Carlos Martín Nieto <> writes:

> When looking through $PATH to try to find an external command,
> locate_in_PATH doesn't check that it's trying to execute a file. Add a
> check to make sure we won't try to execute a directory.
> This also stops us from looking further and maybe finding that the
> user meant an alias, as in the case where the user has
> /home/user/bin/git-foo/ and an alias
>     [alias] foo = !/home/user/bin/git-foo/
> Running 'git foo' will currently will try to execute ~/bin/git-foo and
> fail because you can't execute a directory. By making sure we don't do
> that, we realise that it's an alias and do the right thing
> Signed-off-by: Carlos Martín Nieto <>
> ---
> This comes from a case in #git. Not sure if this is worth it, or the
> better solution is just to say no to dirs in $PATH.
> After writing all of that, I thought to check the shell, and indeed
>     % git-foo
>     zsh: permission denied: git-foo
> so if the shell doesn't do it, the benefits probably don't outweigh
> having a dozen stat instead of access calls. strace reveals that zsh
> does what git currently does. bash uses stat and says 'command not
> found'.

Hrm, I do not use zsh but it does not seem to reproduce for me.

        $ mkdir -p /var/tmp/xx/git
        $ zsh
        % PATH=/var/tmp/xx:$PATH
        % type git
        git is /home/junio/bin/git
        % git version
        git version 1.8.0.rc0.45.g7ce8dc5
        % zsh --version
        zsh 4.3.10 (x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu)

> @@ -101,8 +102,9 @@ static char *locate_in_PATH(const char *file)
>               }
>               strbuf_addstr(&buf, file);
> -             if (!access(buf.buf, F_OK))
> +             if (!stat(buf.buf, &st) && !S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
>                       return strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
> +             }

So we used to say "if it exists and accessible, return that".  Now
we say "if it exists and is not a directory, return that".

I have to wonder what would happen if it exists as a non-directory
but we cannot access it.  Is that a regression?

>               if (!*end)
>                       break;
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