Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=42b36cc0ce717deeb10030141a43dede763a3ebe
Commit:     42b36cc0ce717deeb10030141a43dede763a3ebe
Parent:     1200e646ae238afc536be70257290eb33fb6e364
Author:     Rusty Russell <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Mon Nov 12 13:39:18 2007 +1100
Committer:  Rusty Russell <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Mon Nov 12 13:59:40 2007 +1100

    virtio: Force use of power-of-two for descriptor ring sizes
    
    The virtio descriptor rings of size N-1 were nicely set up to be
    aligned to an N-byte boundary.  But as Anthony Liguori points out, the
    free-running indices used by virtio require that the sizes be a power
    of 2, otherwise we get problems on wrap (demonstrated with lguest).
    
    So we replace the clever "2^n-1" scheme with a simple "align to page
    boundary" scheme: this means that all virtio rings take at least two
    pages, but it's safer than guessing cache alignment.
    
    Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 Documentation/lguest/lguest.c  |    9 +++++----
 drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c |    3 ++-
 drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c   |    8 +++++++-
 include/linux/virtio_ring.h    |   19 +++++++++++--------
 4 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/lguest/lguest.c b/Documentation/lguest/lguest.c
index 157f6a2..4200839 100644
--- a/Documentation/lguest/lguest.c
+++ b/Documentation/lguest/lguest.c
@@ -62,8 +62,8 @@ typedef uint8_t u8;
 #endif
 /* We can have up to 256 pages for devices. */
 #define DEVICE_PAGES 256
-/* This fits nicely in a single 4096-byte page. */
-#define VIRTQUEUE_NUM 127
+/* This will occupy 2 pages: it must be a power of 2. */
+#define VIRTQUEUE_NUM 128
 
 /*L:120 verbose is both a global flag and a macro.  The C preprocessor allows
  * this, and although I wouldn't recommend it, it works quite nicely here. */
@@ -1036,7 +1036,8 @@ static void add_virtqueue(struct device *dev, unsigned 
int num_descs,
        void *p;
 
        /* First we need some pages for this virtqueue. */
-       pages = (vring_size(num_descs) + getpagesize() - 1) / getpagesize();
+       pages = (vring_size(num_descs, getpagesize()) + getpagesize() - 1)
+               / getpagesize();
        p = get_pages(pages);
 
        /* Initialize the configuration. */
@@ -1045,7 +1046,7 @@ static void add_virtqueue(struct device *dev, unsigned 
int num_descs,
        vq->config.pfn = to_guest_phys(p) / getpagesize();
 
        /* Initialize the vring. */
-       vring_init(&vq->vring, num_descs, p);
+       vring_init(&vq->vring, num_descs, p, getpagesize());
 
        /* Add the configuration information to this device's descriptor. */
        add_desc_field(dev, VIRTIO_CONFIG_F_VIRTQUEUE,
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c b/drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c
index 8904f72..66f3872 100644
--- a/drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c
+++ b/drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c
@@ -200,7 +200,8 @@ static struct virtqueue *lg_find_vq(struct virtio_device 
*vdev,
 
        /* Figure out how many pages the ring will take, and map that memory */
        lvq->pages = lguest_map((unsigned long)lvq->config.pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
-                               DIV_ROUND_UP(vring_size(lvq->config.num),
+                               DIV_ROUND_UP(vring_size(lvq->config.num,
+                                                       PAGE_SIZE),
                                             PAGE_SIZE));
        if (!lvq->pages) {
                err = -ENOMEM;
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
index 0e1bf05..1dc04b6 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
@@ -277,11 +277,17 @@ struct virtqueue *vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int num,
        struct vring_virtqueue *vq;
        unsigned int i;
 
+       /* We assume num is a power of 2. */
+       if (num & (num - 1)) {
+               dev_warn(&vdev->dev, "Bad virtqueue length %u\n", num);
+               return NULL;
+       }
+
        vq = kmalloc(sizeof(*vq) + sizeof(void *)*num, GFP_KERNEL);
        if (!vq)
                return NULL;
 
-       vring_init(&vq->vring, num, pages);
+       vring_init(&vq->vring, num, pages, PAGE_SIZE);
        vq->vq.callback = callback;
        vq->vq.vdev = vdev;
        vq->vq.vq_ops = &vring_vq_ops;
diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_ring.h b/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
index 5b88d21..1a4ed49 100644
--- a/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
+++ b/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@ struct vring {
 };
 
 /* The standard layout for the ring is a continuous chunk of memory which looks
- * like this.  The used fields will be aligned to a "num+1" boundary.
+ * like this.  We assume num is a power of 2.
  *
  * struct vring
  * {
@@ -79,8 +79,8 @@ struct vring {
  *     __u16 avail_idx;
  *     __u16 available[num];
  *
- *     // Padding so a correctly-chosen num value will cache-align used_idx.
- *     char pad[sizeof(struct vring_desc) - sizeof(avail_flags)];
+ *     // Padding to the next page boundary.
+ *     char pad[];
  *
  *     // A ring of used descriptor heads with free-running index.
  *     __u16 used_flags;
@@ -88,18 +88,21 @@ struct vring {
  *     struct vring_used_elem used[num];
  * };
  */
-static inline void vring_init(struct vring *vr, unsigned int num, void *p)
+static inline void vring_init(struct vring *vr, unsigned int num, void *p,
+                             unsigned int pagesize)
 {
        vr->num = num;
        vr->desc = p;
        vr->avail = p + num*sizeof(struct vring_desc);
-       vr->used = p + (num+1)*(sizeof(struct vring_desc) + sizeof(__u16));
+       vr->used = (void *)(((unsigned long)&vr->avail->ring[num] + pagesize-1)
+                           & ~(pagesize - 1));
 }
 
-static inline unsigned vring_size(unsigned int num)
+static inline unsigned vring_size(unsigned int num, unsigned int pagesize)
 {
-       return (num + 1) * (sizeof(struct vring_desc) + sizeof(__u16))
-               + sizeof(__u32) + num * sizeof(struct vring_used_elem);
+       return ((sizeof(struct vring_desc) * num + sizeof(__u16) * (2 + num)
+                + pagesize - 1) & ~(pagesize - 1))
+               + sizeof(__u16) * 2 + sizeof(struct vring_used_elem) * num;
 }
 
 #ifdef __KERNEL__
-
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