Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=5864ae03ca982fb60bedeebfd67562db37c1ee6a
Commit:     5864ae03ca982fb60bedeebfd67562db37c1ee6a
Parent:     217bcec4425cdc8fb90ce688eb4d5b5140713046
Author:     Bart Van Assche <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Sun Jan 27 18:14:45 2008 +0100
Committer:  Jean Delvare <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Sun Jan 27 18:14:45 2008 +0100

    i2c: Add support for the PCF8575 chip
    
    Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 Documentation/i2c/chips/pcf8575 |   72 +++++++++++++
 drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig       |   16 +++-
 drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile      |    1 +
 drivers/i2c/chips/pcf8575.c     |  214 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 302 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/i2c/chips/pcf8575 b/Documentation/i2c/chips/pcf8575
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..25f5698
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/i2c/chips/pcf8575
@@ -0,0 +1,72 @@
+About the PCF8575 chip and the pcf8575 kernel driver
+====================================================
+
+The PCF8575 chip is produced by the following manufacturers:
+
+  * Philips NXP
+    
http://www.nxp.com/#/pip/cb=[type=product,path=50807/41735/41850,final=PCF8575_3]|pip=[pip=PCF8575_3][0]
+
+  * Texas Instruments
+    http://focus.ti.com/docs/prod/folders/print/pcf8575.html
+
+
+Some vendors sell small PCB's with the PCF8575 mounted on it. You can connect
+such a board to a Linux host via e.g. an USB to I2C interface. Examples of
+PCB boards with a PCF8575:
+
+  * SFE Breakout Board for PCF8575 I2C Expander by RobotShop
+    
http://www.robotshop.ca/home/products/robot-parts/electronics/adapters-converters/sfe-pcf8575-i2c-expander-board.html
+
+  * Breakout Board for PCF8575 I2C Expander by Spark Fun Electronics
+    http://www.sparkfun.com/commerce/product_info.php?products_id=8130
+
+
+Description
+-----------
+The PCF8575 chip is a 16-bit I/O expander for the I2C bus. Up to eight of
+these chips can be connected to the same I2C bus. You can find this
+chip on some custom designed hardware, but you won't find it on PC
+motherboards.
+
+The PCF8575 chip consists of a 16-bit quasi-bidirectional port and an I2C-bus
+interface. Each of the sixteen I/O's can be independently used as an input or
+an output. To set up an I/O pin as an input, you have to write a 1 to the
+corresponding output.
+
+For more information please see the datasheet.
+
+
+Detection
+---------
+
+There is no method known to detect whether a chip on a given I2C address is
+a PCF8575 or whether it is any other I2C device. So there are two alternatives
+to let the driver find the installed PCF8575 devices:
+- Load this driver after any other I2C driver for I2C devices with addresses
+  in the range 0x20 .. 0x27.
+- Pass the I2C bus and address of the installed PCF8575 devices explicitly to
+  the driver at load time via the probe=... or force=... parameters.
+
+/sys interface
+--------------
+
+For each address on which a PCF8575 chip was found or forced the following
+files will be created under /sys:
+* /sys/bus/i2c/devices/<bus>-<address>/read
+* /sys/bus/i2c/devices/<bus>-<address>/write
+where bus is the I2C bus number (0, 1, ...) and address is the four-digit
+hexadecimal representation of the 7-bit I2C address of the PCF8575
+(0020 .. 0027).
+
+The read file is read-only. Reading it will trigger an I2C read and will hence
+report the current input state for the pins configured as inputs, and the
+current output value for the pins configured as outputs.
+
+The write file is read-write. Writing a value to it will configure all pins
+as output for which the corresponding bit is zero. Reading the write file will
+return the value last written, or -EAGAIN if no value has yet been written to
+the write file.
+
+On module initialization the configuration of the chip is not changed -- the
+chip is left in the state it was already configured in through either power-up
+or through previous I2C write actions.
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig b/drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig
index 2e1c24f..17702b3 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ config SENSORS_PCF8574
        default n
        help
          If you say yes here you get support for Philips PCF8574 and 
-         PCF8574A chips.
+         PCF8574A chips. These chips are 8-bit I/O expanders for the I2C bus.
 
          This driver can also be built as a module.  If so, the module
          will be called pcf8574.
@@ -65,6 +65,20 @@ config SENSORS_PCF8574
          These devices are hard to detect and rarely found on mainstream
          hardware.  If unsure, say N.
 
+config PCF8575
+       tristate "Philips PCF8575"
+       default n
+       help
+         If you say yes here you get support for Philips PCF8575 chip.
+         This chip is a 16-bit I/O expander for the I2C bus.  Several other
+         chip manufacturers sell equivalent chips, e.g. Texas Instruments.
+
+         This driver can also be built as a module.  If so, the module
+         will be called pcf8575.
+
+         This device is hard to detect and is rarely found on mainstream
+         hardware.  If unsure, say N.
+
 config SENSORS_PCA9539
        tristate "Philips PCA9539 16-bit I/O port"
        depends on EXPERIMENTAL
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile b/drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile
index ca924e1..50d4734 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_MAX6875) += max6875.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_M41T00)   += m41t00.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_PCA9539)  += pca9539.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_PCF8574)  += pcf8574.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PCF8575)          += pcf8575.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_PCF8591)  += pcf8591.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ISP1301_OMAP)     += isp1301_omap.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_TPS65010)         += tps65010.o
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/chips/pcf8575.c b/drivers/i2c/chips/pcf8575.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..db3c877
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/i2c/chips/pcf8575.c
@@ -0,0 +1,214 @@
+/*
+  pcf8575.c
+
+  About the PCF8575 chip: the PCF8575 is a 16-bit I/O expander for the I2C bus
+  produced by a.o. Philips Semiconductors.
+
+  Copyright (C) 2006 Michael Hennerich, Analog Devices Inc.
+  <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
+  Based on pcf8574.c.
+
+  Copyright (c) 2007 Bart Van Assche <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>.
+  Ported this driver from ucLinux to the mainstream Linux kernel.
+
+  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+  (at your option) any later version.
+
+  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+  GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+  Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+*/
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>  /* kzalloc() */
+#include <linux/sysfs.h> /* sysfs_create_group() */
+
+/* Addresses to scan */
+static unsigned short normal_i2c[] = {
+       0x20, 0x21, 0x22, 0x23, 0x24, 0x25, 0x26, 0x27,
+       I2C_CLIENT_END
+};
+
+/* Insmod parameters */
+I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD;
+
+
+/* Each client has this additional data */
+struct pcf8575_data {
+       struct i2c_client client;
+       int write;              /* last written value, or error code */
+};
+
+static int pcf8575_attach_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);
+static int pcf8575_detect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int address, int kind);
+static int pcf8575_detach_client(struct i2c_client *client);
+
+/* This is the driver that will be inserted */
+static struct i2c_driver pcf8575_driver = {
+       .driver = {
+               .owner  = THIS_MODULE,
+               .name   = "pcf8575",
+       },
+       .attach_adapter = pcf8575_attach_adapter,
+       .detach_client  = pcf8575_detach_client,
+};
+
+/* following are the sysfs callback functions */
+static ssize_t show_read(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+                        char *buf)
+{
+       struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
+       u16 val;
+       u8 iopin_state[2];
+
+       i2c_master_recv(client, iopin_state, 2);
+
+       val = iopin_state[0];
+       val |= iopin_state[1] << 8;
+
+       return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", val);
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR(read, S_IRUGO, show_read, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t show_write(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+                         char *buf)
+{
+       struct pcf8575_data *data = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+       if (data->write < 0)
+               return data->write;
+       return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", data->write);
+}
+
+static ssize_t set_write(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+                        const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+       struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
+       struct pcf8575_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+       unsigned long val = simple_strtoul(buf, NULL, 10);
+       u8 iopin_state[2];
+
+       if (val > 0xffff)
+               return -EINVAL;
+
+       data->write = val;
+
+       iopin_state[0] = val & 0xFF;
+       iopin_state[1] = val >> 8;
+
+       i2c_master_send(client, iopin_state, 2);
+
+       return count;
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR(write, S_IWUSR | S_IRUGO, show_write, set_write);
+
+static struct attribute *pcf8575_attributes[] = {
+       &dev_attr_read.attr,
+       &dev_attr_write.attr,
+       NULL
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group pcf8575_attr_group = {
+       .attrs = pcf8575_attributes,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Real code
+ */
+
+static int pcf8575_attach_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
+{
+       return i2c_probe(adapter, &addr_data, pcf8575_detect);
+}
+
+/* This function is called by i2c_probe */
+static int pcf8575_detect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int address, int kind)
+{
+       struct i2c_client *client;
+       struct pcf8575_data *data;
+       int err = 0;
+
+       if (!i2c_check_functionality(adapter, I2C_FUNC_I2C))
+               goto exit;
+
+       /* OK. For now, we presume we have a valid client. We now create the
+          client structure, even though we cannot fill it completely yet. */
+       data = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pcf8575_data), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!data) {
+               err = -ENOMEM;
+               goto exit;
+       }
+
+       client = &data->client;
+       i2c_set_clientdata(client, data);
+       client->addr = address;
+       client->adapter = adapter;
+       client->driver = &pcf8575_driver;
+       strlcpy(client->name, "pcf8575", I2C_NAME_SIZE);
+       data->write = -EAGAIN;
+
+       /* This is the place to detect whether the chip at the specified
+          address really is a PCF8575 chip. However, there is no method known
+          to detect whether an I2C chip is a PCF8575 or any other I2C chip. */
+
+       /* Tell the I2C layer a new client has arrived */
+       err = i2c_attach_client(client);
+       if (err)
+               goto exit_free;
+
+       /* Register sysfs hooks */
+       err = sysfs_create_group(&client->dev.kobj, &pcf8575_attr_group);
+       if (err)
+               goto exit_detach;
+
+       return 0;
+
+exit_detach:
+       i2c_detach_client(client);
+exit_free:
+       kfree(data);
+exit:
+       return err;
+}
+
+static int pcf8575_detach_client(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+       int err;
+
+       sysfs_remove_group(&client->dev.kobj, &pcf8575_attr_group);
+
+       err = i2c_detach_client(client);
+       if (err)
+               return err;
+
+       kfree(i2c_get_clientdata(client));
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init pcf8575_init(void)
+{
+       return i2c_add_driver(&pcf8575_driver);
+}
+
+static void __exit pcf8575_exit(void)
+{
+       i2c_del_driver(&pcf8575_driver);
+}
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Michael Hennerich <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>, "
+             "Bart Van Assche <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("pcf8575 driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+module_init(pcf8575_init);
+module_exit(pcf8575_exit);
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