Gitweb:     
http://git.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=76507f69c44ed199a1a68086145398459e55835d
Commit:     76507f69c44ed199a1a68086145398459e55835d
Parent:     7d0742da1c8f5df3a34030f0170b30d1a052be80
Author:     Patrick McHardy <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Thu Jan 31 04:38:38 2008 -0800
Committer:  David S. Miller <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Thu Jan 31 19:27:54 2008 -0800

    [NETFILTER]: nf_conntrack: use RCU for conntrack hash
    
    Signed-off-by: Patrick McHardy <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
    Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
---
 include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h               |    2 +
 .../netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4_compat.c   |   18 ++++--
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c                  |   63 +++++++++++++-------
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c               |   11 ++--
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_standalone.c            |   18 +++---
 net/netfilter/xt_connlimit.c                       |    4 +-
 6 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h 
b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
index dada041..561ae76 100644
--- a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
+++ b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
@@ -129,6 +129,8 @@ struct nf_conn
 
        /* Extensions */
        struct nf_ct_ext *ext;
+
+       struct rcu_head rcu;
 };
 
 static inline struct nf_conn *
diff --git a/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4_compat.c 
b/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4_compat.c
index 2fdcd92..0ee87ed 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4_compat.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4_compat.c
@@ -39,12 +39,14 @@ struct ct_iter_state {
 static struct hlist_node *ct_get_first(struct seq_file *seq)
 {
        struct ct_iter_state *st = seq->private;
+       struct hlist_node *n;
 
        for (st->bucket = 0;
             st->bucket < nf_conntrack_htable_size;
             st->bucket++) {
-               if (!hlist_empty(&nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket]))
-                       return nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket].first;
+               n = rcu_dereference(nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket].first);
+               if (n)
+                       return n;
        }
        return NULL;
 }
@@ -54,11 +56,11 @@ static struct hlist_node *ct_get_next(struct seq_file *seq,
 {
        struct ct_iter_state *st = seq->private;
 
-       head = head->next;
+       head = rcu_dereference(head->next);
        while (head == NULL) {
                if (++st->bucket >= nf_conntrack_htable_size)
                        return NULL;
-               head = nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket].first;
+               head = rcu_dereference(nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket].first);
        }
        return head;
 }
@@ -74,8 +76,9 @@ static struct hlist_node *ct_get_idx(struct seq_file *seq, 
loff_t pos)
 }
 
 static void *ct_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
+       __acquires(RCU)
 {
-       read_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_lock();
        return ct_get_idx(seq, *pos);
 }
 
@@ -86,8 +89,9 @@ static void *ct_seq_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t 
*pos)
 }
 
 static void ct_seq_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
+       __releases(RCU)
 {
-       read_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_unlock();
 }
 
 static int ct_seq_show(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
@@ -226,6 +230,7 @@ static struct hlist_node *ct_expect_get_idx(struct seq_file 
*seq, loff_t pos)
 }
 
 static void *exp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
+       __acquires(RCU)
 {
        rcu_read_lock();
        return ct_expect_get_idx(seq, *pos);
@@ -238,6 +243,7 @@ static void *exp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, 
loff_t *pos)
 }
 
 static void exp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
+       __releases(RCU)
 {
        rcu_read_unlock();
 }
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c 
b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
index 1025607..a54bfec 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
@@ -166,8 +166,8 @@ static void
 clean_from_lists(struct nf_conn *ct)
 {
        pr_debug("clean_from_lists(%p)\n", ct);
-       hlist_del(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnode);
-       hlist_del(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].hnode);
+       hlist_del_rcu(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnode);
+       hlist_del_rcu(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].hnode);
 
        /* Destroy all pending expectations */
        nf_ct_remove_expectations(ct);
@@ -253,7 +253,7 @@ __nf_conntrack_find(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple,
        struct hlist_node *n;
        unsigned int hash = hash_conntrack(tuple);
 
-       hlist_for_each_entry(h, n, &nf_conntrack_hash[hash], hnode) {
+       hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(h, n, &nf_conntrack_hash[hash], hnode) {
                if (nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(h) != ignored_conntrack &&
                    nf_ct_tuple_equal(tuple, &h->tuple)) {
                        NF_CT_STAT_INC(found);
@@ -271,12 +271,16 @@ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *
 nf_conntrack_find_get(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple)
 {
        struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *h;
+       struct nf_conn *ct;
 
-       read_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_lock();
        h = __nf_conntrack_find(tuple, NULL);
-       if (h)
-               atomic_inc(&nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(h)->ct_general.use);
-       read_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       if (h) {
+               ct = nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(h);
+               if (unlikely(!atomic_inc_not_zero(&ct->ct_general.use)))
+                       h = NULL;
+       }
+       rcu_read_unlock();
 
        return h;
 }
@@ -286,10 +290,10 @@ static void __nf_conntrack_hash_insert(struct nf_conn *ct,
                                       unsigned int hash,
                                       unsigned int repl_hash)
 {
-       hlist_add_head(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnode,
-                      &nf_conntrack_hash[hash]);
-       hlist_add_head(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].hnode,
-                      &nf_conntrack_hash[repl_hash]);
+       hlist_add_head_rcu(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnode,
+                          &nf_conntrack_hash[hash]);
+       hlist_add_head_rcu(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].hnode,
+                          &nf_conntrack_hash[repl_hash]);
 }
 
 void nf_conntrack_hash_insert(struct nf_conn *ct)
@@ -392,9 +396,9 @@ nf_conntrack_tuple_taken(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple 
*tuple,
 {
        struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *h;
 
-       read_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_lock();
        h = __nf_conntrack_find(tuple, ignored_conntrack);
-       read_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_unlock();
 
        return h != NULL;
 }
@@ -413,21 +417,23 @@ static int early_drop(unsigned int hash)
        unsigned int i, cnt = 0;
        int dropped = 0;
 
-       read_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_lock();
        for (i = 0; i < nf_conntrack_htable_size; i++) {
-               hlist_for_each_entry(h, n, &nf_conntrack_hash[hash], hnode) {
+               hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(h, n, &nf_conntrack_hash[hash],
+                                        hnode) {
                        tmp = nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(h);
                        if (!test_bit(IPS_ASSURED_BIT, &tmp->status))
                                ct = tmp;
                        cnt++;
                }
+
+               if (ct && unlikely(!atomic_inc_not_zero(&ct->ct_general.use)))
+                       ct = NULL;
                if (ct || cnt >= NF_CT_EVICTION_RANGE)
                        break;
                hash = (hash + 1) % nf_conntrack_htable_size;
        }
-       if (ct)
-               atomic_inc(&ct->ct_general.use);
-       read_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_unlock();
 
        if (!ct)
                return dropped;
@@ -480,17 +486,25 @@ struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(const struct 
nf_conntrack_tuple *orig,
        /* Don't set timer yet: wait for confirmation */
        setup_timer(&conntrack->timeout, death_by_timeout,
                    (unsigned long)conntrack);
+       INIT_RCU_HEAD(&conntrack->rcu);
 
        return conntrack;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_conntrack_alloc);
 
-void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *conntrack)
+static void nf_conntrack_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
 {
-       nf_ct_ext_free(conntrack);
-       kmem_cache_free(nf_conntrack_cachep, conntrack);
+       struct nf_conn *ct = container_of(head, struct nf_conn, rcu);
+
+       nf_ct_ext_free(ct);
+       kmem_cache_free(nf_conntrack_cachep, ct);
        atomic_dec(&nf_conntrack_count);
 }
+
+void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *conntrack)
+{
+       call_rcu(&conntrack->rcu, nf_conntrack_free_rcu);
+}
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_conntrack_free);
 
 /* Allocate a new conntrack: we return -ENOMEM if classification
@@ -1036,12 +1050,17 @@ int nf_conntrack_set_hashsize(const char *val, struct 
kernel_param *kp)
         * use a newrandom seed */
        get_random_bytes(&rnd, 4);
 
+       /* Lookups in the old hash might happen in parallel, which means we
+        * might get false negatives during connection lookup. New connections
+        * created because of a false negative won't make it into the hash
+        * though since that required taking the lock.
+        */
        write_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
        for (i = 0; i < nf_conntrack_htable_size; i++) {
                while (!hlist_empty(&nf_conntrack_hash[i])) {
                        h = hlist_entry(nf_conntrack_hash[i].first,
                                        struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash, hnode);
-                       hlist_del(&h->hnode);
+                       hlist_del_rcu(&h->hnode);
                        bucket = __hash_conntrack(&h->tuple, hashsize, rnd);
                        hlist_add_head(&h->hnode, &hash[bucket]);
                }
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c 
b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c
index 557f471..b701dcc 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_netlink.c
@@ -545,12 +545,12 @@ ctnetlink_dump_table(struct sk_buff *skb, struct 
netlink_callback *cb)
        struct nfgenmsg *nfmsg = NLMSG_DATA(cb->nlh);
        u_int8_t l3proto = nfmsg->nfgen_family;
 
-       read_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_lock();
        last = (struct nf_conn *)cb->args[1];
        for (; cb->args[0] < nf_conntrack_htable_size; cb->args[0]++) {
 restart:
-               hlist_for_each_entry(h, n, &nf_conntrack_hash[cb->args[0]],
-                                    hnode) {
+               hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(h, n, &nf_conntrack_hash[cb->args[0]],
+                                        hnode) {
                        if (NF_CT_DIRECTION(h) != IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL)
                                continue;
                        ct = nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(h);
@@ -568,7 +568,8 @@ restart:
                                                cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq,
                                                IPCTNL_MSG_CT_NEW,
                                                1, ct) < 0) {
-                               nf_conntrack_get(&ct->ct_general);
+                               if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&ct->ct_general.use))
+                                       continue;
                                cb->args[1] = (unsigned long)ct;
                                goto out;
                        }
@@ -584,7 +585,7 @@ restart:
                }
        }
 out:
-       read_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_unlock();
        if (last)
                nf_ct_put(last);
 
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_standalone.c 
b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_standalone.c
index 28c5ae8..98f0cd3 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_standalone.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_standalone.c
@@ -58,12 +58,14 @@ struct ct_iter_state {
 static struct hlist_node *ct_get_first(struct seq_file *seq)
 {
        struct ct_iter_state *st = seq->private;
+       struct hlist_node *n;
 
        for (st->bucket = 0;
             st->bucket < nf_conntrack_htable_size;
             st->bucket++) {
-               if (!hlist_empty(&nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket]))
-                       return nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket].first;
+               n = rcu_dereference(nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket].first);
+               if (n)
+                       return n;
        }
        return NULL;
 }
@@ -73,11 +75,11 @@ static struct hlist_node *ct_get_next(struct seq_file *seq,
 {
        struct ct_iter_state *st = seq->private;
 
-       head = head->next;
+       head = rcu_dereference(head->next);
        while (head == NULL) {
                if (++st->bucket >= nf_conntrack_htable_size)
                        return NULL;
-               head = nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket].first;
+               head = rcu_dereference(nf_conntrack_hash[st->bucket].first);
        }
        return head;
 }
@@ -93,9 +95,9 @@ static struct hlist_node *ct_get_idx(struct seq_file *seq, 
loff_t pos)
 }
 
 static void *ct_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
-       __acquires(nf_conntrack_lock)
+       __acquires(RCU)
 {
-       read_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_lock();
        return ct_get_idx(seq, *pos);
 }
 
@@ -106,9 +108,9 @@ static void *ct_seq_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, 
loff_t *pos)
 }
 
 static void ct_seq_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
-       __releases(nf_conntrack_lock)
+       __releases(RCU)
 {
-       read_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_unlock();
 }
 
 /* return 0 on success, 1 in case of error */
diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_connlimit.c b/net/netfilter/xt_connlimit.c
index e00ecd9..f9b59a6 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/xt_connlimit.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/xt_connlimit.c
@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@ static int count_them(struct xt_connlimit_data *data,
        else
                hash = &data->iphash[connlimit_iphash(addr->ip & mask->ip)];
 
-       read_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_lock();
 
        /* check the saved connections */
        list_for_each_entry_safe(conn, tmp, hash, list) {
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ static int count_them(struct xt_connlimit_data *data,
                        ++matches;
        }
 
-       read_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
+       rcu_read_unlock();
 
        if (addit) {
                /* save the new connection in our list */
-
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