On Tue, Jul 10, 2012 at 04:30:52PM -0400, Jeff King wrote:

> On Tue, Jul 10, 2012 at 01:14:32PM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> > I do not think the combination with --amend, --only and no paths
> > ever worked.  We rejected such a combination before 6a74642c5, which
> > merely made us to accept the combination but I do not think the
> > commit did anything to re-read the tree from the HEAD being amended
> > to the index.
> > 
> > Something like this, but I haven't thought about what other things
> > it may break.
> Our emails just crossed. I came to the exact same conclusion, and just
> wrote almost the exact same patch.

Here it is with a test and commit message. I believe this fix could also

  git commit --allow-empty --only --

work if we removed the "--only does not make sense without paths" check.
But I seriously doubt that anybody cares, given that "--only" is the
default (i.e., just omitting it already does what you want there,
whether you have pathspecs or not).

-- >8 --
Subject: [PATCH] commit: fix "--amend --only" with no pathspec

When we do not have any pathspec, we typically disallow an
explicit "--only", because it makes no sense (your commit
would, by definition, be empty). But since 6a74642
(git-commit --amend: two fixes., 2006-04-20), we have
allowed "--amend --only" with the intent that it would amend
the commit, ignoring any contents staged in the index.

However, while that commit allowed the combination, we never
actually implemented the logic to make it work. The current
code notices that we have no pathspec and assumes we want to
do an as-is commit (i.e., the "--only" is ignored).

Instead, we must make sure to follow the partial-commit
code-path. We also need to tweak the list_paths function to
handle a NULL pathspec.

Signed-off-by: Jeff King <p...@peff.net>
 builtin/commit.c  |  5 ++++-
 t/t7501-commit.sh | 10 ++++++++++
 2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/builtin/commit.c b/builtin/commit.c
index f43eaaf..3c3385c 100644
--- a/builtin/commit.c
+++ b/builtin/commit.c
@@ -184,6 +184,9 @@ static int list_paths(struct string_list *list, const char 
        int i;
        char *m;
+       if (!pattern)
+               return 0;
        for (i = 0; pattern[i]; i++)
        m = xcalloc(1, i);
@@ -345,7 +348,7 @@ static char *prepare_index(int argc, const char **argv, 
const char *prefix,
         * and create commit from the_index.
         * We still need to refresh the index here.
-       if (!pathspec || !*pathspec) {
+       if (!only && (!pathspec || !*pathspec)) {
                fd = hold_locked_index(&index_lock, 1);
                if (active_cache_changed) {
diff --git a/t/t7501-commit.sh b/t/t7501-commit.sh
index b20ca0e..9f8d423 100755
--- a/t/t7501-commit.sh
+++ b/t/t7501-commit.sh
@@ -108,6 +108,16 @@ test_expect_success 'amend commit' '
        EDITOR=./editor git commit --amend
+test_expect_success 'amend --only ignores staged contents' '
+       test_when_finished "git reset --hard" &&
+       cp file file.expect &&
+       echo changed >file &&
+       git add file &&
+       git commit --no-edit --amend --only &&
+       git cat-file blob HEAD:file >file.actual &&
+       test_cmp file.expect file.actual
 test_expect_success 'set up editor' '
        cat >editor <<-\EOF &&

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