Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=6440adb5760a897497c2b1ebdccc32c7944fd57f
Commit:     6440adb5760a897497c2b1ebdccc32c7944fd57f
Parent:     8b6eaea8ec79b111a18a1c60333deb16ba27e6b3
Author:     Cahill, Ben M <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Thu Nov 29 11:09:55 2007 +0800
Committer:  David S. Miller <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Mon Jan 28 15:05:23 2008 -0800

    iwlwifi: add comments to iwl*-base.c
    
    Add comments to iwlXXXX-base.c
    
    Signed-off-by: Cahill, Ben M <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: Zhu Yi <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: John W. Linville <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl3945-base.c |  215 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl4965-base.c |  212 ++++++++++++++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 356 insertions(+), 71 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl3945-base.c 
b/drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl3945-base.c
index ba5146f..71e9b7c 100644
--- a/drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl3945-base.c
+++ b/drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl3945-base.c
@@ -63,13 +63,13 @@ static int iwl3945_tx_queue_update_write_ptr(struct 
iwl3945_priv *priv,
  
******************************************************************************/
 
 /* module parameters */
-static int iwl3945_param_disable_hw_scan;
-static int iwl3945_param_debug;
-static int iwl3945_param_disable;  /* def: enable radio */
+static int iwl3945_param_disable_hw_scan; /* def: 0 = use 3945's h/w scan */
+static int iwl3945_param_debug;    /* def: 0 = minimal debug log messages */
+static int iwl3945_param_disable;  /* def: 0 = enable radio */
 static int iwl3945_param_antenna;  /* def: 0 = both antennas (use diversity) */
-int iwl3945_param_hwcrypto;        /* def: using software encryption */
-static int iwl3945_param_qos_enable = 1;
-int iwl3945_param_queues_num = IWL_MAX_NUM_QUEUES;
+int iwl3945_param_hwcrypto;        /* def: 0 = use software encryption */
+static int iwl3945_param_qos_enable = 1; /* def: 1 = use quality of service */
+int iwl3945_param_queues_num = IWL_MAX_NUM_QUEUES; /* def: 8 Tx queues */
 
 /*
  * module name, copyright, version, etc.
@@ -184,17 +184,24 @@ static void iwl3945_print_hex_dump(int level, void *p, 
u32 len)
  *
  * Theory of operation
  *
- * A queue is a circular buffers with 'Read' and 'Write' pointers.
- * 2 empty entries always kept in the buffer to protect from overflow.
+ * A Tx or Rx queue resides in host DRAM, and is comprised of a circular buffer
+ * of buffer descriptors, each of which points to one or more data buffers for
+ * the device to read from or fill.  Driver and device exchange status of each
+ * queue via "read" and "write" pointers.  Driver keeps minimum of 2 empty
+ * entries in each circular buffer, to protect against confusing empty and full
+ * queue states.
+ *
+ * The device reads or writes the data in the queues via the device's several
+ * DMA/FIFO channels.  Each queue is mapped to a single DMA channel.
  *
  * For Tx queue, there are low mark and high mark limits. If, after queuing
  * the packet for Tx, free space become < low mark, Tx queue stopped. When
  * reclaiming packets (on 'tx done IRQ), if free space become > high mark,
  * Tx queue resumed.
  *
- * The IWL operates with six queues, one receive queue in the device's
- * sram, one transmit queue for sending commands to the device firmware,
- * and four transmit queues for data.
+ * The 3945 operates with six queues:  One receive queue, one transmit queue
+ * (#4) for sending commands to the device firmware, and four transmit queues
+ * (#0-3) for data tx via EDCA.  An additional 2 HCCA queues are unused.
  ***************************************************/
 
 static int iwl3945_queue_space(const struct iwl3945_queue *q)
@@ -213,13 +220,21 @@ static int iwl3945_queue_space(const struct iwl3945_queue 
*q)
        return s;
 }
 
-/* XXX: n_bd must be power-of-two size */
+/**
+ * iwl3945_queue_inc_wrap - increment queue index, wrap back to beginning
+ * @index -- current index
+ * @n_bd -- total number of entries in queue (must be power of 2)
+ */
 static inline int iwl3945_queue_inc_wrap(int index, int n_bd)
 {
        return ++index & (n_bd - 1);
 }
 
-/* XXX: n_bd must be power-of-two size */
+/**
+ * iwl3945_queue_dec_wrap - increment queue index, wrap back to end
+ * @index -- current index
+ * @n_bd -- total number of entries in queue (must be power of 2)
+ */
 static inline int iwl3945_queue_dec_wrap(int index, int n_bd)
 {
        return --index & (n_bd - 1);
@@ -234,12 +249,17 @@ static inline int x2_queue_used(const struct 
iwl3945_queue *q, int i)
 
 static inline u8 get_cmd_index(struct iwl3945_queue *q, u32 index, int is_huge)
 {
+       /* This is for scan command, the big buffer at end of command array */
        if (is_huge)
-               return q->n_window;
+               return q->n_window;     /* must be power of 2 */
 
+       /* Otherwise, use normal size buffers */
        return index & (q->n_window - 1);
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl3945_queue_init - Initialize queue's high/low-water and read/write 
indexes
+ */
 static int iwl3945_queue_init(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, struct iwl3945_queue 
*q,
                          int count, int slots_num, u32 id)
 {
@@ -268,11 +288,16 @@ static int iwl3945_queue_init(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, 
struct iwl3945_queue *q
        return 0;
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl3945_tx_queue_alloc - Alloc driver data and TFD CB for one Tx/cmd queue
+ */
 static int iwl3945_tx_queue_alloc(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
                              struct iwl3945_tx_queue *txq, u32 id)
 {
        struct pci_dev *dev = priv->pci_dev;
 
+       /* Driver private data, only for Tx (not command) queues,
+        * not shared with device. */
        if (id != IWL_CMD_QUEUE_NUM) {
                txq->txb = kmalloc(sizeof(txq->txb[0]) *
                                   TFD_QUEUE_SIZE_MAX, GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -284,6 +309,8 @@ static int iwl3945_tx_queue_alloc(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
        } else
                txq->txb = NULL;
 
+       /* Circular buffer of transmit frame descriptors (TFDs),
+        * shared with device */
        txq->bd = pci_alloc_consistent(dev,
                        sizeof(txq->bd[0]) * TFD_QUEUE_SIZE_MAX,
                        &txq->q.dma_addr);
@@ -306,6 +333,9 @@ static int iwl3945_tx_queue_alloc(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
        return -ENOMEM;
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl3945_tx_queue_init - Allocate and initialize one tx/cmd queue
+ */
 int iwl3945_tx_queue_init(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
                      struct iwl3945_tx_queue *txq, int slots_num, u32 txq_id)
 {
@@ -313,9 +343,14 @@ int iwl3945_tx_queue_init(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
        int len;
        int rc = 0;
 
-       /* allocate command space + one big command for scan since scan
-        * command is very huge the system will not have two scan at the
-        * same time */
+       /*
+        * Alloc buffer array for commands (Tx or other types of commands).
+        * For the command queue (#4), allocate command space + one big
+        * command for scan, since scan command is very huge; the system will
+        * not have two scans at the same time, so only one is needed.
+        * For data Tx queues (all other queues), no super-size command
+        * space is needed.
+        */
        len = sizeof(struct iwl3945_cmd) * slots_num;
        if (txq_id == IWL_CMD_QUEUE_NUM)
                len +=  IWL_MAX_SCAN_SIZE;
@@ -323,6 +358,7 @@ int iwl3945_tx_queue_init(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
        if (!txq->cmd)
                return -ENOMEM;
 
+       /* Alloc driver data array and TFD circular buffer */
        rc = iwl3945_tx_queue_alloc(priv, txq, txq_id);
        if (rc) {
                pci_free_consistent(dev, len, txq->cmd, txq->dma_addr_cmd);
@@ -334,8 +370,11 @@ int iwl3945_tx_queue_init(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
        /* TFD_QUEUE_SIZE_MAX must be power-of-two size, otherwise
         * iwl3945_queue_inc_wrap and iwl3945_queue_dec_wrap are broken. */
        BUILD_BUG_ON(TFD_QUEUE_SIZE_MAX & (TFD_QUEUE_SIZE_MAX - 1));
+
+       /* Initialize queue high/low-water, head/tail indexes */
        iwl3945_queue_init(priv, &txq->q, TFD_QUEUE_SIZE_MAX, slots_num, 
txq_id);
 
+       /* Tell device where to find queue, enable DMA channel. */
        iwl3945_hw_tx_queue_init(priv, txq);
 
        return 0;
@@ -346,8 +385,8 @@ int iwl3945_tx_queue_init(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
  * @txq: Transmit queue to deallocate.
  *
  * Empty queue by removing and destroying all BD's.
- * Free all buffers.  txq itself is not freed.
- *
+ * Free all buffers.
+ * 0-fill, but do not free "txq" descriptor structure.
  */
 void iwl3945_tx_queue_free(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, struct iwl3945_tx_queue 
*txq)
 {
@@ -367,19 +406,21 @@ void iwl3945_tx_queue_free(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, 
struct iwl3945_tx_queue *t
        if (q->id == IWL_CMD_QUEUE_NUM)
                len += IWL_MAX_SCAN_SIZE;
 
+       /* De-alloc array of command/tx buffers */
        pci_free_consistent(dev, len, txq->cmd, txq->dma_addr_cmd);
 
-       /* free buffers belonging to queue itself */
+       /* De-alloc circular buffer of TFDs */
        if (txq->q.n_bd)
                pci_free_consistent(dev, sizeof(struct iwl3945_tfd_frame) *
                                    txq->q.n_bd, txq->bd, txq->q.dma_addr);
 
+       /* De-alloc array of per-TFD driver data */
        if (txq->txb) {
                kfree(txq->txb);
                txq->txb = NULL;
        }
 
-       /* 0 fill whole structure */
+       /* 0-fill queue descriptor structure */
        memset(txq, 0, sizeof(*txq));
 }
 
@@ -392,6 +433,11 @@ const u8 iwl3945_broadcast_addr[ETH_ALEN] = { 0xFF, 0xFF, 
0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF
 
 /**************************************************************/
 #if 0 /* temporary disable till we add real remove station */
+/**
+ * iwl3945_remove_station - Remove driver's knowledge of station.
+ *
+ * NOTE:  This does not remove station from device's station table.
+ */
 static u8 iwl3945_remove_station(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, const u8 *addr, 
int is_ap)
 {
        int index = IWL_INVALID_STATION;
@@ -428,6 +474,12 @@ out:
        return 0;
 }
 #endif
+
+/**
+ * iwl3945_clear_stations_table - Clear the driver's station table
+ *
+ * NOTE:  This does not clear or otherwise alter the device's station table.
+ */
 static void iwl3945_clear_stations_table(struct iwl3945_priv *priv)
 {
        unsigned long flags;
@@ -440,7 +492,9 @@ static void iwl3945_clear_stations_table(struct 
iwl3945_priv *priv)
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->sta_lock, flags);
 }
 
-
+/**
+ * iwl3945_add_station - Add station to station tables in driver and device
+ */
 u8 iwl3945_add_station(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, const u8 *addr, int is_ap, 
u8 flags)
 {
        int i;
@@ -486,6 +540,7 @@ u8 iwl3945_add_station(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, const u8 
*addr, int is_ap, u8
        station->used = 1;
        priv->num_stations++;
 
+       /* Set up the REPLY_ADD_STA command to send to device */
        memset(&station->sta, 0, sizeof(struct iwl3945_addsta_cmd));
        memcpy(station->sta.sta.addr, addr, ETH_ALEN);
        station->sta.mode = 0;
@@ -504,6 +559,8 @@ u8 iwl3945_add_station(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, const u8 
*addr, int is_ap, u8
                        le16_to_cpu(station->sta.rate_n_flags);
 
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->sta_lock, flags_spin);
+
+       /* Add station to device's station table */
        iwl3945_send_add_station(priv, &station->sta, flags);
        return index;
 
@@ -673,6 +730,8 @@ static int iwl3945_enqueue_hcmd(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, 
struct iwl3945_host_c
                     fix_size, q->write_ptr, idx, IWL_CMD_QUEUE_NUM);
 
        txq->need_update = 1;
+
+       /* Increment and update queue's write index */
        q->write_ptr = iwl3945_queue_inc_wrap(q->write_ptr, q->n_bd);
        ret = iwl3945_tx_queue_update_write_ptr(priv, txq);
 
@@ -1511,7 +1570,7 @@ static void get_eeprom_mac(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, u8 
*mac)
 /**
  * iwl3945_eeprom_init - read EEPROM contents
  *
- * Load the EEPROM from adapter into priv->eeprom
+ * Load the EEPROM contents from adapter into priv->eeprom
  *
  * NOTE:  This routine uses the non-debug IO access functions.
  */
@@ -1536,6 +1595,7 @@ int iwl3945_eeprom_init(struct iwl3945_priv *priv)
                return -ENOENT;
        }
 
+       /* Make sure driver (instead of uCode) is allowed to read EEPROM */
        rc = iwl3945_eeprom_acquire_semaphore(priv);
        if (rc < 0) {
                IWL_ERROR("Failed to acquire EEPROM semaphore.\n");
@@ -2631,21 +2691,23 @@ static void iwl3945_build_tx_cmd_basic(struct 
iwl3945_priv *priv,
        cmd->cmd.tx.next_frame_len = 0;
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl3945_get_sta_id - Find station's index within station table
+ */
 static int iwl3945_get_sta_id(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, struct ieee80211_hdr 
*hdr)
 {
        int sta_id;
        u16 fc = le16_to_cpu(hdr->frame_control);
 
-       /* If this frame is broadcast or not data then use the broadcast
-        * station id */
+       /* If this frame is broadcast or management, use broadcast station id */
        if (((fc & IEEE80211_FCTL_FTYPE) != IEEE80211_FTYPE_DATA) ||
            is_multicast_ether_addr(hdr->addr1))
                return priv->hw_setting.bcast_sta_id;
 
        switch (priv->iw_mode) {
 
-       /* If this frame is part of a BSS network (we're a station), then
-        * we use the AP's station id */
+       /* If we are a client station in a BSS network, use the special
+        * AP station entry (that's the only station we communicate with) */
        case IEEE80211_IF_TYPE_STA:
                return IWL_AP_ID;
 
@@ -2656,11 +2718,12 @@ static int iwl3945_get_sta_id(struct iwl3945_priv 
*priv, struct ieee80211_hdr *h
                        return sta_id;
                return priv->hw_setting.bcast_sta_id;
 
-       /* If this frame is part of a IBSS network, then we use the
-        * target specific station id */
+       /* If this frame is going out to an IBSS network, find the station,
+        * or create a new station table entry */
        case IEEE80211_IF_TYPE_IBSS: {
                DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);
 
+               /* Create new station table entry */
                sta_id = iwl3945_hw_find_station(priv, hdr->addr1);
                if (sta_id != IWL_INVALID_STATION)
                        return sta_id;
@@ -2746,6 +2809,8 @@ static int iwl3945_tx_skb(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
 
        hdr_len = ieee80211_get_hdrlen(fc);
+
+       /* Find (or create) index into station table for destination station */
        sta_id = iwl3945_get_sta_id(priv, hdr);
        if (sta_id == IWL_INVALID_STATION) {
                DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);
@@ -2767,30 +2832,52 @@ static int iwl3945_tx_skb(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
                                __constant_cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_SCTL_FRAG));
                seq_number += 0x10;
        }
+
+       /* Descriptor for chosen Tx queue */
        txq = &priv->txq[txq_id];
        q = &txq->q;
 
        spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
 
+       /* Set up first empty TFD within this queue's circular TFD buffer */
        tfd = &txq->bd[q->write_ptr];
        memset(tfd, 0, sizeof(*tfd));
        control_flags = (u32 *) tfd;
        idx = get_cmd_index(q, q->write_ptr, 0);
 
+       /* Set up driver data for this TFD */
        memset(&(txq->txb[q->write_ptr]), 0, sizeof(struct iwl3945_tx_info));
        txq->txb[q->write_ptr].skb[0] = skb;
        memcpy(&(txq->txb[q->write_ptr].status.control),
               ctl, sizeof(struct ieee80211_tx_control));
+
+       /* Init first empty entry in queue's array of Tx/cmd buffers */
        out_cmd = &txq->cmd[idx];
        memset(&out_cmd->hdr, 0, sizeof(out_cmd->hdr));
        memset(&out_cmd->cmd.tx, 0, sizeof(out_cmd->cmd.tx));
+
+       /*
+        * Set up the Tx-command (not MAC!) header.
+        * Store the chosen Tx queue and TFD index within the sequence field;
+        * after Tx, uCode's Tx response will return this value so driver can
+        * locate the frame within the tx queue and do post-tx processing.
+        */
        out_cmd->hdr.cmd = REPLY_TX;
        out_cmd->hdr.sequence = cpu_to_le16((u16)(QUEUE_TO_SEQ(txq_id) |
                                INDEX_TO_SEQ(q->write_ptr)));
-       /* copy frags header */
+
+       /* Copy MAC header from skb into command buffer */
        memcpy(out_cmd->cmd.tx.hdr, hdr, hdr_len);
 
-       /* hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *)out_cmd->cmd.tx.hdr; */
+       /*
+        * Use the first empty entry in this queue's command buffer array
+        * to contain the Tx command and MAC header concatenated together
+        * (payload data will be in another buffer).
+        * Size of this varies, due to varying MAC header length.
+        * If end is not dword aligned, we'll have 2 extra bytes at the end
+        * of the MAC header (device reads on dword boundaries).
+        * We'll tell device about this padding later.
+        */
        len = priv->hw_setting.tx_cmd_len +
                sizeof(struct iwl3945_cmd_header) + hdr_len;
 
@@ -2802,15 +2889,20 @@ static int iwl3945_tx_skb(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
        else
                len_org = 0;
 
+       /* Physical address of this Tx command's header (not MAC header!),
+        * within command buffer array. */
        txcmd_phys = txq->dma_addr_cmd + sizeof(struct iwl3945_cmd) * idx +
                     offsetof(struct iwl3945_cmd, hdr);
 
+       /* Add buffer containing Tx command and MAC(!) header to TFD's
+        * first entry */
        iwl3945_hw_txq_attach_buf_to_tfd(priv, tfd, txcmd_phys, len);
 
        if (!(ctl->flags & IEEE80211_TXCTL_DO_NOT_ENCRYPT))
                iwl3945_build_tx_cmd_hwcrypto(priv, ctl, out_cmd, skb, 0);
 
-       /* 802.11 null functions have no payload... */
+       /* Set up TFD's 2nd entry to point directly to remainder of skb,
+        * if any (802.11 null frames have no payload). */
        len = skb->len - hdr_len;
        if (len) {
                phys_addr = pci_map_single(priv->pci_dev, skb->data + hdr_len,
@@ -2818,13 +2910,16 @@ static int iwl3945_tx_skb(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
                iwl3945_hw_txq_attach_buf_to_tfd(priv, tfd, phys_addr, len);
        }
 
-       /* If there is no payload, then only one TFD is used */
        if (!len)
+               /* If there is no payload, then we use only one Tx buffer */
                *control_flags = TFD_CTL_COUNT_SET(1);
        else
+               /* Else use 2 buffers.
+                * Tell 3945 about any padding after MAC header */
                *control_flags = TFD_CTL_COUNT_SET(2) |
                        TFD_CTL_PAD_SET(U32_PAD(len));
 
+       /* Total # bytes to be transmitted */
        len = (u16)skb->len;
        out_cmd->cmd.tx.len = cpu_to_le16(len);
 
@@ -2854,6 +2949,7 @@ static int iwl3945_tx_skb(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
        iwl3945_print_hex_dump(IWL_DL_TX, (u8 *)out_cmd->cmd.tx.hdr,
                           ieee80211_get_hdrlen(fc));
 
+       /* Tell device the write index *just past* this latest filled TFD */
        q->write_ptr = iwl3945_queue_inc_wrap(q->write_ptr, q->n_bd);
        rc = iwl3945_tx_queue_update_write_ptr(priv, txq);
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
@@ -3329,11 +3425,11 @@ static void iwl3945_txstatus_to_ieee(struct 
iwl3945_priv *priv,
 }
 
 /**
- * iwl3945_tx_queue_reclaim - Reclaim Tx queue entries no more used by NIC.
+ * iwl3945_tx_queue_reclaim - Reclaim Tx queue entries already Tx'd
  *
- * When FW advances 'R' index, all entries between old and
- * new 'R' index need to be reclaimed. As result, some free space
- * forms. If there is enough free space (> low mark), wake Tx queue.
+ * When FW advances 'R' index, all entries between old and new 'R' index
+ * need to be reclaimed. As result, some free space forms. If there is
+ * enough free space (> low mark), wake the stack that feeds us.
  */
 static int iwl3945_tx_queue_reclaim(struct iwl3945_priv *priv, int txq_id, int 
index)
 {
@@ -3382,6 +3478,9 @@ static int iwl3945_is_tx_success(u32 status)
  * Generic RX handler implementations
  *
  
******************************************************************************/
+/**
+ * iwl3945_rx_reply_tx - Handle Tx response
+ */
 static void iwl3945_rx_reply_tx(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
                            struct iwl3945_rx_mem_buffer *rxb)
 {
@@ -3917,6 +4016,7 @@ int iwl3945_rx_queue_update_write_ptr(struct iwl3945_priv 
*priv, struct iwl3945_
        if (q->need_update == 0)
                goto exit_unlock;
 
+       /* If power-saving is in use, make sure device is awake */
        if (test_bit(STATUS_POWER_PMI, &priv->status)) {
                reg = iwl3945_read32(priv, CSR_UCODE_DRV_GP1);
 
@@ -3930,10 +4030,14 @@ int iwl3945_rx_queue_update_write_ptr(struct 
iwl3945_priv *priv, struct iwl3945_
                if (rc)
                        goto exit_unlock;
 
+               /* Device expects a multiple of 8 */
                iwl3945_write_direct32(priv, FH_RSCSR_CHNL0_WPTR,
                                     q->write & ~0x7);
                iwl3945_release_nic_access(priv);
+
+       /* Else device is assumed to be awake */
        } else
+               /* Device expects a multiple of 8 */
                iwl3945_write32(priv, FH_RSCSR_CHNL0_WPTR, q->write & ~0x7);
 
 
@@ -3975,9 +4079,12 @@ static int iwl3945_rx_queue_restock(struct iwl3945_priv 
*priv)
        spin_lock_irqsave(&rxq->lock, flags);
        write = rxq->write & ~0x7;
        while ((iwl3945_rx_queue_space(rxq) > 0) && (rxq->free_count)) {
+               /* Get next free Rx buffer, remove from free list */
                element = rxq->rx_free.next;
                rxb = list_entry(element, struct iwl3945_rx_mem_buffer, list);
                list_del(element);
+
+               /* Point to Rx buffer via next RBD in circular buffer */
                rxq->bd[rxq->write] = iwl3945_dma_addr2rbd_ptr(priv, 
rxb->dma_addr);
                rxq->queue[rxq->write] = rxb;
                rxq->write = (rxq->write + 1) & RX_QUEUE_MASK;
@@ -3990,7 +4097,8 @@ static int iwl3945_rx_queue_restock(struct iwl3945_priv 
*priv)
                queue_work(priv->workqueue, &priv->rx_replenish);
 
 
-       /* If we've added more space for the firmware to place data, tell it */
+       /* If we've added more space for the firmware to place data, tell it.
+        * Increment device's write pointer in multiples of 8. */
        if ((write != (rxq->write & ~0x7))
            || (abs(rxq->write - rxq->read) > 7)) {
                spin_lock_irqsave(&rxq->lock, flags);
@@ -4023,6 +4131,8 @@ void iwl3945_rx_replenish(void *data)
        while (!list_empty(&rxq->rx_used)) {
                element = rxq->rx_used.next;
                rxb = list_entry(element, struct iwl3945_rx_mem_buffer, list);
+
+               /* Alloc a new receive buffer */
                rxb->skb =
                    alloc_skb(IWL_RX_BUF_SIZE, __GFP_NOWARN | GFP_ATOMIC);
                if (!rxb->skb) {
@@ -4036,6 +4146,8 @@ void iwl3945_rx_replenish(void *data)
                }
                priv->alloc_rxb_skb++;
                list_del(element);
+
+               /* Get physical address of RB/SKB */
                rxb->dma_addr =
                    pci_map_single(priv->pci_dev, rxb->skb->data,
                                   IWL_RX_BUF_SIZE, PCI_DMA_FROMDEVICE);
@@ -4080,12 +4192,16 @@ int iwl3945_rx_queue_alloc(struct iwl3945_priv *priv)
        spin_lock_init(&rxq->lock);
        INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rxq->rx_free);
        INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rxq->rx_used);
+
+       /* Alloc the circular buffer of Read Buffer Descriptors (RBDs) */
        rxq->bd = pci_alloc_consistent(dev, 4 * RX_QUEUE_SIZE, &rxq->dma_addr);
        if (!rxq->bd)
                return -ENOMEM;
+
        /* Fill the rx_used queue with _all_ of the Rx buffers */
        for (i = 0; i < RX_FREE_BUFFERS + RX_QUEUE_SIZE; i++)
                list_add_tail(&rxq->pool[i].list, &rxq->rx_used);
+
        /* Set us so that we have processed and used all buffers, but have
         * not restocked the Rx queue with fresh buffers */
        rxq->read = rxq->write = 0;
@@ -4217,6 +4333,8 @@ static void iwl3945_rx_handle(struct iwl3945_priv *priv)
        int reclaim;
        unsigned long flags;
 
+       /* uCode's read index (stored in shared DRAM) indicates the last Rx
+        * buffer that the driver may process (last buffer filled by ucode). */
        r = iwl3945_hw_get_rx_read(priv);
        i = rxq->read;
 
@@ -4297,6 +4415,9 @@ static void iwl3945_rx_handle(struct iwl3945_priv *priv)
        iwl3945_rx_queue_restock(priv);
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl3945_tx_queue_update_write_ptr - Send new write index to hardware
+ */
 static int iwl3945_tx_queue_update_write_ptr(struct iwl3945_priv *priv,
                                  struct iwl3945_tx_queue *txq)
 {
@@ -4926,6 +5047,11 @@ static void iwl3945_init_band_reference(const struct 
iwl3945_priv *priv, int ban
        }
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl3945_get_channel_info - Find driver's private channel info
+ *
+ * Based on band and channel number.
+ */
 const struct iwl3945_channel_info *iwl3945_get_channel_info(const struct 
iwl3945_priv *priv,
                                                    int phymode, u16 channel)
 {
@@ -4953,6 +5079,9 @@ const struct iwl3945_channel_info 
*iwl3945_get_channel_info(const struct iwl3945
 #define CHECK_AND_PRINT(x) ((eeprom_ch_info[ch].flags & EEPROM_CHANNEL_##x) \
                            ? # x " " : "")
 
+/**
+ * iwl3945_init_channel_map - Set up driver's info for all possible channels
+ */
 static int iwl3945_init_channel_map(struct iwl3945_priv *priv)
 {
        int eeprom_ch_count = 0;
@@ -5062,6 +5191,7 @@ static int iwl3945_init_channel_map(struct iwl3945_priv 
*priv)
                }
        }
 
+       /* Set up txpower settings in driver for all channels */
        if (iwl3945_txpower_set_from_eeprom(priv))
                return -EIO;
 
@@ -8289,6 +8419,8 @@ static int iwl3945_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
        struct ieee80211_hw *hw;
        int i;
 
+       /* Disabling hardware scan means that mac80211 will perform scans
+        * "the hard way", rather than using device's scan. */
        if (iwl3945_param_disable_hw_scan) {
                IWL_DEBUG_INFO("Disabling hw_scan\n");
                iwl3945_hw_ops.hw_scan = NULL;
@@ -8319,6 +8451,8 @@ static int iwl3945_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
        priv->hw = hw;
 
        priv->pci_dev = pdev;
+
+       /* Select antenna (may be helpful if only one antenna is connected) */
        priv->antenna = (enum iwl3945_antenna)iwl3945_param_antenna;
 #ifdef CONFIG_IWL3945_DEBUG
        iwl3945_debug_level = iwl3945_param_debug;
@@ -8340,6 +8474,7 @@ static int iwl3945_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
        /* Tell mac80211 our Tx characteristics */
        hw->flags = IEEE80211_HW_HOST_GEN_BEACON_TEMPLATE;
 
+       /* 4 EDCA QOS priorities */
        hw->queues = 4;
 
        spin_lock_init(&priv->lock);
@@ -8360,6 +8495,7 @@ static int iwl3945_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
 
        pci_set_master(pdev);
 
+       /* Clear the driver's (not device's) station table */
        iwl3945_clear_stations_table(priv);
 
        priv->data_retry_limit = -1;
@@ -8379,9 +8515,11 @@ static int iwl3945_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
        err = pci_request_regions(pdev, DRV_NAME);
        if (err)
                goto out_pci_disable_device;
+
        /* We disable the RETRY_TIMEOUT register (0x41) to keep
         * PCI Tx retries from interfering with C3 CPU state */
        pci_write_config_byte(pdev, 0x41, 0x00);
+
        priv->hw_base = pci_iomap(pdev, 0, 0);
        if (!priv->hw_base) {
                err = -ENODEV;
@@ -8394,6 +8532,7 @@ static int iwl3945_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
 
        /* Initialize module parameter values here */
 
+       /* Disable radio (SW RF KILL) via parameter when loading driver */
        if (iwl3945_param_disable) {
                set_bit(STATUS_RF_KILL_SW, &priv->status);
                IWL_DEBUG_INFO("Radio disabled.\n");
diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl4965-base.c 
b/drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl4965-base.c
index 66aa938..43ce645 100644
--- a/drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl4965-base.c
+++ b/drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/iwl4965-base.c
@@ -63,13 +63,13 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_queue_update_write_ptr(struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv,
  
******************************************************************************/
 
 /* module parameters */
-static int iwl4965_param_disable_hw_scan;
-static int iwl4965_param_debug;
+static int iwl4965_param_disable_hw_scan; /* def: 0 = use 4965's h/w scan */
+static int iwl4965_param_debug;    /* def: 0 = minimal debug log messages */
 static int iwl4965_param_disable;  /* def: enable radio */
 static int iwl4965_param_antenna;  /* def: 0 = both antennas (use diversity) */
 int iwl4965_param_hwcrypto;        /* def: using software encryption */
-static int iwl4965_param_qos_enable = 1;
-int iwl4965_param_queues_num = IWL_MAX_NUM_QUEUES;
+static int iwl4965_param_qos_enable = 1; /* def: 1 = use quality of service */
+int iwl4965_param_queues_num = IWL_MAX_NUM_QUEUES; /* def: 16 Tx queues */
 
 /*
  * module name, copyright, version, etc.
@@ -183,17 +183,24 @@ static void iwl4965_print_hex_dump(int level, void *p, 
u32 len)
  *
  * Theory of operation
  *
- * A queue is a circular buffers with 'Read' and 'Write' pointers.
- * 2 empty entries always kept in the buffer to protect from overflow.
+ * A Tx or Rx queue resides in host DRAM, and is comprised of a circular buffer
+ * of buffer descriptors, each of which points to one or more data buffers for
+ * the device to read from or fill.  Driver and device exchange status of each
+ * queue via "read" and "write" pointers.  Driver keeps minimum of 2 empty
+ * entries in each circular buffer, to protect against confusing empty and full
+ * queue states.
+ *
+ * The device reads or writes the data in the queues via the device's several
+ * DMA/FIFO channels.  Each queue is mapped to a single DMA channel.
  *
  * For Tx queue, there are low mark and high mark limits. If, after queuing
  * the packet for Tx, free space become < low mark, Tx queue stopped. When
  * reclaiming packets (on 'tx done IRQ), if free space become > high mark,
  * Tx queue resumed.
  *
- * The IWL operates with six queues, one receive queue in the device's
- * sram, one transmit queue for sending commands to the device firmware,
- * and four transmit queues for data.
+ * The 4965 operates with up to 17 queues:  One receive queue, one transmit
+ * queue (#4) for sending commands to the device firmware, and 15 other
+ * Tx queues that may be mapped to prioritized Tx DMA/FIFO channels.
  ***************************************************/
 
 static int iwl4965_queue_space(const struct iwl4965_queue *q)
@@ -212,13 +219,21 @@ static int iwl4965_queue_space(const struct iwl4965_queue 
*q)
        return s;
 }
 
-/* XXX: n_bd must be power-of-two size */
+/**
+ * iwl4965_queue_inc_wrap - increment queue index, wrap back to beginning
+ * @index -- current index
+ * @n_bd -- total number of entries in queue (must be power of 2)
+ */
 static inline int iwl4965_queue_inc_wrap(int index, int n_bd)
 {
        return ++index & (n_bd - 1);
 }
 
-/* XXX: n_bd must be power-of-two size */
+/**
+ * iwl4965_queue_dec_wrap - decrement queue index, wrap back to end
+ * @index -- current index
+ * @n_bd -- total number of entries in queue (must be power of 2)
+ */
 static inline int iwl4965_queue_dec_wrap(int index, int n_bd)
 {
        return --index & (n_bd - 1);
@@ -233,12 +248,17 @@ static inline int x2_queue_used(const struct 
iwl4965_queue *q, int i)
 
 static inline u8 get_cmd_index(struct iwl4965_queue *q, u32 index, int is_huge)
 {
+       /* This is for scan command, the big buffer at end of command array */
        if (is_huge)
-               return q->n_window;
+               return q->n_window;     /* must be power of 2 */
 
+       /* Otherwise, use normal size buffers */
        return index & (q->n_window - 1);
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_queue_init - Initialize queue's high/low-water and read/write 
indexes
+ */
 static int iwl4965_queue_init(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, struct iwl4965_queue 
*q,
                          int count, int slots_num, u32 id)
 {
@@ -267,11 +287,16 @@ static int iwl4965_queue_init(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, 
struct iwl4965_queue *q
        return 0;
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_tx_queue_alloc - Alloc driver data and TFD CB for one Tx/cmd queue
+ */
 static int iwl4965_tx_queue_alloc(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
                              struct iwl4965_tx_queue *txq, u32 id)
 {
        struct pci_dev *dev = priv->pci_dev;
 
+       /* Driver private data, only for Tx (not command) queues,
+        * not shared with device. */
        if (id != IWL_CMD_QUEUE_NUM) {
                txq->txb = kmalloc(sizeof(txq->txb[0]) *
                                   TFD_QUEUE_SIZE_MAX, GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -283,6 +308,8 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_queue_alloc(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
        } else
                txq->txb = NULL;
 
+       /* Circular buffer of transmit frame descriptors (TFDs),
+        * shared with device */
        txq->bd = pci_alloc_consistent(dev,
                        sizeof(txq->bd[0]) * TFD_QUEUE_SIZE_MAX,
                        &txq->q.dma_addr);
@@ -320,7 +347,7 @@ int iwl4965_tx_queue_init(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
         * For the command queue (#4), allocate command space + one big
         * command for scan, since scan command is very huge; the system will
         * not have two scans at the same time, so only one is needed.
-        * For normal Tx queues (all other queues), no super-size command
+        * For data Tx queues (all other queues), no super-size command
         * space is needed.
         */
        len = sizeof(struct iwl4965_cmd) * slots_num;
@@ -357,8 +384,8 @@ int iwl4965_tx_queue_init(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
  * @txq: Transmit queue to deallocate.
  *
  * Empty queue by removing and destroying all BD's.
- * Free all buffers.  txq itself is not freed.
- *
+ * Free all buffers.
+ * 0-fill, but do not free "txq" descriptor structure.
  */
 void iwl4965_tx_queue_free(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, struct iwl4965_tx_queue 
*txq)
 {
@@ -378,19 +405,21 @@ void iwl4965_tx_queue_free(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, 
struct iwl4965_tx_queue *t
        if (q->id == IWL_CMD_QUEUE_NUM)
                len += IWL_MAX_SCAN_SIZE;
 
+       /* De-alloc array of command/tx buffers */
        pci_free_consistent(dev, len, txq->cmd, txq->dma_addr_cmd);
 
-       /* free buffers belonging to queue itself */
+       /* De-alloc circular buffer of TFDs */
        if (txq->q.n_bd)
                pci_free_consistent(dev, sizeof(struct iwl4965_tfd_frame) *
                                    txq->q.n_bd, txq->bd, txq->q.dma_addr);
 
+       /* De-alloc array of per-TFD driver data */
        if (txq->txb) {
                kfree(txq->txb);
                txq->txb = NULL;
        }
 
-       /* 0 fill whole structure */
+       /* 0-fill queue descriptor structure */
        memset(txq, 0, sizeof(*txq));
 }
 
@@ -404,6 +433,11 @@ const u8 iwl4965_broadcast_addr[ETH_ALEN] = { 0xFF, 0xFF, 
0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF
 /**************************************************************/
 
 #if 0 /* temporary disable till we add real remove station */
+/**
+ * iwl4965_remove_station - Remove driver's knowledge of station.
+ *
+ * NOTE:  This does not remove station from device's station table.
+ */
 static u8 iwl4965_remove_station(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, const u8 *addr, 
int is_ap)
 {
        int index = IWL_INVALID_STATION;
@@ -441,6 +475,11 @@ out:
 }
 #endif
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_clear_stations_table - Clear the driver's station table
+ *
+ * NOTE:  This does not clear or otherwise alter the device's station table.
+ */
 static void iwl4965_clear_stations_table(struct iwl4965_priv *priv)
 {
        unsigned long flags;
@@ -453,6 +492,9 @@ static void iwl4965_clear_stations_table(struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv)
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->sta_lock, flags);
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_add_station_flags - Add station to tables in driver and device
+ */
 u8 iwl4965_add_station_flags(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, const u8 *addr, int 
is_ap, u8 flags)
 {
        int i;
@@ -499,6 +541,7 @@ u8 iwl4965_add_station_flags(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, 
const u8 *addr, int is_a
        station->used = 1;
        priv->num_stations++;
 
+       /* Set up the REPLY_ADD_STA command to send to device */
        memset(&station->sta, 0, sizeof(struct iwl4965_addsta_cmd));
        memcpy(station->sta.sta.addr, addr, ETH_ALEN);
        station->sta.mode = 0;
@@ -513,6 +556,8 @@ u8 iwl4965_add_station_flags(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, 
const u8 *addr, int is_a
 #endif /*CONFIG_IWL4965_HT*/
 
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->sta_lock, flags_spin);
+
+       /* Add station to device's station table */
        iwl4965_send_add_station(priv, &station->sta, flags);
        return index;
 
@@ -682,7 +727,11 @@ static int iwl4965_enqueue_hcmd(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, 
struct iwl4965_host_c
                     fix_size, q->write_ptr, idx, IWL_CMD_QUEUE_NUM);
 
        txq->need_update = 1;
+
+       /* Set up entry in queue's byte count circular buffer */
        ret = iwl4965_tx_queue_update_wr_ptr(priv, txq, 0);
+
+       /* Increment and update queue's write index */
        q->write_ptr = iwl4965_queue_inc_wrap(q->write_ptr, q->n_bd);
        iwl4965_tx_queue_update_write_ptr(priv, txq);
 
@@ -848,7 +897,10 @@ static int iwl4965_rxon_add_station(struct iwl4965_priv 
*priv,
 {
        u8 sta_id;
 
+       /* Add station to device's station table */
        sta_id = iwl4965_add_station_flags(priv, addr, is_ap, 0);
+
+       /* Set up default rate scaling table in device's station table */
        iwl4965_add_station(priv, addr, is_ap);
 
        return sta_id;
@@ -1574,7 +1626,7 @@ static void get_eeprom_mac(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, u8 
*mac)
 /**
  * iwl4965_eeprom_init - read EEPROM contents
  *
- * Load the EEPROM from adapter into priv->eeprom
+ * Load the EEPROM contents from adapter into priv->eeprom
  *
  * NOTE:  This routine uses the non-debug IO access functions.
  */
@@ -1599,6 +1651,7 @@ int iwl4965_eeprom_init(struct iwl4965_priv *priv)
                return -ENOENT;
        }
 
+       /* Make sure driver (instead of uCode) is allowed to read EEPROM */
        rc = iwl4965_eeprom_acquire_semaphore(priv);
        if (rc < 0) {
                IWL_ERROR("Failed to acquire EEPROM semaphore.\n");
@@ -2739,6 +2792,11 @@ static void iwl4965_build_tx_cmd_basic(struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv,
        cmd->cmd.tx.next_frame_len = 0;
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_get_sta_id - Find station's index within station table
+ *
+ * If new IBSS station, create new entry in station table
+ */
 static int iwl4965_get_sta_id(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
                                struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr)
 {
@@ -2746,16 +2804,15 @@ static int iwl4965_get_sta_id(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
        u16 fc = le16_to_cpu(hdr->frame_control);
        DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);
 
-       /* If this frame is broadcast or not data then use the broadcast
-        * station id */
+       /* If this frame is broadcast or management, use broadcast station id */
        if (((fc & IEEE80211_FCTL_FTYPE) != IEEE80211_FTYPE_DATA) ||
            is_multicast_ether_addr(hdr->addr1))
                return priv->hw_setting.bcast_sta_id;
 
        switch (priv->iw_mode) {
 
-       /* If this frame is part of a BSS network (we're a station), then
-        * we use the AP's station id */
+       /* If we are a client station in a BSS network, use the special
+        * AP station entry (that's the only station we communicate with) */
        case IEEE80211_IF_TYPE_STA:
                return IWL_AP_ID;
 
@@ -2766,13 +2823,14 @@ static int iwl4965_get_sta_id(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
                        return sta_id;
                return priv->hw_setting.bcast_sta_id;
 
-       /* If this frame is part of a IBSS network, then we use the
-        * target specific station id */
+       /* If this frame is going out to an IBSS network, find the station,
+        * or create a new station table entry */
        case IEEE80211_IF_TYPE_IBSS:
                sta_id = iwl4965_hw_find_station(priv, hdr->addr1);
                if (sta_id != IWL_INVALID_STATION)
                        return sta_id;
 
+               /* Create new station table entry */
                sta_id = iwl4965_add_station_flags(priv, hdr->addr1, 0, 
CMD_ASYNC);
 
                if (sta_id != IWL_INVALID_STATION)
@@ -2854,6 +2912,8 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_skb(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
 
        hdr_len = ieee80211_get_hdrlen(fc);
+
+       /* Find (or create) index into station table for destination station */
        sta_id = iwl4965_get_sta_id(priv, hdr);
        if (sta_id == IWL_INVALID_STATION) {
                DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);
@@ -2882,30 +2942,52 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_skb(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
 #endif /* CONFIG_IWL4965_HT_AGG */
 #endif /* CONFIG_IWL4965_HT */
        }
+
+       /* Descriptor for chosen Tx queue */
        txq = &priv->txq[txq_id];
        q = &txq->q;
 
        spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
 
+       /* Set up first empty TFD within this queue's circular TFD buffer */
        tfd = &txq->bd[q->write_ptr];
        memset(tfd, 0, sizeof(*tfd));
        control_flags = (u32 *) tfd;
        idx = get_cmd_index(q, q->write_ptr, 0);
 
+       /* Set up driver data for this TFD */
        memset(&(txq->txb[q->write_ptr]), 0, sizeof(struct iwl4965_tx_info));
        txq->txb[q->write_ptr].skb[0] = skb;
        memcpy(&(txq->txb[q->write_ptr].status.control),
               ctl, sizeof(struct ieee80211_tx_control));
+
+       /* Set up first empty entry in queue's array of Tx/cmd buffers */
        out_cmd = &txq->cmd[idx];
        memset(&out_cmd->hdr, 0, sizeof(out_cmd->hdr));
        memset(&out_cmd->cmd.tx, 0, sizeof(out_cmd->cmd.tx));
+
+       /*
+        * Set up the Tx-command (not MAC!) header.
+        * Store the chosen Tx queue and TFD index within the sequence field;
+        * after Tx, uCode's Tx response will return this value so driver can
+        * locate the frame within the tx queue and do post-tx processing.
+        */
        out_cmd->hdr.cmd = REPLY_TX;
        out_cmd->hdr.sequence = cpu_to_le16((u16)(QUEUE_TO_SEQ(txq_id) |
                                INDEX_TO_SEQ(q->write_ptr)));
-       /* copy frags header */
+
+       /* Copy MAC header from skb into command buffer */
        memcpy(out_cmd->cmd.tx.hdr, hdr, hdr_len);
 
-       /* hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *)out_cmd->cmd.tx.hdr; */
+       /*
+        * Use the first empty entry in this queue's command buffer array
+        * to contain the Tx command and MAC header concatenated together
+        * (payload data will be in another buffer).
+        * Size of this varies, due to varying MAC header length.
+        * If end is not dword aligned, we'll have 2 extra bytes at the end
+        * of the MAC header (device reads on dword boundaries).
+        * We'll tell device about this padding later.
+        */
        len = priv->hw_setting.tx_cmd_len +
                sizeof(struct iwl4965_cmd_header) + hdr_len;
 
@@ -2917,15 +2999,20 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_skb(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
        else
                len_org = 0;
 
+       /* Physical address of this Tx command's header (not MAC header!),
+        * within command buffer array. */
        txcmd_phys = txq->dma_addr_cmd + sizeof(struct iwl4965_cmd) * idx +
                     offsetof(struct iwl4965_cmd, hdr);
 
+       /* Add buffer containing Tx command and MAC(!) header to TFD's
+        * first entry */
        iwl4965_hw_txq_attach_buf_to_tfd(priv, tfd, txcmd_phys, len);
 
        if (!(ctl->flags & IEEE80211_TXCTL_DO_NOT_ENCRYPT))
                iwl4965_build_tx_cmd_hwcrypto(priv, ctl, out_cmd, skb, 0);
 
-       /* 802.11 null functions have no payload... */
+       /* Set up TFD's 2nd entry to point directly to remainder of skb,
+        * if any (802.11 null frames have no payload). */
        len = skb->len - hdr_len;
        if (len) {
                phys_addr = pci_map_single(priv->pci_dev, skb->data + hdr_len,
@@ -2933,9 +3020,11 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_skb(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
                iwl4965_hw_txq_attach_buf_to_tfd(priv, tfd, phys_addr, len);
        }
 
+       /* Tell 4965 about any 2-byte padding after MAC header */
        if (len_org)
                out_cmd->cmd.tx.tx_flags |= TX_CMD_FLG_MH_PAD_MSK;
 
+       /* Total # bytes to be transmitted */
        len = (u16)skb->len;
        out_cmd->cmd.tx.len = cpu_to_le16(len);
 
@@ -2965,8 +3054,10 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_skb(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
        iwl4965_print_hex_dump(IWL_DL_TX, (u8 *)out_cmd->cmd.tx.hdr,
                           ieee80211_get_hdrlen(fc));
 
+       /* Set up entry for this TFD in Tx byte-count array */
        iwl4965_tx_queue_update_wr_ptr(priv, txq, len);
 
+       /* Tell device the write index *just past* this latest filled TFD */
        q->write_ptr = iwl4965_queue_inc_wrap(q->write_ptr, q->n_bd);
        rc = iwl4965_tx_queue_update_write_ptr(priv, txq);
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
@@ -3443,11 +3534,11 @@ static void iwl4965_txstatus_to_ieee(struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv,
 }
 
 /**
- * iwl4965_tx_queue_reclaim - Reclaim Tx queue entries no more used by NIC.
+ * iwl4965_tx_queue_reclaim - Reclaim Tx queue entries already Tx'd
  *
- * When FW advances 'R' index, all entries between old and
- * new 'R' index need to be reclaimed. As result, some free space
- * forms. If there is enough free space (> low mark), wake Tx queue.
+ * When FW advances 'R' index, all entries between old and new 'R' index
+ * need to be reclaimed. As result, some free space forms.  If there is
+ * enough free space (> low mark), wake the stack that feeds us.
  */
 int iwl4965_tx_queue_reclaim(struct iwl4965_priv *priv, int txq_id, int index)
 {
@@ -3528,6 +3619,10 @@ static inline u32 iwl4965_get_scd_ssn(struct 
iwl4965_tx_resp *tx_resp)
        return le32_to_cpu(*scd_ssn) & MAX_SN;
 
 }
+
+/**
+ * iwl4965_tx_status_reply_tx - Handle Tx rspnse for frames in aggregation 
queue
+ */
 static int iwl4965_tx_status_reply_tx(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
                                      struct iwl4965_ht_agg *agg,
                                      struct iwl4965_tx_resp *tx_resp,
@@ -3542,14 +3637,16 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_status_reply_tx(struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv,
        u16 seq;
 
        if (agg->wait_for_ba)
-               IWL_DEBUG_TX_REPLY("got tx repsons w/o back\n");
+               IWL_DEBUG_TX_REPLY("got tx response w/o block-ack\n");
 
        agg->frame_count = tx_resp->frame_count;
        agg->start_idx = start_idx;
        agg->rate_n_flags = le32_to_cpu(tx_resp->rate_n_flags);
        agg->bitmap0 = agg->bitmap1 = 0;
 
+       /* # frames attempted by Tx command */
        if (agg->frame_count == 1) {
+               /* Only one frame was attempted; no block-ack will arrive */
                struct iwl4965_tx_queue *txq ;
                status = le32_to_cpu(frame_status[0]);
 
@@ -3578,9 +3675,11 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_status_reply_tx(struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv,
 
                agg->wait_for_ba = 0;
        } else {
+               /* Two or more frames were attempted; expect block-ack */
                u64 bitmap = 0;
                int start = agg->start_idx;
 
+               /* Construct bit-map of pending frames within Tx window */
                for (i = 0; i < agg->frame_count; i++) {
                        u16 sc;
                        status = le32_to_cpu(frame_status[i]);
@@ -3644,6 +3743,9 @@ static int iwl4965_tx_status_reply_tx(struct iwl4965_priv 
*priv,
 #endif
 #endif
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_rx_reply_tx - Handle standard (non-aggregation) Tx response
+ */
 static void iwl4965_rx_reply_tx(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
                            struct iwl4965_rx_mem_buffer *rxb)
 {
@@ -4265,6 +4367,7 @@ int iwl4965_rx_queue_update_write_ptr(struct iwl4965_priv 
*priv, struct iwl4965_
        if (q->need_update == 0)
                goto exit_unlock;
 
+       /* If power-saving is in use, make sure device is awake */
        if (test_bit(STATUS_POWER_PMI, &priv->status)) {
                reg = iwl4965_read32(priv, CSR_UCODE_DRV_GP1);
 
@@ -4278,10 +4381,14 @@ int iwl4965_rx_queue_update_write_ptr(struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv, struct iwl4965_
                if (rc)
                        goto exit_unlock;
 
+               /* Device expects a multiple of 8 */
                iwl4965_write_direct32(priv, FH_RSCSR_CHNL0_WPTR,
                                     q->write & ~0x7);
                iwl4965_release_nic_access(priv);
+
+       /* Else device is assumed to be awake */
        } else
+               /* Device expects a multiple of 8 */
                iwl4965_write32(priv, FH_RSCSR_CHNL0_WPTR, q->write & ~0x7);
 
 
@@ -4324,9 +4431,12 @@ static int iwl4965_rx_queue_restock(struct iwl4965_priv 
*priv)
        spin_lock_irqsave(&rxq->lock, flags);
        write = rxq->write & ~0x7;
        while ((iwl4965_rx_queue_space(rxq) > 0) && (rxq->free_count)) {
+               /* Get next free Rx buffer, remove from free list */
                element = rxq->rx_free.next;
                rxb = list_entry(element, struct iwl4965_rx_mem_buffer, list);
                list_del(element);
+
+               /* Point to Rx buffer via next RBD in circular buffer */
                rxq->bd[rxq->write] = iwl4965_dma_addr2rbd_ptr(priv, 
rxb->dma_addr);
                rxq->queue[rxq->write] = rxb;
                rxq->write = (rxq->write + 1) & RX_QUEUE_MASK;
@@ -4339,7 +4449,8 @@ static int iwl4965_rx_queue_restock(struct iwl4965_priv 
*priv)
                queue_work(priv->workqueue, &priv->rx_replenish);
 
 
-       /* If we've added more space for the firmware to place data, tell it */
+       /* If we've added more space for the firmware to place data, tell it.
+        * Increment device's write pointer in multiples of 8. */
        if ((write != (rxq->write & ~0x7))
            || (abs(rxq->write - rxq->read) > 7)) {
                spin_lock_irqsave(&rxq->lock, flags);
@@ -4372,6 +4483,8 @@ void iwl4965_rx_replenish(void *data)
        while (!list_empty(&rxq->rx_used)) {
                element = rxq->rx_used.next;
                rxb = list_entry(element, struct iwl4965_rx_mem_buffer, list);
+
+               /* Alloc a new receive buffer */
                rxb->skb =
                    alloc_skb(IWL_RX_BUF_SIZE, __GFP_NOWARN | GFP_ATOMIC);
                if (!rxb->skb) {
@@ -4385,6 +4498,8 @@ void iwl4965_rx_replenish(void *data)
                }
                priv->alloc_rxb_skb++;
                list_del(element);
+
+               /* Get physical address of RB/SKB */
                rxb->dma_addr =
                    pci_map_single(priv->pci_dev, rxb->skb->data,
                                   IWL_RX_BUF_SIZE, PCI_DMA_FROMDEVICE);
@@ -4429,12 +4544,16 @@ int iwl4965_rx_queue_alloc(struct iwl4965_priv *priv)
        spin_lock_init(&rxq->lock);
        INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rxq->rx_free);
        INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rxq->rx_used);
+
+       /* Alloc the circular buffer of Read Buffer Descriptors (RBDs) */
        rxq->bd = pci_alloc_consistent(dev, 4 * RX_QUEUE_SIZE, &rxq->dma_addr);
        if (!rxq->bd)
                return -ENOMEM;
+
        /* Fill the rx_used queue with _all_ of the Rx buffers */
        for (i = 0; i < RX_FREE_BUFFERS + RX_QUEUE_SIZE; i++)
                list_add_tail(&rxq->pool[i].list, &rxq->rx_used);
+
        /* Set us so that we have processed and used all buffers, but have
         * not restocked the Rx queue with fresh buffers */
        rxq->read = rxq->write = 0;
@@ -4566,6 +4685,8 @@ static void iwl4965_rx_handle(struct iwl4965_priv *priv)
        int reclaim;
        unsigned long flags;
 
+       /* uCode's read index (stored in shared DRAM) indicates the last Rx
+        * buffer that the driver may process (last buffer filled by ucode). */
        r = iwl4965_hw_get_rx_read(priv);
        i = rxq->read;
 
@@ -4649,6 +4770,9 @@ static void iwl4965_rx_handle(struct iwl4965_priv *priv)
        iwl4965_rx_queue_restock(priv);
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_tx_queue_update_write_ptr - Send new write index to hardware
+ */
 static int iwl4965_tx_queue_update_write_ptr(struct iwl4965_priv *priv,
                                  struct iwl4965_tx_queue *txq)
 {
@@ -5282,6 +5406,11 @@ static void iwl4965_init_band_reference(const struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv,
        }
 }
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_get_channel_info - Find driver's private channel info
+ *
+ * Based on band and channel number.
+ */
 const struct iwl4965_channel_info *iwl4965_get_channel_info(const struct 
iwl4965_priv *priv,
                                                    int phymode, u16 channel)
 {
@@ -5309,6 +5438,9 @@ const struct iwl4965_channel_info 
*iwl4965_get_channel_info(const struct iwl4965
 #define CHECK_AND_PRINT(x) ((eeprom_ch_info[ch].flags & EEPROM_CHANNEL_##x) \
                            ? # x " " : "")
 
+/**
+ * iwl4965_init_channel_map - Set up driver's info for all possible channels
+ */
 static int iwl4965_init_channel_map(struct iwl4965_priv *priv)
 {
        int eeprom_ch_count = 0;
@@ -5418,6 +5550,7 @@ static int iwl4965_init_channel_map(struct iwl4965_priv 
*priv)
                }
        }
 
+       /* Two additional EEPROM bands for 2.4 and 5 GHz FAT channels */
        for (band = 6; band <= 7; band++) {
                int phymode;
                u8 fat_extension_chan;
@@ -5425,7 +5558,9 @@ static int iwl4965_init_channel_map(struct iwl4965_priv 
*priv)
                iwl4965_init_band_reference(priv, band, &eeprom_ch_count,
                                        &eeprom_ch_info, &eeprom_ch_index);
 
+               /* EEPROM band 6 is 2.4, band 7 is 5 GHz */
                phymode = (band == 6) ? MODE_IEEE80211B : MODE_IEEE80211A;
+
                /* Loop through each band adding each of the channels */
                for (ch = 0; ch < eeprom_ch_count; ch++) {
 
@@ -5437,11 +5572,13 @@ static int iwl4965_init_channel_map(struct iwl4965_priv 
*priv)
                        else
                                fat_extension_chan = HT_IE_EXT_CHANNEL_ABOVE;
 
+                       /* Set up driver's info for lower half */
                        iwl4965_set_fat_chan_info(priv, phymode,
                                                  eeprom_ch_index[ch],
                                                  &(eeprom_ch_info[ch]),
                                                  fat_extension_chan);
 
+                       /* Set up driver's info for upper half */
                        iwl4965_set_fat_chan_info(priv, phymode,
                                                  (eeprom_ch_index[ch] + 4),
                                                  &(eeprom_ch_info[ch]),
@@ -8951,6 +9088,8 @@ static int iwl4965_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
        struct ieee80211_hw *hw;
        int i;
 
+       /* Disabling hardware scan means that mac80211 will perform scans
+        * "the hard way", rather than using device's scan. */
        if (iwl4965_param_disable_hw_scan) {
                IWL_DEBUG_INFO("Disabling hw_scan\n");
                iwl4965_hw_ops.hw_scan = NULL;
@@ -9002,9 +9141,11 @@ static int iwl4965_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
        /* Tell mac80211 our Tx characteristics */
        hw->flags = IEEE80211_HW_HOST_GEN_BEACON_TEMPLATE;
 
+       /* Default value; 4 EDCA QOS priorities */
        hw->queues = 4;
 #ifdef CONFIG_IWL4965_HT
 #ifdef CONFIG_IWL4965_HT_AGG
+       /* Enhanced value; more queues, to support 11n aggregation */
        hw->queues = 16;
 #endif /* CONFIG_IWL4965_HT_AGG */
 #endif /* CONFIG_IWL4965_HT */
@@ -9028,6 +9169,7 @@ static int iwl4965_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
 
        pci_set_master(pdev);
 
+       /* Clear the driver's (not device's) station table */
        iwl4965_clear_stations_table(priv);
 
        priv->data_retry_limit = -1;
@@ -9047,9 +9189,11 @@ static int iwl4965_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
        err = pci_request_regions(pdev, DRV_NAME);
        if (err)
                goto out_pci_disable_device;
+
        /* We disable the RETRY_TIMEOUT register (0x41) to keep
         * PCI Tx retries from interfering with C3 CPU state */
        pci_write_config_byte(pdev, 0x41, 0x00);
+
        priv->hw_base = pci_iomap(pdev, 0, 0);
        if (!priv->hw_base) {
                err = -ENODEV;
@@ -9062,6 +9206,7 @@ static int iwl4965_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
 
        /* Initialize module parameter values here */
 
+       /* Disable radio (SW RF KILL) via parameter when loading driver */
        if (iwl4965_param_disable) {
                set_bit(STATUS_RF_KILL_SW, &priv->status);
                IWL_DEBUG_INFO("Radio disabled.\n");
@@ -9076,6 +9221,7 @@ static int iwl4965_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const 
struct pci_device_id *e
        priv->valid_antenna = 0x7;      /* assume all 3 connected */
        priv->ps_mode = IWL_MIMO_PS_NONE;
 
+       /* Choose which receivers/antennas to use */
        iwl4965_set_rxon_chain(priv);
 
        printk(KERN_INFO DRV_NAME
-
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