Since 3b75ee9 ("blame: allow to blame paths freshly added to the index",
2016-07-16) git blame also looks at the index to determine if there is a
file that was freshly added to the index.

cache_name_pos returns -pos - 1 in case there is no match is found, or
if the name matches, but the entry has a stage other than 0.  As git
blame should work for unmerged files, it uses strcmp to determine
whether the name of the returned position matches, in which case the
file exists, but is merely unmerged, or if the file actually doesn't
exist in the index.

If the repository is empty, or if the file would lexicographically be
sorted as the last file in the repository, -cache_name_pos - 1 is
outside of the length of the active_cache array, causing git blame to
segfault.  Guard against that, and die() normally to restore the old

Reported-by: Simon Ruderich <>
Helped-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gummerer <>
> The point of this fix is not that we show the exact error message,
> but we fail in a controlled manner.  I think
> test_expect_success 'blame untracked file in empty repo' '
>                >untracked &&
>                test_must_fail git blame untracked
>        '
> is sufficient.

Yeah, I agree with that.

Thanks for the review!

 builtin/blame.c  | 3 ++-
 t/ | 5 +++++
 2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/builtin/blame.c b/builtin/blame.c
index 7ec7823..a5bbf91 100644
--- a/builtin/blame.c
+++ b/builtin/blame.c
@@ -2244,7 +2244,8 @@ static void verify_working_tree_path(struct commit 
*work_tree, const char *path)
        pos = cache_name_pos(path, strlen(path));
        if (pos >= 0)
                ; /* path is in the index */
-       else if (!strcmp(active_cache[-1 - pos]->name, path))
+       else if (-1 - pos < active_nr &&
+                !strcmp(active_cache[-1 - pos]->name, path))
                ; /* path is in the index, unmerged */
                die("no such path '%s' in HEAD", path);
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index ff09ace..ab79de9 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -6,6 +6,11 @@ test_description='git blame'
 PROG='git blame -c'
+test_expect_success 'blame untracked file in empty repo' '
+       >untracked &&
+       test_must_fail git blame untracked
 PROG='git blame -c -e'
 test_expect_success 'blame --show-email' '
        check_count \

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