Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=0929c2dd83317813425b937fbc0041013b8685ff
Commit:     0929c2dd83317813425b937fbc0041013b8685ff
Parent:     dd121c4bbf60336773485e91b5cfc57596b45151
Author:     Ranko Zivojnovic <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Mon Jul 16 18:28:32 2007 -0700
Committer:  David S. Miller <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Wed Jul 18 01:46:50 2007 -0700

    [NET]: gen_estimator deadlock fix
    
    -Fixes ABBA deadlock noted by Patrick McHardy <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>:
    
    > There is at least one ABBA deadlock, est_timer() does:
    > read_lock(&est_lock)
    > spin_lock(e->stats_lock) (which is dev->queue_lock)
    >
    > and qdisc_destroy calls htb_destroy under dev->queue_lock, which
    > calls htb_destroy_class, then gen_kill_estimator and this
    > write_locks est_lock.
    
    To fix the ABBA deadlock the rate estimators are now kept on an rcu list.
    
    -The est_lock changes the use from protecting the list to protecting
    the update to the 'bstat' pointer in order to avoid NULL dereferencing.
    
    -The 'interval' member of the gen_estimator structure removed as it is
    not needed.
    
    Signed-off-by: Ranko Zivojnovic <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 net/core/gen_estimator.c |   81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/core/gen_estimator.c b/net/core/gen_estimator.c
index cc84d8d..590a767 100644
--- a/net/core/gen_estimator.c
+++ b/net/core/gen_estimator.c
@@ -79,27 +79,27 @@
 
 struct gen_estimator
 {
-       struct gen_estimator    *next;
+       struct list_head        list;
        struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats;
        struct gnet_stats_rate_est      *rate_est;
        spinlock_t              *stats_lock;
-       unsigned                interval;
        int                     ewma_log;
        u64                     last_bytes;
        u32                     last_packets;
        u32                     avpps;
        u32                     avbps;
+       struct rcu_head         e_rcu;
 };
 
 struct gen_estimator_head
 {
        struct timer_list       timer;
-       struct gen_estimator    *list;
+       struct list_head        list;
 };
 
 static struct gen_estimator_head elist[EST_MAX_INTERVAL+1];
 
-/* Estimator array lock */
+/* Protects against NULL dereference */
 static DEFINE_RWLOCK(est_lock);
 
 static void est_timer(unsigned long arg)
@@ -107,13 +107,17 @@ static void est_timer(unsigned long arg)
        int idx = (int)arg;
        struct gen_estimator *e;
 
-       read_lock(&est_lock);
-       for (e = elist[idx].list; e; e = e->next) {
+       rcu_read_lock();
+       list_for_each_entry_rcu(e, &elist[idx].list, list) {
                u64 nbytes;
                u32 npackets;
                u32 rate;
 
                spin_lock(e->stats_lock);
+               read_lock(&est_lock);
+               if (e->bstats == NULL)
+                       goto skip;
+
                nbytes = e->bstats->bytes;
                npackets = e->bstats->packets;
                rate = (nbytes - e->last_bytes)<<(7 - idx);
@@ -125,12 +129,14 @@ static void est_timer(unsigned long arg)
                e->last_packets = npackets;
                e->avpps += ((long)rate - (long)e->avpps) >> e->ewma_log;
                e->rate_est->pps = (e->avpps+0x1FF)>>10;
+skip:
+               read_unlock(&est_lock);
                spin_unlock(e->stats_lock);
        }
 
-       if (elist[idx].list != NULL)
+       if (!list_empty(&elist[idx].list))
                mod_timer(&elist[idx].timer, jiffies + ((HZ<<idx)/4));
-       read_unlock(&est_lock);
+       rcu_read_unlock();
 }
 
 /**
@@ -147,12 +153,17 @@ static void est_timer(unsigned long arg)
  * &rate_est with the statistics lock grabed during this period.
  *
  * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code.
+ *
+ * NOTE: Called under rtnl_mutex
  */
 int gen_new_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats,
-       struct gnet_stats_rate_est *rate_est, spinlock_t *stats_lock, struct 
rtattr *opt)
+                     struct gnet_stats_rate_est *rate_est,
+                     spinlock_t *stats_lock,
+                     struct rtattr *opt)
 {
        struct gen_estimator *est;
        struct gnet_estimator *parm = RTA_DATA(opt);
+       int idx;
 
        if (RTA_PAYLOAD(opt) < sizeof(*parm))
                return -EINVAL;
@@ -164,7 +175,7 @@ int gen_new_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats,
        if (est == NULL)
                return -ENOBUFS;
 
-       est->interval = parm->interval + 2;
+       idx = parm->interval + 2;
        est->bstats = bstats;
        est->rate_est = rate_est;
        est->stats_lock = stats_lock;
@@ -174,20 +185,25 @@ int gen_new_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats,
        est->last_packets = bstats->packets;
        est->avpps = rate_est->pps<<10;
 
-       est->next = elist[est->interval].list;
-       if (est->next == NULL) {
-               init_timer(&elist[est->interval].timer);
-               elist[est->interval].timer.data = est->interval;
-               elist[est->interval].timer.expires = jiffies + 
((HZ<<est->interval)/4);
-               elist[est->interval].timer.function = est_timer;
-               add_timer(&elist[est->interval].timer);
+       if (!elist[idx].timer.function) {
+               INIT_LIST_HEAD(&elist[idx].list);
+               setup_timer(&elist[idx].timer, est_timer, idx);
        }
-       write_lock_bh(&est_lock);
-       elist[est->interval].list = est;
-       write_unlock_bh(&est_lock);
+
+       if (list_empty(&elist[idx].list))
+               mod_timer(&elist[idx].timer, jiffies + ((HZ<<idx)/4));
+
+       list_add_rcu(&est->list, &elist[idx].list);
        return 0;
 }
 
+static void __gen_kill_estimator(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+       struct gen_estimator *e = container_of(head,
+                                       struct gen_estimator, e_rcu);
+       kfree(e);
+}
+
 /**
  * gen_kill_estimator - remove a rate estimator
  * @bstats: basic statistics
@@ -195,31 +211,32 @@ int gen_new_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats,
  *
  * Removes the rate estimator specified by &bstats and &rate_est
  * and deletes the timer.
+ *
+ * NOTE: Called under rtnl_mutex
  */
 void gen_kill_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats,
        struct gnet_stats_rate_est *rate_est)
 {
        int idx;
-       struct gen_estimator *est, **pest;
+       struct gen_estimator *e, *n;
 
        for (idx=0; idx <= EST_MAX_INTERVAL; idx++) {
-               int killed = 0;
-               pest = &elist[idx].list;
-               while ((est=*pest) != NULL) {
-                       if (est->rate_est != rate_est || est->bstats != bstats) 
{
-                               pest = &est->next;
+
+               /* Skip non initialized indexes */
+               if (!elist[idx].timer.function)
+                       continue;
+
+               list_for_each_entry_safe(e, n, &elist[idx].list, list) {
+                       if (e->rate_est != rate_est || e->bstats != bstats)
                                continue;
-                       }
 
                        write_lock_bh(&est_lock);
-                       *pest = est->next;
+                       e->bstats = NULL;
                        write_unlock_bh(&est_lock);
 
-                       kfree(est);
-                       killed++;
+                       list_del_rcu(&e->list);
+                       call_rcu(&e->e_rcu, __gen_kill_estimator);
                }
-               if (killed && elist[idx].list == NULL)
-                       del_timer(&elist[idx].timer);
        }
 }
 
-
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