Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=3884f7b0a8382b89d8ca5da23bd98e3e15fc805b
Commit:     3884f7b0a8382b89d8ca5da23bd98e3e15fc805b
Parent:     6f1d1e3a03fd04a9d9c82fd3cf414020097bb142
Author:     Tejun Heo <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Tue Nov 27 19:28:56 2007 +0900
Committer:  Jeff Garzik <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Wed Jan 23 05:24:10 2008 -0500

    libata: clean up EH speed down implementation
    
    Clean up EH speed down implementation.
    
    * is_io boolean variable is replaced eflags.  is_io is ATA_EFLAG_IS_IO.
    
    * Error categories now have names.
    
    * Better comments.
    
    * Reorder 5min and 10min rules in ata_eh_speed_down_verdict()
    
    * Use local variable @link to cache @dev->link in ata_eh_speed_down()
    
    These changes are to improve readability and ease further changes.
    This patch doesn't introduce any behavior change.
    
    Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Jeff Garzik <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 drivers/ata/libata-eh.c |  117 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 include/linux/libata.h  |    2 +-
 2 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 45 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/ata/libata-eh.c b/drivers/ata/libata-eh.c
index ebab759..b01ade1 100644
--- a/drivers/ata/libata-eh.c
+++ b/drivers/ata/libata-eh.c
@@ -46,9 +46,20 @@
 #include "libata.h"
 
 enum {
+       /* speed down verdicts */
        ATA_EH_SPDN_NCQ_OFF             = (1 << 0),
        ATA_EH_SPDN_SPEED_DOWN          = (1 << 1),
        ATA_EH_SPDN_FALLBACK_TO_PIO     = (1 << 2),
+
+       /* error flags */
+       ATA_EFLAG_IS_IO                 = (1 << 0),
+
+       /* error categories */
+       ATA_ECAT_NONE                   = 0,
+       ATA_ECAT_ATA_BUS                = 1,
+       ATA_ECAT_TOUT_HSM               = 2,
+       ATA_ECAT_UNK_DEV                = 3,
+       ATA_ECAT_NR                     = 4,
 };
 
 /* Waiting in ->prereset can never be reliable.  It's sometimes nice
@@ -218,7 +229,7 @@ void ata_port_pbar_desc(struct ata_port *ap, int bar, 
ssize_t offset,
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */
 
-static void ata_ering_record(struct ata_ering *ering, int is_io,
+static void ata_ering_record(struct ata_ering *ering, unsigned int eflags,
                             unsigned int err_mask)
 {
        struct ata_ering_entry *ent;
@@ -229,7 +240,7 @@ static void ata_ering_record(struct ata_ering *ering, int 
is_io,
        ering->cursor %= ATA_ERING_SIZE;
 
        ent = &ering->ring[ering->cursor];
-       ent->is_io = is_io;
+       ent->eflags = eflags;
        ent->err_mask = err_mask;
        ent->timestamp = get_jiffies_64();
 }
@@ -1451,20 +1462,20 @@ static unsigned int ata_eh_analyze_tf(struct 
ata_queued_cmd *qc,
        return action;
 }
 
-static int ata_eh_categorize_error(int is_io, unsigned int err_mask)
+static int ata_eh_categorize_error(unsigned int eflags, unsigned int err_mask)
 {
        if (err_mask & AC_ERR_ATA_BUS)
-               return 1;
+               return ATA_ECAT_ATA_BUS;
 
        if (err_mask & AC_ERR_TIMEOUT)
-               return 2;
+               return ATA_ECAT_TOUT_HSM;
 
-       if (is_io) {
+       if (eflags & ATA_EFLAG_IS_IO) {
                if (err_mask & AC_ERR_HSM)
-                       return 2;
+                       return ATA_ECAT_TOUT_HSM;
                if ((err_mask &
                     (AC_ERR_DEV|AC_ERR_MEDIA|AC_ERR_INVALID)) == AC_ERR_DEV)
-                       return 3;
+                       return ATA_ECAT_UNK_DEV;
        }
 
        return 0;
@@ -1472,13 +1483,13 @@ static int ata_eh_categorize_error(int is_io, unsigned 
int err_mask)
 
 struct speed_down_verdict_arg {
        u64 since;
-       int nr_errors[4];
+       int nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_NR];
 };
 
 static int speed_down_verdict_cb(struct ata_ering_entry *ent, void *void_arg)
 {
        struct speed_down_verdict_arg *arg = void_arg;
-       int cat = ata_eh_categorize_error(ent->is_io, ent->err_mask);
+       int cat = ata_eh_categorize_error(ent->eflags, ent->err_mask);
 
        if (ent->timestamp < arg->since)
                return -1;
@@ -1495,22 +1506,33 @@ static int speed_down_verdict_cb(struct ata_ering_entry 
*ent, void *void_arg)
  *     whether NCQ needs to be turned off, transfer speed should be
  *     stepped down, or falling back to PIO is necessary.
  *
- *     Cat-1 is ATA_BUS error for any command.
+ *     ECAT_ATA_BUS    : ATA_BUS error for any command
+ *
+ *     ECAT_TOUT_HSM   : TIMEOUT for any command or HSM violation for
+ *                       IO commands
+ *
+ *     ECAT_UNK_DEV    : Unknown DEV error for IO commands
+ *
+ *     Verdicts are
  *
- *     Cat-2 is TIMEOUT for any command or HSM violation for known
- *     supported commands.
+ *     NCQ_OFF         : Turn off NCQ.
  *
- *     Cat-3 is is unclassified DEV error for known supported
- *     command.
+ *     SPEED_DOWN      : Speed down transfer speed but don't fall back
+ *                       to PIO.
  *
- *     NCQ needs to be turned off if there have been more than 3
- *     Cat-2 + Cat-3 errors during last 10 minutes.
+ *     FALLBACK_TO_PIO : Fall back to PIO.
  *
- *     Speed down is necessary if there have been more than 3 Cat-1 +
- *     Cat-2 errors or 10 Cat-3 errors during last 10 minutes.
+ *     Even if multiple verdicts are returned, only one action is
+ *     taken per error.  ering is cleared after an action is taken.
  *
- *     Falling back to PIO mode is necessary if there have been more
- *     than 10 Cat-1 + Cat-2 + Cat-3 errors during last 5 minutes.
+ *     1. If more than 10 ATA_BUS, TOUT_HSM or UNK_DEV errors
+ *        ocurred during last 5 mins, FALLBACK_TO_PIO
+ *
+ *     2. If more than 3 TOUT_HSM or UNK_DEV errors occurred
+ *        during last 10 mins, NCQ_OFF.
+ *
+ *     3. If more than 3 ATA_BUS or TOUT_HSM errors, or more than 10
+ *        UNK_DEV errors occurred during last 10 mins, SPEED_DOWN.
  *
  *     LOCKING:
  *     Inherited from caller.
@@ -1525,23 +1547,29 @@ static unsigned int ata_eh_speed_down_verdict(struct 
ata_device *dev)
        struct speed_down_verdict_arg arg;
        unsigned int verdict = 0;
 
-       /* scan past 10 mins of error history */
+       /* scan past 5 mins of error history */
        memset(&arg, 0, sizeof(arg));
-       arg.since = j64 - min(j64, j10mins);
+       arg.since = j64 - min(j64, j5mins);
        ata_ering_map(&dev->ering, speed_down_verdict_cb, &arg);
 
-       if (arg.nr_errors[2] + arg.nr_errors[3] > 3)
-               verdict |= ATA_EH_SPDN_NCQ_OFF;
-       if (arg.nr_errors[1] + arg.nr_errors[2] > 3 || arg.nr_errors[3] > 10)
-               verdict |= ATA_EH_SPDN_SPEED_DOWN;
+       if (arg.nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_ATA_BUS] +
+           arg.nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_TOUT_HSM] +
+           arg.nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_UNK_DEV] > 10)
+               verdict |= ATA_EH_SPDN_FALLBACK_TO_PIO;
 
-       /* scan past 3 mins of error history */
+       /* scan past 10 mins of error history */
        memset(&arg, 0, sizeof(arg));
-       arg.since = j64 - min(j64, j5mins);
+       arg.since = j64 - min(j64, j10mins);
        ata_ering_map(&dev->ering, speed_down_verdict_cb, &arg);
 
-       if (arg.nr_errors[1] + arg.nr_errors[2] + arg.nr_errors[3] > 10)
-               verdict |= ATA_EH_SPDN_FALLBACK_TO_PIO;
+       if (arg.nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_TOUT_HSM] +
+           arg.nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_UNK_DEV] > 3)
+               verdict |= ATA_EH_SPDN_NCQ_OFF;
+
+       if (arg.nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_ATA_BUS] +
+           arg.nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_TOUT_HSM] > 3 ||
+           arg.nr_errors[ATA_ECAT_UNK_DEV] > 10)
+               verdict |= ATA_EH_SPDN_SPEED_DOWN;
 
        return verdict;
 }
@@ -1549,7 +1577,7 @@ static unsigned int ata_eh_speed_down_verdict(struct 
ata_device *dev)
 /**
  *     ata_eh_speed_down - record error and speed down if necessary
  *     @dev: Failed device
- *     @is_io: Did the device fail during normal IO?
+ *     @eflags: mask of ATA_EFLAG_* flags
  *     @err_mask: err_mask of the error
  *
  *     Record error and examine error history to determine whether
@@ -1563,18 +1591,19 @@ static unsigned int ata_eh_speed_down_verdict(struct 
ata_device *dev)
  *     RETURNS:
  *     Determined recovery action.
  */
-static unsigned int ata_eh_speed_down(struct ata_device *dev, int is_io,
-                                     unsigned int err_mask)
+static unsigned int ata_eh_speed_down(struct ata_device *dev,
+                               unsigned int eflags, unsigned int err_mask)
 {
+       struct ata_link *link = dev->link;
        unsigned int verdict;
        unsigned int action = 0;
 
        /* don't bother if Cat-0 error */
-       if (ata_eh_categorize_error(is_io, err_mask) == 0)
+       if (ata_eh_categorize_error(eflags, err_mask) == 0)
                return 0;
 
        /* record error and determine whether speed down is necessary */
-       ata_ering_record(&dev->ering, is_io, err_mask);
+       ata_ering_record(&dev->ering, eflags, err_mask);
        verdict = ata_eh_speed_down_verdict(dev);
 
        /* turn off NCQ? */
@@ -1590,7 +1619,7 @@ static unsigned int ata_eh_speed_down(struct ata_device 
*dev, int is_io,
        /* speed down? */
        if (verdict & ATA_EH_SPDN_SPEED_DOWN) {
                /* speed down SATA link speed if possible */
-               if (sata_down_spd_limit(dev->link) == 0) {
+               if (sata_down_spd_limit(link) == 0) {
                        action |= ATA_EH_HARDRESET;
                        goto done;
                }
@@ -1621,7 +1650,7 @@ static unsigned int ata_eh_speed_down(struct ata_device 
*dev, int is_io,
         * SATA.  Consider it only for PATA.
         */
        if ((verdict & ATA_EH_SPDN_FALLBACK_TO_PIO) && (dev->spdn_cnt >= 2) &&
-           (dev->link->ap->cbl != ATA_CBL_SATA) &&
+           (link->ap->cbl != ATA_CBL_SATA) &&
            (dev->xfer_shift != ATA_SHIFT_PIO)) {
                if (ata_down_xfermask_limit(dev, ATA_DNXFER_FORCE_PIO) == 0) {
                        dev->spdn_cnt = 0;
@@ -1653,8 +1682,8 @@ static void ata_eh_link_autopsy(struct ata_link *link)
        struct ata_port *ap = link->ap;
        struct ata_eh_context *ehc = &link->eh_context;
        struct ata_device *dev;
-       unsigned int all_err_mask = 0;
-       int tag, is_io = 0;
+       unsigned int all_err_mask = 0, eflags = 0;
+       int tag;
        u32 serror;
        int rc;
 
@@ -1713,15 +1742,15 @@ static void ata_eh_link_autopsy(struct ata_link *link)
                ehc->i.dev = qc->dev;
                all_err_mask |= qc->err_mask;
                if (qc->flags & ATA_QCFLAG_IO)
-                       is_io = 1;
+                       eflags |= ATA_EFLAG_IS_IO;
        }
 
        /* enforce default EH actions */
        if (ap->pflags & ATA_PFLAG_FROZEN ||
            all_err_mask & (AC_ERR_HSM | AC_ERR_TIMEOUT))
                ehc->i.action |= ATA_EH_SOFTRESET;
-       else if ((is_io && all_err_mask) ||
-                (!is_io && (all_err_mask & ~AC_ERR_DEV)))
+       else if (((eflags & ATA_EFLAG_IS_IO) && all_err_mask) ||
+                (!(eflags & ATA_EFLAG_IS_IO) && (all_err_mask & ~AC_ERR_DEV)))
                ehc->i.action |= ATA_EH_REVALIDATE;
 
        /* If we have offending qcs and the associated failed device,
@@ -1744,7 +1773,7 @@ static void ata_eh_link_autopsy(struct ata_link *link)
            dev = link->device;
 
        if (dev)
-               ehc->i.action |= ata_eh_speed_down(dev, is_io, all_err_mask);
+               ehc->i.action |= ata_eh_speed_down(dev, eflags, all_err_mask);
 
        DPRINTK("EXIT\n");
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/libata.h b/include/linux/libata.h
index ca347b0..74f1255 100644
--- a/include/linux/libata.h
+++ b/include/linux/libata.h
@@ -482,7 +482,7 @@ struct ata_port_stats {
 };
 
 struct ata_ering_entry {
-       int                     is_io;
+       unsigned int            eflags;
        unsigned int            err_mask;
        u64                     timestamp;
 };
-
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