Author: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
AuthorDate: Thu Feb 7 00:14:41 2008 -0800
Committer: Linus Torvalds <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
CommitDate: Thu Feb 7 08:42:22 2008 -0800
Documentation updates for memory controller.
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Reviewed-by: Balbir Singh <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Documentation/controllers/memory.txt | 33 +++++++++++++++++----------------
1 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
diff --git a/Documentation/controllers/memory.txt
index 61df8f8..b5bbea9 100644
@@ -9,8 +9,7 @@ d. Provides a double LRU: global memory pressure causes reclaim
global LRU; a cgroup on hitting a limit, reclaims from the per
-NOTE: Page Cache (unmapped) also includes Swap Cache pages as a subset
-and will not be referred to explicitly in the rest of the documentation.
+NOTE: Swap Cache (unmapped) is not accounted now.
Benefits and Purpose of the memory controller
@@ -144,7 +143,7 @@ list.
The memory controller uses the following hierarchy
1. zone->lru_lock is used for selecting pages to be isolated
-2. mem->lru_lock protects the per cgroup LRU
+2. mem->per_zone->lru_lock protects the per cgroup LRU (per zone)
3. lock_page_cgroup() is used to protect page->page_cgroup
3. User Interface
@@ -193,6 +192,15 @@ this file after a write to guarantee the value committed
by the kernel.
The memory.failcnt field gives the number of times that the cgroup limit was
+The memory.stat file gives accounting information. Now, the number of
+caches, RSS and Active pages/Inactive pages are shown.
+The memory.force_empty gives an interface to drop *all* charges by force.
+# echo -n 1 > memory.force_empty
+will drop all charges in cgroup. Currently, this is maintained for test.
Balbir posted lmbench, AIM9, LTP and vmmstress results  and .
@@ -222,11 +230,8 @@ reclaimed.
A cgroup can be removed by rmdir, but as discussed in sections 4.1 and 4.2, a
cgroup might have some charge associated with it, even though all
-tasks have migrated away from it. If some pages are still left, after following
-the steps listed in sections 4.1 and 4.2, check the Swap Cache usage in
-/proc/meminfo to see if the Swap Cache usage is showing up in the
-cgroups memory.usage_in_bytes counter. A simple test of swapoff -a and
-swapon -a should free any pending Swap Cache usage.
+tasks have migrated away from it. Such charges are automatically dropped at
+rmdir() if there are no tasks.
4.4 Choosing what to account -- Page Cache (unmapped) vs RSS (mapped)?
@@ -238,15 +243,11 @@ echo -n 1 > memory.control_type
1. Add support for accounting huge pages (as a separate controller)
-2. Improve the user interface to accept/display memory limits in KB or MB
- rather than pages (since page sizes can differ across platforms/machines).
-3. Make cgroup lists per-zone
-4. Make per-cgroup scanner reclaim not-shared pages first
-5. Teach controller to account for shared-pages
-6. Start reclamation when the limit is lowered
-7. Start reclamation in the background when the limit is
+2. Make per-cgroup scanner reclaim not-shared pages first
+3. Teach controller to account for shared-pages
+4. Start reclamation when the limit is lowered
+5. Start reclamation in the background when the limit is
not yet hit but the usage is getting closer
-8. Create per zone LRU lists per cgroup
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