Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=44bfe16e1083d66f97a5289e359c52ee2c8b19a7
Commit:     44bfe16e1083d66f97a5289e359c52ee2c8b19a7
Parent:     40efcb05f213180b7cc8fd8d963377305f236c28
Author:     Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Tue Nov 27 11:28:26 2007 -0800
Committer:  Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Thu Jan 24 20:40:41 2008 -0800

    kobject: add sample code for how to use ksets/ktypes/kobjects
    
    This is a more complex example showing how to create a kset and a ktype
    and some default attributes for a group of kobjects.
    
    Cc: Kay Sievers <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 samples/kobject/Makefile       |    2 +-
 samples/kobject/kset-example.c |  278 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 279 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/samples/kobject/Makefile b/samples/kobject/Makefile
index cce16e9..4a19420 100644
--- a/samples/kobject/Makefile
+++ b/samples/kobject/Makefile
@@ -1 +1 @@
-obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_KOBJECT) += kobject-example.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_KOBJECT) += kobject-example.o kset-example.o
diff --git a/samples/kobject/kset-example.c b/samples/kobject/kset-example.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b0a1b4f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/kobject/kset-example.c
@@ -0,0 +1,278 @@
+/*
+ * Sample kset and ktype implementation
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004-2007 Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
+ * Copyright (C) 2007 Novell Inc.
+ *
+ * Released under the GPL version 2 only.
+ *
+ */
+#include <linux/kobject.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+
+/*
+ * This module shows how to create a kset in sysfs called
+ * /sys/kernel/kset-example
+ * Then tree kobjects are created and assigned to this kset, "foo", "baz",
+ * and "bar".  In those kobjects, attributes of the same name are also
+ * created and if an integer is written to these files, it can be later
+ * read out of it.
+ */
+
+
+/*
+ * This is our "object" that we will create a few of and register them with
+ * sysfs.
+ */
+struct foo_obj {
+       struct kobject kobj;
+       int foo;
+       int baz;
+       int bar;
+};
+#define to_foo_obj(x) container_of(x, struct foo_obj, kobj)
+
+/* a custom attribute that works just for a struct foo_obj. */
+struct foo_attribute {
+       struct attribute attr;
+       ssize_t (*show)(struct foo_obj *foo, struct foo_attribute *attr, char 
*buf);
+       ssize_t (*store)(struct foo_obj *foo, struct foo_attribute *attr, const 
char *buf, size_t count);
+};
+#define to_foo_attr(x) container_of(x, struct foo_attribute, attr)
+
+/*
+ * The default show function that must be passed to sysfs.  This will be
+ * called by sysfs for whenever a show function is called by the user on a
+ * sysfs file associated with the kobjects we have registered.  We need to
+ * transpose back from a "default" kobject to our custom struct foo_obj and
+ * then call the show function for that specific object.
+ */
+static ssize_t foo_attr_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+                            struct attribute *attr,
+                            char *buf)
+{
+       struct foo_attribute *attribute;
+       struct foo_obj *foo;
+
+       attribute = to_foo_attr(attr);
+       foo = to_foo_obj(kobj);
+
+       if (!attribute->show)
+               return -EIO;
+
+       return attribute->show(foo, attribute, buf);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Just like the default show function above, but this one is for when the
+ * sysfs "store" is requested (when a value is written to a file.)
+ */
+static ssize_t foo_attr_store(struct kobject *kobj,
+                             struct attribute *attr,
+                             const char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+       struct foo_attribute *attribute;
+       struct foo_obj *foo;
+
+       attribute = to_foo_attr(attr);
+       foo = to_foo_obj(kobj);
+
+       if (!attribute->store)
+               return -EIO;
+
+       return attribute->store(foo, attribute, buf, len);
+}
+
+/* Our custom sysfs_ops that we will associate with our ktype later on */
+static struct sysfs_ops foo_sysfs_ops = {
+       .show = foo_attr_show,
+       .store = foo_attr_store,
+};
+
+/*
+ * The release function for our object.  This is REQUIRED by the kernel to
+ * have.  We free the memory held in our object here.
+ *
+ * NEVER try to get away with just a "blank" release function to try to be
+ * smarter than the kernel.  Turns out, no one ever is...
+ */
+static void foo_release(struct kobject *kobj)
+{
+       struct foo_obj *foo;
+
+       foo = to_foo_obj(kobj);
+       kfree(foo);
+}
+
+/*
+ * The "foo" file where the .foo variable is read from and written to.
+ */
+static ssize_t foo_show(struct foo_obj *foo_obj, struct foo_attribute *attr,
+                       char *buf)
+{
+       return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", foo_obj->foo);
+}
+
+static ssize_t foo_store(struct foo_obj *foo_obj, struct foo_attribute *attr,
+                        const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+       sscanf(buf, "%du", &foo_obj->foo);
+       return count;
+}
+
+static struct foo_attribute foo_attribute =
+       __ATTR(foo, 0666, foo_show, foo_store);
+
+/*
+ * More complex function where we determine which varible is being accessed by
+ * looking at the attribute for the "baz" and "bar" files.
+ */
+static ssize_t b_show(struct foo_obj *foo_obj, struct foo_attribute *attr,
+                     char *buf)
+{
+       int var;
+
+       if (strcmp(attr->attr.name, "baz") == 0)
+               var = foo_obj->baz;
+       else
+               var = foo_obj->bar;
+       return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", var);
+}
+
+static ssize_t b_store(struct foo_obj *foo_obj, struct foo_attribute *attr,
+                      const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+       int var;
+
+       sscanf(buf, "%du", &var);
+       if (strcmp(attr->attr.name, "baz") == 0)
+               foo_obj->baz = var;
+       else
+               foo_obj->bar = var;
+       return count;
+}
+
+static struct foo_attribute baz_attribute =
+       __ATTR(baz, 0666, b_show, b_store);
+static struct foo_attribute bar_attribute =
+       __ATTR(bar, 0666, b_show, b_store);
+
+/*
+ * Create a group of attributes so that we can create and destory them all
+ * at once.
+ */
+static struct attribute *foo_default_attrs[] = {
+       &foo_attribute.attr,
+       &baz_attribute.attr,
+       &bar_attribute.attr,
+       NULL,   /* need to NULL terminate the list of attributes */
+};
+
+/*
+ * Our own ktype for our kobjects.  Here we specify our sysfs ops, the
+ * release function, and the set of default attributes we want created
+ * whenever a kobject of this type is registered with the kernel.
+ */
+static struct kobj_type foo_ktype = {
+       .sysfs_ops = &foo_sysfs_ops,
+       .release = foo_release,
+       .default_attrs = foo_default_attrs,
+};
+
+static struct kset *example_kset;
+static struct foo_obj *foo_obj;
+static struct foo_obj *bar_obj;
+static struct foo_obj *baz_obj;
+
+static struct foo_obj *create_foo_obj(const char *name)
+{
+       struct foo_obj *foo;
+       int retval;
+
+       /* allocate the memory for the whole object */
+       foo = kzalloc(sizeof(*foo), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!foo)
+               return NULL;
+
+       /*
+        * As we have a kset for this kobject, we need to set it before calling
+        * the kobject core.
+        */
+       foo->kobj.kset = example_kset;
+
+       /*
+        * Initialize and add the kobject to the kernel.  All the default files
+        * will be created here.  As we have already specified a kset for this
+        * kobject, we don't have to set a parent for the kobject, the kobject
+        * will be placed beneath that kset automatically.
+        */
+       retval = kobject_init_and_add(&foo->kobj, &foo_ktype, NULL, "%s", name);
+       if (retval) {
+               kfree(foo);
+               return NULL;
+       }
+
+       /*
+        * We are always responsible for sending the uevent that the kobject
+        * was added to the system.
+        */
+       kobject_uevent(&foo->kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
+
+       return foo;
+}
+
+static void destroy_foo_obj(struct foo_obj *foo)
+{
+       kobject_put(&foo->kobj);
+}
+
+static int example_init(void)
+{
+       /*
+        * Create a kset with the name of "kset_example",
+        * located under /sys/kernel/
+        */
+       example_kset = kset_create_and_add("kset_example", NULL, kernel_kobj);
+       if (!example_kset)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+
+       /*
+        * Create three objects and register them with our kset
+        */
+       foo_obj = create_foo_obj("foo");
+       if (!foo_obj)
+               goto foo_error;
+
+       bar_obj = create_foo_obj("bar");
+       if (!bar_obj)
+               goto bar_error;
+
+       baz_obj = create_foo_obj("baz");
+       if (!baz_obj)
+               goto baz_error;
+
+       return 0;
+
+baz_error:
+       destroy_foo_obj(bar_obj);
+bar_error:
+       destroy_foo_obj(foo_obj);
+foo_error:
+       return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static void example_exit(void)
+{
+       destroy_foo_obj(baz_obj);
+       destroy_foo_obj(bar_obj);
+       destroy_foo_obj(foo_obj);
+       kset_unregister(example_kset);
+}
+
+module_init(example_init);
+module_exit(example_exit);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Greg Kroah-Hartman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>");
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