At the moment difftool's "trust exit code" logic always suppresses the
exit status of the diff utility we invoke. This is useful because we
don't want to exit just because diff returned "1" because the files
differ, but it's confusing if the shell returns an error because the
selected diff utility is not found.
POSIX specifies 127 as the exit status for "command not found", 126 for
"command found but is not executable" and values greater than 128 if the
command terminated because it received a signal  and at least bash
and dash follow this specification, while diff utilities generally use
"1" for the exit status we want to ignore.
Handle any value of 126 or greater as a special value indicating that
some form of fatal error occurred.
Signed-off-by: John Keeping <j...@keeping.me.uk>
On Mon, Aug 15, 2016 at 10:35:26PM +0100, John Keeping wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 15, 2016 at 01:21:22PM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> > "Tom Tanner (BLOOMBERG/ LONDON)" <ttann...@bloomberg.net> writes:
> > > From: gits...@pobox.com
> > > To: j...@keeping.me.uk
> > > Cc: Tom Tanner (BLOOMBERG/ LONDON), dav...@gmail.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
> > > At: 08/14/16 04:21:18
> > >
> > > John Keeping <j...@keeping.me.uk> writes:
> > > ...
> > >> POSIX specifies 127 as the exit status for "command not found" and 126
> > >> for "command found but is not executable"  and at least bash and dash
> > >> follow this specification, while diff utilities generally use "1" for
> > >> the exit status we want to ignore.
> > >>
> > >> Handle 126 and 127 as special values, assuming that they always mean
> > >> that the command could not be executed.
> > >
> > > Sounds like a reasonable thing to do. Will queue; thanks.
> > > Would it be possible to also treat signals (128 and above) as
> > > 'special' values as well (as I've seen some merge tools self
> > > destruct like that from time to time)
> > Certainly, it feels safer to notice an unusual exit status code and
> > error out to force the user to take notice, but that reasoning
> > assumes that "128 and above" are noteworthy exceptions.
> Reading further in POSIX:
> The exit status of a command that terminated because it received
> a signal shall be reported as greater than 128.
> I think if we accept the argument above about diff utilities generally
> using low numbers for the status values we're ignoring intentionally,
> then we can just treat any value above 125 as a fatal error.
Here's what that looks like.
git-difftool--helper.sh | 7 +++++++
t/t7800-difftool.sh | 6 ++++++
2 files changed, 13 insertions(+)
diff --git a/git-difftool--helper.sh b/git-difftool--helper.sh
index 84d6cc0..7bfb673 100755
@@ -86,6 +86,13 @@ else
launch_merge_tool "$1" "$2" "$5"
+ if test $status -ge 126
+ # Command not found (127), not executable (126) or
+ # exited via a signal (>= 128).
+ exit $status
if test "$status" != 0 &&
test "$GIT_DIFFTOOL_TRUST_EXIT_CODE" = true
diff --git a/t/t7800-difftool.sh b/t/t7800-difftool.sh
index 2974900..70a2de4 100755
@@ -124,6 +124,12 @@ test_expect_success PERL 'difftool stops on error with
test_cmp expect actual
+test_expect_success PERL 'difftool honors exit status if command not found' '
+ test_config difftool.nonexistent.cmd i-dont-exist &&
+ test_config difftool.trustExitCode false &&
+ test_must_fail git difftool -y -t nonexistent branch
test_expect_success PERL 'difftool honors --gui' '
test_config merge.tool bogus-tool &&
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