @@ int sysfs_hash_and_remove(struct sysfs_dirent *dir_sd, 
const char *name)
                        break;
                }
        }
-       mutex_unlock(&dir->d_inode->i_mutex);
+
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
        if (!found)
                return -ENOENT;
diff --git a/fs/sysfs/symlink.c b/fs/sysfs/symlink.c
index cbd95a4..683316f 100644
--- a/fs/sysfs/symlink.c
+++ b/fs/sysfs/symlink.c
@@ -44,20 +44,6 @@ static void fill_object_path(struct sysfs_dirent *sd, char 
*buffer, int length)
        }
 }
 
-static int sysfs_add_link(struct sysfs_dirent * parent_sd, const char * name,
-                         struct sysfs_dirent * target_sd)
-{
-       struct sysfs_dirent * sd;
-
-       sd = sysfs_new_dirent(name, S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO, SYSFS_KOBJ_LINK);
-       if (!sd)
-               return -ENOMEM;
-
-       sd->s_elem.symlink.target_sd = target_sd;
-       sysfs_attach_dirent(sd, parent_sd, NULL);
-       return 0;
-}
-
 /**
  *     sysfs_create_link - create symlink between two objects.
  *     @kobj:  object whose directory we're creating the link in.
@@ -68,7 +54,8 @@ int sysfs_create_link(struct kobject * kobj, struct kobject * 
target, const char
 {
        struct sysfs_dirent *parent_sd = NULL;
        struct sysfs_dirent *target_sd = NULL;
-       int error = -EEXIST;
+       struct sysfs_dirent *sd = NULL;
+       int error;
 
        BUG_ON(!name);
 
@@ -78,8 +65,9 @@ int sysfs_create_link(struct kobject * kobj, struct kobject * 
target, const char
        } else
                parent_sd = kobj->sd;
 
+       error = -EFAULT;
        if (!parent_sd)
-               return -EFAULT;
+               goto out_put;
 
        /* target->sd can go away beneath us but is protected with
         * sysfs_assoc_lock.  Fetch target_sd from it.
@@ -89,17 +77,30 @@ int sysfs_create_link(struct kobject * kobj, struct kobject 
* target, const char
                target_sd = sysfs_get(target->sd);
        spin_unlock(&sysfs_assoc_lock);
 
+       error = -ENOENT;
        if (!target_sd)
-               return -ENOENT;
+               goto out_put;
+
+       error = -ENOMEM;
+       sd = sysfs_new_dirent(name, S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO, SYSFS_KOBJ_LINK);
+       if (!sd)
+               goto out_put;
+       sd->s_elem.symlink.target_sd = target_sd;
 
-       mutex_lock(&parent_sd->s_dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
-       if (!sysfs_find_dirent(parent_sd, name))
-               error = sysfs_add_link(parent_sd, name, target_sd);
-       mutex_unlock(&parent_sd->s_dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
+       error = -EEXIST;
+       if (sysfs_find_dirent(parent_sd, name))
+               goto out_unlock;
+       sysfs_attach_dirent(sd, parent_sd, NULL);
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
-       if (error)
-               sysfs_put(target_sd);
+       return 0;
 
+ out_unlock:
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
+ out_put:
+       sysfs_put(target_sd);
+       sysfs_put(sd);
        return error;
 }
 
@@ -144,9 +145,9 @@ static int sysfs_getlink(struct dentry *dentry, char * path)
        struct sysfs_dirent *target_sd = sd->s_elem.symlink.target_sd;
        int error;
 
-       down_read(&sysfs_rename_sem);
+       mutex_lock(&sysfs_mutex);
        error = sysfs_get_target_path(parent_sd, target_sd, path);
-       up_read(&sysfs_rename_sem);
+       mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
 
        return error;
 }
diff --git a/fs/sysfs/sysfs.h b/fs/sysfs/sysfs.h
index 4572677..2605161 100644
--- a/fs/sysfs/sysfs.h
+++ b/fs/sysfs/sysfs.h
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ extern void sysfs_drop_dentry(struct sysfs_dirent *sd);
 extern int sysfs_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr);
 
 extern spinlock_t sysfs_assoc_lock;
-extern struct rw_semaphore sysfs_rename_sem;
+extern struct mutex sysfs_mutex;
 extern struct super_block * sysfs_sb;
 extern const struct file_operations sysfs_dir_operations;
 extern const struct file_operations sysfs_file_operations;
-
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