Source Code Management with Git "git" can mean anything, depending on your mood.
- random three-letter combination that is pronounceable, and not actually used by any common UNIX command. The fact that it is a mispronunciation of "get" may or may not be relevant. - stupid. contemptible and despicable. simple. Take your pick from the dictionary of slang. - "global information tracker": you're in a good mood, and it actually works for you. Angels sing, and a light suddenly fills the room. - "goddamn idiotic truckload of sh*t": when it breaks Git is a "directory content manager". Git has been designed to handle absolutely massive projects with speed and efficiency, and the release of the 2.6.12 and (soon) the 2.6.13 version of the Linux kernel would indicate that it does this task well. Git falls into the category of distributed source code management tools, similar to Arch or Darcs (or, in the commercial world, BitKeeper). Every Git working directory is a full-fledged repository with full revision tracking capabilities, not dependent on network access to a central server. Git provides a content-addressable pseudo filesystem, complete with its own version of fsck. o Speed of use, both for the project maintainer, and the end-users, is a key development principle. o The history is stored as a directed acyclic graph, making long-lived branches and repeated merging simple. o The core Git project considers itself to provide "plumbing" for other projects, as well as to serve to arbitrate for compatibility between them. The project built on top of the core Git are referred to as "porcelain". StGit, Cogito, qgit, gitk and gitweb are all building upon the core Git tools, and providing an easy to use interface to various pieces of functionality. o Some other projects have taken the concepts from the core Git project, and are either porting an existing toolset to use the Git tools, or reimplementing the concepts internally, to benefit from the performance improvements. This includes both Arch 2.0, and Darcs-git. o Two, interchangeable, on-disk formats are used: o An efficient, packed format that saves space and network bandwidth. o An unpacked format, optimized for fast writes and incremental work. To get a copy of Git: Daily snapshots are available at: http://www.codemonkey.org.uk/projects/git-snapshots/git/ (Thanks to Dave Jones) Source tarballs and RPMs at: http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/ Deb packages at: <insert url here> Or via Git itself: git clone http://www.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git/ <local directory> git clone rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git/ <local directory> (rsync is generally faster for an initial clone, you can switch later by editing .git/branches/origin and changing the url) To get the 'Porcelain' tools mentioned above: SCM Interface layers: cogito - http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/cogito/ StGIT - http://www.procode.org/stgit/ History Visualization: gitk - http://ozlabs.org/~paulus/gitk/ gitweb - http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/gitweb/ qgit - http://sourceforge.net/projects/qgit Git distributions contain a tutorial in the Documentation subdirectory. Additionally, the Kernel-Hacker's Git Tutorial at http://linux.yyz.us/git-howto.html may be useful. (Thanks to Jeff Garzik for that document) Git development takes place on the Git mailing list. To subscribe, send an email with just "subscribe git" in the body to [EMAIL PROTECTED] Mailing list archives are available at http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=git (This summary written by Ryan Anderson <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>. Please bug him with any corrections or complaints.) - To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe git" in the body of a message to [EMAIL PROTECTED] More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html