Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=1c0eeaf5698597146ed9b873e2f9e0961edcf0f9
Commit:     1c0eeaf5698597146ed9b873e2f9e0961edcf0f9
Parent:     2e6883bdf49abd0e7f0d9b6297fc3be7ebb2250b
Author:     Joern Engel <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Tue Oct 16 23:30:44 2007 -0700
Committer:  Linus Torvalds <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Wed Oct 17 08:43:02 2007 -0700

    introduce I_SYNC
    
    I_LOCK was used for several unrelated purposes, which caused deadlock
    situations in certain filesystems as a side effect.  One of the purposes
    now uses the new I_SYNC bit.
    
    Also document the various bits and change their order from historical to
    logical.
    
    [EMAIL PROTECTED]: make fs/inode.c:wake_up_inode() static]
    Signed-off-by: Joern Engel <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Cc: Dave Kleikamp <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Cc: David Chinner <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Cc: Anton Altaparmakov <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Cc: Al Viro <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Cc: Christoph Hellwig <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 fs/fs-writeback.c           |   39 +++++++++++++++---------
 fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c        |    2 +-
 fs/inode.c                  |   24 +++++++-------
 fs/jfs/jfs_txnmgr.c         |    9 +++++-
 fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_iops.c |    4 +-
 include/linux/fs.h          |   70 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 include/linux/writeback.h   |    8 ++++-
 mm/page-writeback.c         |    2 +-
 8 files changed, 116 insertions(+), 42 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/fs-writeback.c b/fs/fs-writeback.c
index 71c158a..686734f 100644
--- a/fs/fs-writeback.c
+++ b/fs/fs-writeback.c
@@ -100,11 +100,11 @@ void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode, int flags)
                inode->i_state |= flags;
 
                /*
-                * If the inode is locked, just update its dirty state. 
+                * If the inode is being synced, just update its dirty state.
                 * The unlocker will place the inode on the appropriate
                 * superblock list, based upon its state.
                 */
-               if (inode->i_state & I_LOCK)
+               if (inode->i_state & I_SYNC)
                        goto out;
 
                /*
@@ -172,6 +172,15 @@ static void requeue_io(struct inode *inode)
        list_move(&inode->i_list, &inode->i_sb->s_more_io);
 }
 
+static void inode_sync_complete(struct inode *inode)
+{
+       /*
+        * Prevent speculative execution through spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
+        */
+       smp_mb();
+       wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_SYNC);
+}
+
 /*
  * Move expired dirty inodes from @delaying_queue to @dispatch_queue.
  */
@@ -225,11 +234,11 @@ __sync_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct 
writeback_control *wbc)
        int wait = wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL;
        int ret;
 
-       BUG_ON(inode->i_state & I_LOCK);
+       BUG_ON(inode->i_state & I_SYNC);
 
-       /* Set I_LOCK, reset I_DIRTY */
+       /* Set I_SYNC, reset I_DIRTY */
        dirty = inode->i_state & I_DIRTY;
-       inode->i_state |= I_LOCK;
+       inode->i_state |= I_SYNC;
        inode->i_state &= ~I_DIRTY;
 
        spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
@@ -250,7 +259,7 @@ __sync_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct 
writeback_control *wbc)
        }
 
        spin_lock(&inode_lock);
-       inode->i_state &= ~I_LOCK;
+       inode->i_state &= ~I_SYNC;
        if (!(inode->i_state & I_FREEING)) {
                if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY) &&
                    mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) {
@@ -305,7 +314,7 @@ __sync_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct 
writeback_control *wbc)
                        list_move(&inode->i_list, &inode_unused);
                }
        }
-       wake_up_inode(inode);
+       inode_sync_complete(inode);
        return ret;
 }
 
@@ -324,7 +333,7 @@ __writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct 
writeback_control *wbc)
        else
                WARN_ON(inode->i_state & I_WILL_FREE);
 
-       if ((wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL) && (inode->i_state & I_LOCK)) {
+       if ((wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL) && (inode->i_state & I_SYNC)) {
                struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
                int ret;
 
@@ -350,16 +359,16 @@ __writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct 
writeback_control *wbc)
        /*
         * It's a data-integrity sync.  We must wait.
         */
-       if (inode->i_state & I_LOCK) {
-               DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wq, &inode->i_state, __I_LOCK);
+       if (inode->i_state & I_SYNC) {
+               DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wq, &inode->i_state, __I_SYNC);
 
-               wqh = bit_waitqueue(&inode->i_state, __I_LOCK);
+               wqh = bit_waitqueue(&inode->i_state, __I_SYNC);
                do {
                        spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
                        __wait_on_bit(wqh, &wq, inode_wait,
                                                        TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
                        spin_lock(&inode_lock);
-               } while (inode->i_state & I_LOCK);
+               } while (inode->i_state & I_SYNC);
        }
        return __sync_single_inode(inode, wbc);
 }
@@ -392,7 +401,7 @@ __writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct 
writeback_control *wbc)
  * The inodes to be written are parked on sb->s_io.  They are moved back onto
  * sb->s_dirty as they are selected for writing.  This way, none can be missed
  * on the writer throttling path, and we get decent balancing between many
- * throttled threads: we don't want them all piling up on __wait_on_inode.
+ * throttled threads: we don't want them all piling up on inode_sync_wait.
  */
 static void
 sync_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct writeback_control *wbc)
@@ -661,7 +670,7 @@ int write_inode_now(struct inode *inode, int sync)
        ret = __writeback_single_inode(inode, &wbc);
        spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
        if (sync)
-               wait_on_inode(inode);
+               inode_sync_wait(inode);
        return ret;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(write_inode_now);
@@ -736,7 +745,7 @@ int generic_osync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct 
address_space *mapping, int
                        err = err2;
        }
        else
-               wait_on_inode(inode);
+               inode_sync_wait(inode);
 
        return err;
 }
diff --git a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
index 6bf6890..0f5df73 100644
--- a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
@@ -384,7 +384,7 @@ static void hugetlbfs_forget_inode(struct inode *inode) 
__releases(inode_lock)
        struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
 
        if (!hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash)) {
-               if (!(inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY|I_LOCK)))
+               if (!(inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY|I_SYNC)))
                        list_move(&inode->i_list, &inode_unused);
                inodes_stat.nr_unused++;
                if (!sb || (sb->s_flags & MS_ACTIVE)) {
diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
index c616577..ed35383 100644
--- a/fs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/inode.c
@@ -99,6 +99,15 @@ struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat;
 
 static struct kmem_cache * inode_cachep __read_mostly;
 
+static void wake_up_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+       /*
+        * Prevent speculative execution through spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
+        */
+       smp_mb();
+       wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_LOCK);
+}
+
 static struct inode *alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
 {
        static const struct address_space_operations empty_aops;
@@ -232,7 +241,7 @@ void __iget(struct inode * inode)
                return;
        }
        atomic_inc(&inode->i_count);
-       if (!(inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY|I_LOCK)))
+       if (!(inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY|I_SYNC)))
                list_move(&inode->i_list, &inode_in_use);
        inodes_stat.nr_unused--;
 }
@@ -253,7 +262,7 @@ void clear_inode(struct inode *inode)
        BUG_ON(inode->i_data.nrpages);
        BUG_ON(!(inode->i_state & I_FREEING));
        BUG_ON(inode->i_state & I_CLEAR);
-       wait_on_inode(inode);
+       inode_sync_wait(inode);
        DQUOT_DROP(inode);
        if (inode->i_sb->s_op->clear_inode)
                inode->i_sb->s_op->clear_inode(inode);
@@ -1071,7 +1080,7 @@ static void generic_forget_inode(struct inode *inode)
        struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
 
        if (!hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash)) {
-               if (!(inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY|I_LOCK)))
+               if (!(inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY|I_SYNC)))
                        list_move(&inode->i_list, &inode_unused);
                inodes_stat.nr_unused++;
                if (sb->s_flags & MS_ACTIVE) {
@@ -1314,15 +1323,6 @@ static void __wait_on_freeing_inode(struct inode *inode)
        spin_lock(&inode_lock);
 }
 
-void wake_up_inode(struct inode *inode)
-{
-       /*
-        * Prevent speculative execution through spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
-        */
-       smp_mb();
-       wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_LOCK);
-}
-
 /*
  * We rarely want to lock two inodes that do not have a parent/child
  * relationship (such as directory, child inode) simultaneously. The
diff --git a/fs/jfs/jfs_txnmgr.c b/fs/jfs/jfs_txnmgr.c
index 7aa1f70..e7c60ae 100644
--- a/fs/jfs/jfs_txnmgr.c
+++ b/fs/jfs/jfs_txnmgr.c
@@ -1289,7 +1289,14 @@ int txCommit(tid_t tid,          /* transaction 
identifier */
                 * commit the transaction synchronously, so the last iput
                 * will be done by the calling thread (or later)
                 */
-               if (tblk->u.ip->i_state & I_LOCK)
+               /*
+                * I believe this code is no longer needed.  Splitting I_LOCK
+                * into two bits, I_LOCK and I_SYNC should prevent this
+                * deadlock as well.  But since I don't have a JFS testload
+                * to verify this, only a trivial s/I_LOCK/I_SYNC/ was done.
+                * Joern
+                */
+               if (tblk->u.ip->i_state & I_SYNC)
                        tblk->xflag &= ~COMMIT_LAZY;
        }
 
diff --git a/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_iops.c b/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_iops.c
index 0b5fa12..e0e06dd 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_iops.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_iops.c
@@ -133,7 +133,7 @@ xfs_ichgtime(
         */
        SYNCHRONIZE();
        ip->i_update_core = 1;
-       if (!(inode->i_state & I_LOCK))
+       if (!(inode->i_state & I_SYNC))
                mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode);
 }
 
@@ -185,7 +185,7 @@ xfs_ichgtime_fast(
         */
        SYNCHRONIZE();
        ip->i_update_core = 1;
-       if (!(inode->i_state & I_LOCK))
+       if (!(inode->i_state & I_SYNC))
                mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode);
 }
 
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index b70331f..365586a 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1261,16 +1261,68 @@ struct super_operations {
 #endif
 };
 
-/* Inode state bits.  Protected by inode_lock. */
-#define I_DIRTY_SYNC           1 /* Not dirty enough for O_DATASYNC */
-#define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC       2 /* Data-related inode changes pending */
-#define I_DIRTY_PAGES          4 /* Data-related inode changes pending */
-#define __I_LOCK               3
+/*
+ * Inode state bits.  Protected by inode_lock.
+ *
+ * Three bits determine the dirty state of the inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC,
+ * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC and I_DIRTY_PAGES.
+ *
+ * Four bits define the lifetime of an inode.  Initially, inodes are I_NEW,
+ * until that flag is cleared.  I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING and I_CLEAR are set at
+ * various stages of removing an inode.
+ *
+ * Two bits are used for locking and completion notification, I_LOCK and 
I_SYNC.
+ *
+ * I_DIRTY_SYNC                Inode itself is dirty.
+ * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC    Data-related inode changes pending
+ * I_DIRTY_PAGES       Inode has dirty pages.  Inode itself may be clean.
+ * I_NEW               get_new_inode() sets i_state to I_LOCK|I_NEW.  Both
+ *                     are cleared by unlock_new_inode(), called from iget().
+ * I_WILL_FREE         Must be set when calling write_inode_now() if i_count
+ *                     is zero.  I_FREEING must be set when I_WILL_FREE is
+ *                     cleared.
+ * I_FREEING           Set when inode is about to be freed but still has dirty
+ *                     pages or buffers attached or the inode itself is still
+ *                     dirty.
+ * I_CLEAR             Set by clear_inode().  In this state the inode is clean
+ *                     and can be destroyed.
+ *
+ *                     Inodes that are I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR are
+ *                     prohibited for many purposes.  iget() must wait for
+ *                     the inode to be completely released, then create it
+ *                     anew.  Other functions will just ignore such inodes,
+ *                     if appropriate.  I_LOCK is used for waiting.
+ *
+ * I_LOCK              Serves as both a mutex and completion notification.
+ *                     New inodes set I_LOCK.  If two processes both create
+ *                     the same inode, one of them will release its inode and
+ *                     wait for I_LOCK to be released before returning.
+ *                     Inodes in I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR state can
+ *                     also cause waiting on I_LOCK, without I_LOCK actually
+ *                     being set.  find_inode() uses this to prevent returning
+ *                     nearly-dead inodes.
+ * I_SYNC              Similar to I_LOCK, but limited in scope to writeback
+ *                     of inode dirty data.  Having a seperate lock for this
+ *                     purpose reduces latency and prevents some filesystem-
+ *                     specific deadlocks.
+ *
+ * Q: Why does I_DIRTY_DATASYNC exist?  It appears as if it could be replaced
+ *    by (I_DIRTY_SYNC|I_DIRTY_PAGES).
+ * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING?
+ * Q: igrab() only checks on (I_FREEING|I_WILL_FREE).  Should it also check on
+ *    I_CLEAR?  If not, why?
+ */
+#define I_DIRTY_SYNC           1
+#define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC       2
+#define I_DIRTY_PAGES          4
+#define I_NEW                  8
+#define I_WILL_FREE            16
+#define I_FREEING              32
+#define I_CLEAR                        64
+#define __I_LOCK               7
 #define I_LOCK                 (1 << __I_LOCK)
-#define I_FREEING              16
-#define I_CLEAR                        32
-#define I_NEW                  64
-#define I_WILL_FREE            128
+#define __I_SYNC               8
+#define I_SYNC                 (1 << __I_SYNC)
 
 #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC | I_DIRTY_PAGES)
 
diff --git a/include/linux/writeback.h b/include/linux/writeback.h
index 1200868..bef7d66 100644
--- a/include/linux/writeback.h
+++ b/include/linux/writeback.h
@@ -69,7 +69,6 @@ struct writeback_control {
  * fs/fs-writeback.c
  */    
 void writeback_inodes(struct writeback_control *wbc);
-void wake_up_inode(struct inode *inode);
 int inode_wait(void *);
 void sync_inodes_sb(struct super_block *, int wait);
 void sync_inodes(int wait);
@@ -81,6 +80,13 @@ static inline void wait_on_inode(struct inode *inode)
        wait_on_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_LOCK, inode_wait,
                                                        TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
 }
+static inline void inode_sync_wait(struct inode *inode)
+{
+       might_sleep();
+       wait_on_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_SYNC, inode_wait,
+                                                       TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+}
+
 
 /*
  * mm/page-writeback.c
diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
index bcdbbf6..d8c21e5 100644
--- a/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@
 
 /*
  * The maximum number of pages to writeout in a single bdflush/kupdate
- * operation.  We do this so we don't hold I_LOCK against an inode for
+ * operation.  We do this so we don't hold I_SYNC against an inode for
  * enormous amounts of time, which would block a userspace task which has
  * been forced to throttle against that inode.  Also, the code reevaluates
  * the dirty each time it has written this many pages.
-
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