Junio C Hamano wrote:
One very minor problem I have with Holmsand approach [*1*] is
that the original Barkalow puller allowed a really dumb http
server by not requiring directory index at all. For somebody
like me with a cheap ISP account [*2*], it was great that I did
not have to update 256 index.html files for objects/??/
directories. Admittedly, it would be just one directory
object/pack/, but still...
I totally agree that you shouldn't have to do any special kind of
prepping to serve a repository thru http. Which was why I thought it was
a good thing to use the default directory listing of the web-server,
assuming that this feature would be available on most servers...
Apparently not yours, though :-(
And Cogito already relies on directory listings (to find tags to download).
But if git-repack-script generates a "pack index file" automagically,
then of course everything is fine.
On the other hand, picking an optimum set of packs from
overlapping set of packs is indeed a very interesting (and hard
combinatorial) problem to solve. I am hoping that in practice
people would not force clients to do it with "interesting" set
of packs. I would hope them to have just a full pack and
incrementals, never having ovelaps, like Linus plans to do on
his kernel repo.
On the other hand, for somebody like Jeff Garzik with 50 heads,
it might make some sense to have a handful different overlapping
packs, optimized for different sets of people wanting to pull
some but not all of his heads.
Well, it is an interresting problem... But I don't think that the
solution is to create more pack files. In fact, you'd want as few pack
files as possible, for maximum overall efficiency.
I did a little experiment. I cloned Linus' current tree, and git
repacked everything (that's 63M + 3.3M worth of pack files). Then I got
something like 25 or so of Jeff's branches. That's 6.9M of object files,
and 1.4M packed. Total size: 70M for the entire .git/objects/pack directory.
Repacking all of that to a single pack file gives, somewhat
surprisingly, a pack size of 62M (+ 1.3M index). In other words, the
cost of getting all those branches, and all of the new stuff from Linus,
turns out to be *negative* (probably due to some strange deltification
I think that this shows that (at least in this case), having many
branches isn't particularly wasteful (1.4M in this case with one
And that fewer packs beats many packs quite handily.
The big problem, however, comes when Jeff (or anyone else) decides to
repack. Then, if you fetch both his repo and Linus', you might end up
with several really big pack files, that mostly overlap. That could
easily mean storing most objects many times, if you don't do some smart
selective un/repacking when fetching.
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