On 3/13/2018 5:42 PM, Junio C Hamano wrote:
Derrick Stolee <sto...@gmail.com> writes:

On 2/26/2018 9:32 PM, Derrick Stolee wrote:
This patch is new to the series due to the interactions with the lockfile API
and the hashfile API. I need to ensure the hashfile writes the hash value at
the end of the file, but keep the file descriptor open so the lock is valid.

I welcome any susggestions to this patch or to the way I use it in the commit
that follows.

-- >8 --
I haven't gotten any feedback on this step of the patch. Could someone
take a look and let me know what you think?

Let me just say that I appreciate the level of detail you provided in answering this question. The discussion below is very illuminating.

Let's follow the commit-graph writing codepath to see what happens:

        fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&lk, graph_name, 0);
        f = hashfd(lk.tempfile->fd, lk.tempfile->filename.buf);

The caller creates a lockfile, and then wraps its file descriptor in
a hashfile.

        hashwrite_be32(f, GRAPH_SIGNATURE);

Then it goes on writing to the hashfile, growing the lockfile.

        write_graph_chunk_large_edges(f, commits.list, commits.nr);


And after writing all data out (oh by the way, why aren't we passing
commit_graph instance around and instead relying on a file-scope
static global?)...

Yeah, we should remove the global dependence. Is this a blocker for the series?

After this lands, I plan to add a one-commit patch that moves all global "commit_graph" state to the_repository in the spirit of Stefan's patches. For now, this is equivalent to "close_all_packs()".

        hashclose(f, final_hash, CSUM_CLOSE | CSUM_FSYNC | CSUM_KEEP_OPEN);

We ask for the final hash value to be written to the file (and also
returned to us---although you do not seem to use that at all).  See
a comment on this, though, at the end.

I'm not using the final_hash anymore, since we are using the "$GIT_DIR/objects/info/commit-graph" filename always. If we make the file incremental, then we can use "final_hash" to name the split files. For now, I'll remove final_hash in favor of NULL.


And then, we put the lockfile to its final place, while closing its
file descriptor.

The overall API sounds sensible, from the above.


The function whose name is hashclose() that takes a flag word whose
possible bit value includes "Please close this thing" feels strange
enough (does it mean the hashclose() function does not close it if
CSUM_CLOSE is not given?), but adding another to the mix that lets
us say "Please close this (with or without FSYNC), oh by the way
please leave it open" feels a bit borderline to insanity.

I _think_ the word "close" in the name hashclose() is about closing
the (virtual) stream for the hashing that is overlayed on top of the
underlying file descriptor, and being able to choose between closing
and not closing the underlying file descriptor when "closing" the
hashing layer sort of makes sense.  So I won't complain too much
about hashclose() that takes optional CSUM_CLOSE flag.

I agree this "close" word is incorrect. We really want "finalize_hashfile()" which may include closing the file.

But then what does it mean to give KEEP_OPEN and CLOSE together?

This should have been a red flag that something was wrong.

The new caller (which is the only one that wants the nominally
nonsensical CLOSE|KEEP_OPEN combination, which is shown above) wants
the final checksum of the data sent over the (virtual) stream
computed and written, and the file descriptor fsync'ed, but the file
descriptor kept open.  As we _DO_ want to keep the verbs in flags
CSUM_CLOSE and CSUM_FSYNC to be about the underlying file
descriptor, I think your new code for KEEP_OPEN that is inside the
if() block that is for CSUM_CLOSE is an ugly hack, and your asking
for improvements is very much appreciated.

Let's step back and see what different behaviours the existing code
wants to support before your patch:

     - hashclose() is always about finializing the hash computation
       over the data sent through the struct hashfile (i.e. the
       virtual stream opened by hashfd()).  The optional *result can
       be used to receive this hash value, even when the caller does
       not want to write that hash value to the output stream.

     - when CSUM_CLOSE is given, however, the hash value is written
       out as the trailing record to the output stream and the stream
       is closed.  CSUM_FSYNC can instead be used to ensure that the
       data hits the disk platter when the output stream is closed.

     - when CSUM_CLOSE nor CSUM_FSYNC is not given, hash value is not
       written to the output stream (the caller takes responsibility
       of using *result), and the output stream is left open.

I think the first mistake in the existing code is to associate
"close the underlying stream" and "write the hash out to the
underlying stream" more closely than it should.  It should be
possible to "close the underlying steam" without first writing the
hash out to the underlying stream", and vice versa.

IOW, I think

         hashclose() {
                 if (result)
                         hashcpy(result, f->buffer);
         +       if (flags & CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM)
         +               flush(f, f->buffer, the_hash_algo->rawsz);
         +       if (flags & CSUM_FSYNC)
         +               fsync_or_die();
                 if (flags & (CSUM_CLOSE | CSUM_FSYNC)) {
         -               flush();
         -               if (flags & CSUM_FSYNC)
         -                       fsync_or_die();
                         if (close(f->fd))
                         fd = 0;
                 } else
                         fd = f->fd;
                 if (0 <= f->check_fd) {
                 return fd;

with would be a good first "preliminary preparation" step.

Existing callers that pass CSUM_FSYNC or CSUM_CLOSE now need to also
say "I want the resulting hash in the output stream", but that
allows your later caller to omit CSUM_CLOSE and then ask for

Existing callers can expect that FSYNC alone means fsync and close,
but your caller wants hashclose() to compute the hash, write the hash
to the output stream, and fsync the output stream, and return
without closing the output stream.  For that, you'd make FSYNC not
to imply CLOSE, and you'd need to vet all the existing callers that
use FSYNC are OK with such a change.  And then the above would

         hashclose() {
                 if (result)
                         hashcpy(result, f->buffer);
                 if (flags & CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM)
                         flush(f, f->buffer, the_hash_algo->rawsz);
                 if (flags & CSUM_FSYNC)
                 if (flags & CSUM_CLOSE) {
                         if (close(f->fd))
                         fd = 0;
                 } else
                         fd = f->fd;
                 if (0 <= f->check_fd) {
                 return fd;

Once we reach that state, the new caller in write_commit_graph()
does not have to pass nonsensical CLOSE|KEEP_OPEN combination.
Instead we can do

        hashclose(f, NULL, CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM | CSUM_FSYNC);

or something like that, I would think, without having KEEP_OPEN.

My new solution works this way. The only caveat is that existing callers end up with this diff:

- hashclose(f, _, CSUM_FSYNC);

Perhaps this is acceptable, as it is very clear about what will happen. It is easy to recognize that in the existing implementation, CSUM_FSYNC implies CSUM_CLOSE which further implies CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM.

I am actually wondering if it is worth making CSUM_FSYNC not imply
CSUM_CLOSE.  There aren't that many existing callers of hashclose()
that uses FSYNC, so vetting all of them and replacing their FSYNC
with (FSYNC|CLOSE) is not all that difficult, but if this new caller
is an oddball then another strategy may be to do the fsync_or_die()
on the caller side, something like:

                 hashclose(f, NULL, CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM);
         +       fsync_or_die(fd, get_lock_file_path(&lk));

And then we can keep the "FSYNC means fsync and then close" the
current set of callers rely on.  I dunno if that is a major issue,
but I do think "close this, or no, keep it open" is far worse than
"do we want the resulting hash in the stream?"

I'm not happy with this solution of needing an extra call like this in-between, especially since hashclose() knows how to FSYNC.

An alternative design of the above is without making
CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM a new flag bit.  I highly suspect that the
calling codepath _knows_ whether the resulting final hash will be
written out at the end of the stream or not when it wraps an fd with
a hashfile structure, so "struct hashfile" could gain a bit to tell
hashclose() whether the resulting hash need to be written (or not).
That would be a bit larger change than what I outlined above, and I
do not know if it is worth doing, though.

This certainly seems trickier to get right, but if we think it is the right solution I'll spend the time pairing struct creations with stream closings. At the moment, I'm not sure what to do with the following snippet from builtin/pack-objects.c that uses different flags (including 0) depending on the situation:

         * Did we write the wrong # entries in the header?
         * If so, rewrite it like in fast-import
        if (pack_to_stdout) {
            hashclose(f, oid.hash, CSUM_CLOSE);
        } else if (nr_written == nr_remaining) {
            hashclose(f, oid.hash, CSUM_FSYNC);
        } else {
            int fd = hashclose(f, oid.hash, 0);

It may be solvable if I dig a bit deeper than I have so far.

Below is my attempt at making the proposed change concrete, including adding flags to all existing callers to preserve behavior.

-- >8 --

From 976ff3902f8a5a1b0132a4032a4000bb330737f7 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Derrick Stolee <dsto...@microsoft.com>
Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:45:44 -0500
Subject: [PATCH] csum-file: refactor hashclose() method

If we want to use a hashfile on the temporary file for a lockfile, then
we need hashclose() to fully write the trailing hash but also keep the
file descriptor open.

Do this by adding a new CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM flag along with a functional
change that checks this flag before writing the checksum to the stream.
This differs from previous behavior since it would be written if either
CSUM_CLOSE or CSUM_FSYNC is provided.

Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dsto...@microsoft.com>
 builtin/pack-objects.c | 4 ++--
 bulk-checkin.c         | 2 +-
 csum-file.c            | 8 ++++----
 csum-file.h            | 5 +++--
 pack-bitmap-write.c    | 2 +-
 pack-write.c           | 5 +++--
 6 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/builtin/pack-objects.c b/builtin/pack-objects.c
index a197926eaa..530ddd0677 100644
--- a/builtin/pack-objects.c
+++ b/builtin/pack-objects.c
@@ -837,9 +837,9 @@ static void write_pack_file(void)
                 * If so, rewrite it like in fast-import
                if (pack_to_stdout) {
-                       hashclose(f, oid.hash, CSUM_CLOSE);
+                       hashclose(f, oid.hash, CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM | CSUM_CLOSE);
                } else if (nr_written == nr_remaining) {
-                       hashclose(f, oid.hash, CSUM_FSYNC);
+                       hashclose(f, oid.hash, CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM | CSUM_FSYNC | CSUM_CLOSE);
                } else {
                        int fd = hashclose(f, oid.hash, 0);
                        fixup_pack_header_footer(fd, oid.hash, pack_tmp_name,
diff --git a/bulk-checkin.c b/bulk-checkin.c
index 9d87eac07b..8108bacc79 100644
--- a/bulk-checkin.c
+++ b/bulk-checkin.c
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@ static void finish_bulk_checkin(struct bulk_checkin_state *state)
                goto clear_exit;
        } else if (state->nr_written == 1) {
-               hashclose(state->f, oid.hash, CSUM_FSYNC);
+               hashclose(state->f, oid.hash, CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM | CSUM_FSYNC | CSUM_CLOSE);
        } else {
                int fd = hashclose(state->f, oid.hash, 0);
                fixup_pack_header_footer(fd, oid.hash, state->pack_tmp_name,
diff --git a/csum-file.c b/csum-file.c
index 5eda7fb6af..735cd2d3d5 100644
--- a/csum-file.c
+++ b/csum-file.c
@@ -61,11 +61,11 @@ int hashclose(struct hashfile *f, unsigned char *result, unsigned int flags)
        the_hash_algo->final_fn(f->buffer, &f->ctx);
        if (result)
                hashcpy(result, f->buffer);
-       if (flags & (CSUM_CLOSE | CSUM_FSYNC)) {
-               /* write checksum and close fd */
+       if (flags & CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM)
                flush(f, f->buffer, the_hash_algo->rawsz);
-               if (flags & CSUM_FSYNC)
-                       fsync_or_die(f->fd, f->name);
+       if (flags & CSUM_FSYNC)
+               fsync_or_die(f->fd, f->name);
+       if (flags & CSUM_CLOSE) {
                if (close(f->fd))
                        die_errno("%s: sha1 file error on close", f->name);
                fd = 0;
diff --git a/csum-file.h b/csum-file.h
index 992e5c0141..a5790ca266 100644
--- a/csum-file.h
+++ b/csum-file.h
@@ -27,8 +27,9 @@ extern void hashfile_checkpoint(struct hashfile *, struct hashfile_checkpoint *)  extern int hashfile_truncate(struct hashfile *, struct hashfile_checkpoint *);

 /* hashclose flags */
-#define CSUM_CLOSE     1
-#define CSUM_FSYNC     2
+#define CSUM_CLOSE             1
+#define CSUM_FSYNC             2
+#define CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM    4

 extern struct hashfile *hashfd(int fd, const char *name);
 extern struct hashfile *hashfd_check(const char *name);
diff --git a/pack-bitmap-write.c b/pack-bitmap-write.c
index e01f992884..471481f461 100644
--- a/pack-bitmap-write.c
+++ b/pack-bitmap-write.c
@@ -535,7 +535,7 @@ void bitmap_writer_finish(struct pack_idx_entry **index,
        if (options & BITMAP_OPT_HASH_CACHE)
                write_hash_cache(f, index, index_nr);

-       hashclose(f, NULL, CSUM_FSYNC);

        if (adjust_shared_perm(tmp_file.buf))
                die_errno("unable to make temporary bitmap file readable");
diff --git a/pack-write.c b/pack-write.c
index d775c7406d..f72df5a836 100644
--- a/pack-write.c
+++ b/pack-write.c
@@ -170,8 +170,9 @@ const char *write_idx_file(const char *index_name, struct pack_idx_entry **objec

        hashwrite(f, sha1, the_hash_algo->rawsz);
-       hashclose(f, NULL, ((opts->flags & WRITE_IDX_VERIFY)
-                           ? CSUM_CLOSE : CSUM_FSYNC));
+       hashclose(f, NULL, CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM | CSUM_CLOSE |
+                          ((opts->flags & WRITE_IDX_VERIFY)
+                          ? 0 : CSUM_FSYNC));
        return index_name;


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